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How to cope with anger and not let it flow into aggression



How to cope with anger and not let it flow into aggression

It is harmful to suppress them, but “letting off steam” is not the best option either.

The constant stream of bad news, arguments with friends, and disrespect from relatives and colleagues can cause anger that turns into aggression. On the one hand, anger is a perfectly normal reaction that is used to help people survive. To build relationships without aggression, it is better to use Christian matches. On the other hand, excessive anger can cause health problems and displays of aggression can hurt other people. Let’s look at how anger and aggression arise, whether they should be suppressed and whether they can be controlled.

The difference between anger and aggression

Anger is a type of feeling, while aggression is a type of behavior. However, the two concepts are often confused.

Anger is a negative emotional state that is usually associated with hostile thoughts, and physiological arousal. Angry thoughts may accompany muscle tension, headaches, or heart palpitations. Anger usually arises in response to disrespectful, humiliating, or threatening actions of others.  

Anger can be expressed verbally or physically. People may yell, swear, argue to show their displeasure, throw and break things, and hit a table or a wall with their fists. 

Aggression is behavior aimed at causing physical or psychological harm to others.

Psychologists divide aggression into impulsive and instrumental. Impulsive aggression is also called affective aggression. It is more often triggered by anger and accompanied by strong emotions. Such aggression is triggered by the acute threat response system in the brain, which includes the amygdala and hypothalamus. In this case, aggression may be unconscious and uncontrollable. Instrumental aggression is behavior in which a person resorts to achieving a specific goal, such as demonstrating dominance. It is planned rather than spontaneous behavior.

Because anger is more often expressed through swearing, it is cases of aggression that end up in the criminal justice system. According to a study conducted by American psychologist and anger management specialist Dr. Howard Kassinow, about 90% of aggressive incidents are preceded by anger. However, only in 10 percent of cases does anger translate into aggression.

How aggression is expressed

  • Aggression is used for a variety of purposes: 
  • expressing anger; 
  • domination;
  • intimidation;
  • responding to fear and pain.
  • Aggressive behavior can be expressed physically in the form of hitting, kicking, or other objects as well as defacing things. However, there are also verbal forms of aggression: for example, spreading false rumors or intentionally discrediting another person. This is also considered aggression because these seemingly quiet actions aim to hurt the other person.

There is also a type of behavior called passive aggression. This is an indirect expression of aggression: the person does not directly show that he is angry or angry. Sometimes he may even convince others that everything is normal, but at the same time behave coldly with people, ignore other people’s requests, or does not talk at all without explaining his behavior. Reasons for this behavior may be an upbringing in which the child is punished for showing negative emotions, lack of communication skills, or fear of open conflict.

How Anger and Aggression Can Harm Your Health

Anger is a normal, healthy human emotion. Evolutionarily, it had an adaptive function: it evoked strong emotions and aggressive behavior that allowed humans to defend themselves when attacked. Consequently, a certain amount of anger is necessary for survival.

In today’s world, anger can also be a reaction to injustice. For example, if one watches a movie where the characters suffer, one feels anger, but when good triumphs over evil, one feels satisfaction.

However, if we get angry a lot and often, our autonomic nervous system becomes highly agitated. This can provoke hormonal and neurochemical changes. Physiological reactions can lead to increased cardiovascular responses, breathing and sweating, blood flow to active muscles, and increased strength. If a person is angry all the time, it can lead to an increased risk of hypertension and stroke, heart disease, stomach ulcers, bowel disease, and delayed wound healing.

Some studies show that there is a link between anger and chronic inflammation. These, in turn, can lead to cardiovascular problems.

Anger and aggression have also been linked to mental disorders. However, it is still unclear what is primary: unregulated anger causes these conditions or whether the disorders inherently make it difficult to manage strong emotions. 

Why you shouldn’t suppress anger

People use a variety of both conscious and unconscious processes to cope with anger. The three main approaches are expressing, suppressing, and calming. 

Anger can be suppressed. To do this, you have to contain it, stop thinking about the feeling, and focus on something else. The goal of this approach is to transform anger, the energy it gives off, into more constructive behavior. The danger with this type of reaction is that if it is not allowed to be expressed outwardly, it will turn inward. Anger can then cause hypertension, high blood pressure, or depression. Also, repressed anger can cause passive-aggressive behavior.

Women are more likely to suffer from repressed anger. Stereotypes forbid girls to actively express negative emotions, and women’s anger is not taken seriously and is branded “hysterical.” We have a separate piece on why women need to reclaim their right to be angry.

Why “blowing off steam” is also a bad idea

Therapists used to advise people who experience temper tantrums to give them a physical outlet, but without contact with other people. For example, hitting a pillow.  This was considered a good way to control anger.

However, more modern research has shown that this type of emotional release does not so much calm anger as exacerbate it. If a person experiences anger and hits a pillow, he is not calming down, but rather fatigued. Through the physical manifestation of anger in the body, he reinforces the neural pathways in the brain-the next time he experiences the same emotion, he will need a physical release, but a pillow may not be at hand. And to calm down otherwise man will not be able to. 

According to research on the expression of anger, a person needs to be heard, to have their position accepted, and to show respect. This can be done in verbal or electronic communication. But physical outbursts of anger without feedback are meaningless. 

How to express anger

Expressing anger in an assertive but not aggressive manner when communicating with others is the healthiest way to express anger. To do this, you need to learn how to articulate your needs without hurting others: be assertive, but also show respect for yourself and your interlocutors.

Avoid words like “never” and “always.” Statements like “You always forget everything” may make you feel good, but they sound hurtful to the person you’re talking to. It will be harder for him to dialogue and solve the problem with you.

Resort to logic. Anger is often irrational. It is important to remind yourself that the whole world is not set against you and that there are understandable and local reasons for what is happening.

Make requests, not demands. In anger, people tend to demand justice, consent, and appreciation. Try to change the form of your statements and ask for the same. Be prepared for the disappointment of not getting what you want, too, lest an unexpected rejection provokes a new wave of anger.

How to be angry less often

Be active regularly. This is a preventative measure – physical activity is useful before you experience anger. Walking outdoors or exercising at the gym can help release stored energy and keep it from flowing into anger.

Distract yourself from your triggers. Avoid communication with people who make you angry. Read fewer news stories that provoke feelings of injustice and anger.

Write out your emotions on paper. Write down how you feel, and what triggers your negativity. This will help you calm down, focus on your feelings, and understand the nature of your emotions. 

How to prevent anger from turning into aggression

Physical reactions such as clenching of the jaw, rapid pulse, and excessive sweating are warning signs of a bout of aggression. If this happens, you can consciously reduce the risks from aggressive states so that you don’t hurt other people.

If you are in a situation or with a person who becomes a trigger for anger, try to stop it. Walk away from the event that makes you angry, and stop communicating with the person who irritates you.

Tell loved ones that you are experiencing anger and that you are having difficulty controlling yourself.

Use breathing or muscle relaxation techniques: alternately tense and relax your muscles, starting with your face and ending with your feet. 

Try to focus on your senses: the music around you, pleasant smells, food, or drink. This can be distracting.

Thanks to the service Eden for the article.


Empowering Authors: The Benefits of Using Digital Book Templates in Self-Publishing



Empowering Authors: The Benefits of Using Digital Book Templates in Self-Publishing

In the digital age, self-publishing has emerged as a powerful avenue for authors to share their stories and ideas with the world. Whether you’re an aspiring novelist, a niche non-fiction writer, or a seasoned author, self-publishing provides you with the freedom and control over your work that traditional publishing often lacks. However, the journey from manuscript to published book can be a daunting one, with numerous hurdles to overcome. This is where a digital book template comes into play. In this article, we will explore how using digital book templates can empower authors and streamline the self-publishing process.

1. What Are Digital Book Templates?

Before delving into the benefits of using digital book templates, let’s first understand what they are. Digital book templates are pre-designed, customizable layouts for various book formats, such as eBooks and print books. These templates come in a range of styles and designs, catering to different genres and tastes. Authors can find templates for fiction, non-fiction, textbooks, cookbooks, and more.

2. Simplified Formatting

One of the most significant advantages of using digital book templates is simplified formatting. Formatting a book for publication can be a time-consuming and technically challenging task. Authors often struggle with setting margins, adjusting fonts, and ensuring consistent page layouts. With digital book templates, these hassles are minimized.

Templates are designed by professionals who understand the intricacies of book design. This means that authors can focus on their content, knowing that the formatting is already taken care of. The templates provide consistent and visually appealing layouts, ensuring that your book looks polished and professional.

3. Time Efficiency

Time is of the essence in the self-publishing world. Authors have deadlines to meet and readers eagerly awaiting their work. Digital book templates save authors precious time. Instead of wrestling with formatting issues, authors can dedicate more time to writing, editing, and marketing their books.

Imagine the relief of not having to spend hours adjusting page numbers or aligning headers and footers. Templates handle these tasks automatically, allowing authors to concentrate on the creative aspects of their work. This time efficiency can lead to faster publication and increased productivity.

4. Customization Options

While digital book templates provide a structure for your book, they also offer ample customization options. Authors can personalize templates to match their unique vision and style. You can change fonts, colors, and even add your own graphics or illustrations to make the book truly your own.

This flexibility allows authors to strike a balance between convenience and creativity. You get the benefits of a professionally designed layout without sacrificing your creative expression. Customization options ensure that your book stands out and reflects your individuality as an author.

5. Consistency Across Formats

Many authors choose to publish their books in multiple formats, such as eBooks and print. Maintaining consistency across these formats can be challenging, as each has its own set of formatting requirements. Digital book templates solve this problem by providing templates for various formats, ensuring that your book looks consistent in both digital and print versions.

Consistency is crucial for building a strong author brand. Readers who appreciate your eBook will have the same positive experience when they hold the print version in their hands. This consistency reinforces your professionalism and credibility as an author.

6. Professional Appearance

First impressions matter, and a professionally formatted book can make all the difference. When readers pick up a well-designed book, it signals to them that the author has taken the time and care to present their work in the best possible way. This can enhance the reader’s perception of the book and the author.

Digital book templates are crafted by graphic designers and layout experts who understand the principles of visual appeal. By using these templates, authors can ensure that their books make a strong, positive impression on readers from the moment they lay eyes on the cover and the first pages.

7. Cost-Effective Publishing

Self-publishing can be expensive, especially if you hire professionals for formatting and design. Digital book templates offer a cost-effective alternative. Many templates are available for free or at a reasonable one-time cost. This affordability makes self-publishing accessible to a wider range of authors, regardless of their budget.

Additionally, by saving time and effort on formatting, authors can allocate their resources more effectively. Instead of spending money on extensive formatting services, they can invest in professional editing, cover design, or marketing to enhance the overall quality and reach of their book.

8. Accessibility and Inclusivity

Digital book templates also promote accessibility and inclusivity in self-publishing. Authors who may not have access to expensive design software or specialized formatting skills can still produce high-quality books. This levels the playing field and allows diverse voices and perspectives to be heard in the publishing world.

Inclusivity extends to readers as well. A well-formatted book is more accessible to individuals with disabilities, such as those who rely on screen readers or other assistive technologies. Authors who use accessible templates contribute to a more inclusive reading experience.

9. Ease of Updates and Revisions

Books are not static creations; authors may want to update or revise their work over time. Digital book templates make this process much more straightforward. When using a template, changes can be implemented consistently throughout the book, ensuring that the updated version remains cohesive and error-free.

Whether you want to correct typos, update information, or release a new edition of your book, templates simplify the process. This ease of updates can help authors keep their content relevant and engage with their readers on an ongoing basis.

10. Resources and Support

Many providers of digital book templates also offer resources and support to assist authors in their self-publishing journey. These resources may include guides on how to use the templates effectively, tips for self-publishing success, and access to online communities where authors can share experiences and advice.

Having access to such resources can be invaluable, especially for first-time self-publishers. It reduces the learning curve and provides a network of support from experienced authors who have walked the same path.

11. Conclusion

In conclusion, digital book templates are powerful tools that empower authors in their self-publishing endeavors. They simplify formatting, save time, offer customization options, ensure consistency across formats, enhance professionalism, and provide cost-effective solutions. Furthermore, they promote accessibility, inclusivity, and ease of updates while offering valuable resources and support.

For authors looking to make their mark in the world of self-publishing, digital book templates are a valuable ally. They enable authors to focus on what they do best – writing – while leaving the technicalities of formatting and design to the experts. With digital book templates, authors can turn their manuscripts into polished, professional books that captivate readers and leave a lasting impression. So, don’t hesitate to explore the world of digital book templates and embark on your self-publishing journey with confidence and ease. Your literary dreams are just a template away from becoming a reality.

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