Connect with us

HEALTH

Calculate BMI to Monitor A Healthy Life

Avatar

Published

on

Calculate BMI to Monitor A Healthy Life

Calculate BMI

Discover the factors that body composition depends on. Know some of the techniques to control it and keep it under control.

The analysis of body composition is useful to know what is the nutritional status of a person and, therefore, their state of health, since to a large extent one is a reflection of the other. It is a way of knowing how diet, physical activity, and even other factors, such as certain diseases influence our body.

  1. Body components
  2. Techniques for determining body composition

It can be applied both at a clinical level or for the study of obesity, as well as for the world of sports, since it allows to identify states of malnutrition, evaluate the degree of obesity, the distribution of fat, and determine muscle mass. Within the field of sports, knowing the body composition is essential to be able to adapt training and diet to obtain greater sports performance.

Body components

Water is the majority component, and it covers two thirds of our body weight. If we consider the bicompartmental body composition pattern, we can differentiate 2 compartments:

The one with fat mass

In general, fat mass is divided into two large deposits, the subcutaneous and the visceral, and with the new analysis techniques, muscle fat, located between the muscle fibers, can also be assessed. Fat deposit varies with age, but it also varies according to sex, since it is considered that the ideal percentage of fat in a man is between 8 and 15% of his total body mass, while in women it will be between 13 and 20%. In general, the body of men has a certain tendency to accumulate fat at the visceral level and women at the subcutaneous level, regardless of the state of overweight or obesity. With age, body patterns resemble each other, as visceral fat increases in women in the menopausal period. An excess of body fat, especially at the visceral level, is considered a risk factor for health, which predisposes to various chronic diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus, etc. Hence the importance of determining the percentage of body fat prevalent in cases of overweight/obesity.

The fat-free dough

It covers bone mass, muscles, water, and the rest of the non-fat organs and tissues. Muscle mass represents 50% of this compartment, and it is one of those that is most valued at the sports level, since in many disciplines a greater proportion of muscle mass is required compared to fat. Although everything depends on the sport and its demands, not only at the level of body composition, but also at the level of complexion and size of the athlete.

Techniques for determining body composition

There are a variety of techniques for determining body composition. Anthropometric techniques are simple and cheap in terms of equipment but require a lot of skill on the part of the person taking them. For this type of assessment, measurements such as weight, height, body circumferences, skin folds, etc. are taken. And with them, parameters such as the Body Mass Index (BMI) and the waist/hip circumference ratio are also calculated, which help define body composition although they have some limitations.

How to Calculate BMI

The BMI, which is calculated by dividing the weight (Kg) by the height squared (m), has the drawback of assuming that all excess weight is related to fat gain, so the BMI would not be applicable to people with a large amount of muscle. A clear example is the case of bodybuilders, who are overweight due to an increase in muscle mass, not fat.

The waist / hip ratio helps to assess the regional distribution of body fat, but in this case the measurements may be more arbitrary, especially when the person has fat located in areas other than the waist.

Skinfold assessment provides very good information on the amount of body fat and is a good method of analysis, provided it is done expertly. For this, a lipocaliber is used, and the tricipital, subscapular, and iliac creases are usually measured. Equations are also made with these measurements that provide information on body fat and its distribution in the body.

Continue Reading
Advertisement

HEALTH

What to do in case of carpal tunnel syndrome during pregnancy?

Umar Nisar

Published

on

What to do in case of carpal tunnel syndrome during pregnancy

Carpal tunnel syndrome is a problem affecting the hand and occurs due to a combination of health conditions and activities that put pressure on the median nerve of the wrist. Due to excessive pressure on the median vein, the amount of space in the carpal tunnel decreases and the amount of tissue in the tunnel and the sensitivity of the median nerve increases. This can lead to carpal tunnel syndrome.

The swelling which is common during pregnancy can crowd the structures in the carpal tunnel and lead to carpal tunnel syndrome, especially when combined with forceful or constant movements of the hand and finger.

Swelling which commonly occurs during pregnancy, puts pressure on the median nerve in the wrist and causes symptoms of aching and tingling. Causes of carpal tunnel syndrome, even during pregnancy are most often associated with repetitive motion and ergonomic strain. Due to reduced mobility and a lot of resting, the circulation to the hands and other extremities is also quite slow. And if the female has repetitive hand motions or works at a desk job, she is more likely to experience carpal tunnel syndrome during pregnancy.

Symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome during pregnancy?

Symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome during pregnancy include; numbness, tingling, pain, dull ache, swelling, hot fingers,  decreased sensation in the fingers and difficulty holding objects. Symptoms of this condition are usually worse at night or early in the morning and can be felt in the fingers, hand, wrist and in worst cases, in the forearm and shoulder.

What to do in case of carpal tunnel syndrome during pregnancy?

Carpal tunnel syndrome is very common during pregnancy. Conservative management for up to 3 months is recommended for carpal tunnel syndrome related to pregnancy.  Females who still experience the same pain and symptoms after delivery should consult an orthopedic surgeon.

The more you take care and manage the symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome, the better you are likely to feel after delivery. Here are some remedies you can try to reduce symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome during pregnancy-

●      Wrist splints

Wear wrist splints to relieve pain and other symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome during pregnancy. The splint will keep your wrist from bending forwards and thus prevent symptoms from getting worse. Try wearing splints most of the time, including overnight, for the best results.

  • Exercise 

Exercises and stretching the wrists can further assist with the symptoms of CTS. Raise your hand above your heart level and then open and close the hands to make a gentle fist. Repeat the same for 5 -10 times, several times a day. This exercise can help reduce the stiffness in the finger joints and help reduce swelling caused due to carpal tunnel syndrome.

●      Modify your lifestyle and activities

Changing your daily routine and the way in which you carry out everyday tasks to reduce bending of the wrist and the pressure exerted in the carpal tunnel can readily improve and manage the symptoms. Try to keep your wrist relaxed and neutral as much as possible. 

Avoid sleeping on the affected side and raise the affected arm on a pillow, if possible. Keep your wrist from bending forward while doing your everyday tasks. Wear a wrist splint to prevent forward bending of your wrist. Avoid lifting heavy weights or performing activities which can make the symptoms worse.

How can you manage swelling due to carpal tunnel syndrome in pregnancy?

Using cold or ice packs on the inner part of your wrist or placing the hands in a cold water bath for about 30 seconds to 1 minute can also help in reducing the swelling.  It is advised to stop following these if your symptoms worsen. Try to rest with your hands above the heart level for a few minutes, several times a day.  Following such habits regularly can help reduce symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome during pregnancy.

When will pregnancy related carpal tunnel syndrome end?

Just like your feet return back to their normal size, carpal tunnel syndrome is also likely to resolve on its own after delivery. It may take a few months for the symptoms to resolve or completely go away. However, symptoms are likely to stay longer if you are breastfeeding.

Carpal tunnel usually resolves on its own after delivery as the fluid retention decreases. But if this does not happen or symptoms of CTS worsen after delivery, you should get in contact with an expert orthopedic surgeon who can suggest to you what your next steps should be.

If the symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome do not go away after trying non-surgical methods or lifestyle changes, the orthopedic doctors may suggest undergoing carpal tunnel release surgery. Consult the best orthopedic surgeons at Pristyn Care who specialize in carpal tunnel surgery.

Continue Reading

HEALTH

Strong Foundations Of Ekol Hospitals Leads To Success

Umar Nisar

Published

on

Strong Foundations Of Ekol Hospitals Leads To Success

Ekol Hospitals, which were established in Izmir by BAZ group companies in 2007, is an innovative hospital in terms of worldwide treatment and treatment strategies with a solid and dynamic staff.

In this context, Ekol hospitals can compete with other European-based institutions in medical sciences with its innovative structure and innovative spirit.

The importance of experienced staff and it’s outcome

According to researches, the service quality of a hospital is directly proportional to the experience and knowledge of its staff. In this context, Ekol Hospitals, which have always had an experienced and dynamic staff since the day they were founded, is an institution that has proven itself in this sense.

Ekol hospitals have doubled their efficiency, especially in the service and services it provides abroad, and raised its prestige by getting full points from the patients it serves. Chief of staff of Ekol reports as follows; “It took a lot of energy to get to where we are, but we are very happy with the results. I think we brought together the right staff, I can see this by looking at the satisfaction level of our patients.”

According to the latest statistics, The organization which guarantees a 100% service experience to the patients visiting Ekol hospital, provides its patients with a service experience of up to 99%. As such, Ekol hospitals maintain their relations with their patients after the treatment process, giving personal importance to the relations they established with their patients and provides support not only in the subjects they receive service but also in all medical matters in general.

 

“Our Obesity treatments is a successful one, and attracts lots of patients across the world” Manager of the international relationship said.

Ekol, which has proven itself in the fields of Orthopedics, Gynecology and Cardiology, has come a long way in Obesity and has become one of the few organizations in Europe. Sarah, who previously chose Ekol due to affordable pricing and received medical services in the field of Orthopedics, was more than satisfied with her experience and brought her own sister to Ekol hospitals for obesity treatment. Stating that the obesity treatment process has been very positive, Sarah also states that Ekol hospitals are well advanced in terms of obesity treatment and strategies. She does this based on his past experiences; “My family also has genetic obesity, I had taken my mother to treatment in Europe before, but it cost us a lot. Without damaging our economy by choosing Turkey, we have received the same treatment we received in Europe. “

After leaving the hospital, Sarah stated that if her family has obesity problems again, she will apply to Ekol hospitals again. A whole team of people who took care of her and her sister stated that they had a hole in their hearts. This was unexpected for everyone. “Sarah was a person who always made us laugh and spread positivity around her thanks to this attitude, so I think we did our best for her.”

Continue Reading

HEALTH

ENT Specialist Sugar Land TX: Know Your Symptoms

Umar Nisar

Published

on

ENT Specialist Sugar Land TX: Know Your Symptoms

ENT stands for ear, nose, and throat. Your ear, nose, and throat are very important parts of your body. Just like other parts of the body, they also can have various problems associated with them. Their problems can be associated with a variety of discomfort felt at almost all times ranging from eating to sleeping. Thus, it is very important that you visit and seek help in getting rid of your ear, nose, and throat problems from ENT Specialist Sugar Land TX.

Most people with ear, nose, and throat problems are often plagued with a wide range of symptoms that the specialist will go through during the treatment. Their problems are often detrimental to health and so you must seek the help of an ENT specialist Sugar Land TX as quickly as possible.

Most visits to the hospital are related to problems of the ear, nose, and throat. The importance of visiting a specialist cannot be overemphasized. The specialist will carefully look through your symptoms and give you the best prescription to alleviate the problems and quicken your journey to total recovery.

There are a lot of ENT problems ranging from minor problems like allergies to major problems like malignancies, all of which can have various effects on the individual.

What Can the ENT Specialist Do?

Having gone through the required training, they are well equipped to tackle problems related to

  1. The ear: problems such as hearing impairment, pain in the ears, ringing in the ears, and congenital disorders of the ear can be treated by ENT specialist Sugar Land TX.
  2. The nose: problems that can affect the nasal cavities and sinuses can be treated by the ENT specialist.
  3. The throat: problems of the throat which can affect various activities like singing, eating, speaking, and swallowing can be treated by the ENT specialist.

When Should You See an ENT Specialist?

Booking an appointment with an ENT specialist Sugar Land TX is very important when you have any of the following problems

  • Tonsil infection: A bacterial infection of your tonsils can lead to tonsillitis, with symptoms such as sore throat, bad breath, swollen tonsils, fever, and problems with swallowing.
  • Ear infection or inflammation: This can be caused by cold and flu viruses. Its symptoms include ear pain, irritation, fever, and sleeping issues.
  • Allergy: A lot of people suffer from allergies. There are various allergy triggers which include pollen, food, mold, dust, insects, pets, and much more. People with allergies can experience coughing, running nose, fever, headache, skin rashes, sneezing, and many more.
  • Hearing loss
  • Sinus infections: Sinus infections are caused by bacteria. Its symptoms include headache, teeth pain, stuffiness, congestion and so much more.
  • Tinnitus( ringing in the ears)
  • Problems with breathing
  • Problems with balance
  • Sleep apnea
  • Acid Reflux

Treatment Plan

After a complete ENT examination and based on the diagnosis, your ENT specialist would offer treatment and prescription. This can include the use of medication, surgery, and lifestyle changes. If you have any of the symptoms listed above, you may want to visit ENT specialist Sugar Land TX to get tested and commence treatment.

Continue Reading

Trending

%d bloggers like this: