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What is Pre-stack Inversion?

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What is Pre-stack Inversion?

If you are looking to invert offset gathers for P-impedance, S-impedance and density then you are looking for Pre-stack inversion

Pre-stack inversion transforms seismic angle or offset data into P-impedance, S-impedance, and density through the integration of gathers, well data, and stratigraphic interpretation. Other elastic parameters such as Vp, Vs, and density are also equally possible, but typically two components such as P-impedance and Vp/Vs ratio, are reliable depending on target acquisition.

The data needed for a pre-stack inversion project typically consists of P and S wave reflectivity stacks, intercept and gradient stacks (which are converted to Rp and Rs stacks, and a minimum of 3 angle stacks (converted to Rp and Rs density stacks).

Pre-stack inversion software is available through IHS Kingdom. There are plenty of benefits of using this software to convert your seismic inversion data including:

  • An elastic log analysis to identify targets
  • Cross-plot any pairs of logs
  • AVO analysis on multiple angle stacks
  • EEI and log correlation analysis
  • Cascaded and constrained inversion for AI, SI and density
  • Wavelet estimation for P-impedance, S-impedance and density reflectivity volumes
  • Elastic parameters transform to Poisson’s ratio and Young’s modulus etc.
  • Mapping reservoir properties using polygons
  • Estimate porosity, VSH, SW and TOC using EEI and log correlation
  • Simple to set up and easy to parametrize and supports multi-CPUs
  • Suitable for both conventional and unconventional reservoirs
  • Fully integrated with Kingdom project database as there is no data transfer time

There are many features within the software including, Log Analysis, Cross Plot, EEI Correlation, Pre-stack Data Analysis, Elastic Parameter Transformation and Litho-Fluid Mapping.

Log Analysis

The log analysis tab in the software shows various elastic logs that are currently used in the industry – Vp, Vs and Density. Other petrophysical logs which are also included are gamma-ray, water saturation and total organic carbon so they can also be displayed alongside your data.

Cross Plot

With Cross Plot you can pair together elastic parameters to find a relationship between elastic and any petrophysical logs. A third log can also be selected as the colour bar which adds further detail to the plot.

EEI Correlation

EEI (Extended Elastic Impedance) is a clever way of combining intercept and gradient domain, the values of compressional velocity, shear velocity and density with a rotational angle called chi. When the angle, chi, is zero, the extended elastic impedance value is the normal incident acoustic impedance The Chi angle is used in the Log Analysis and Pre-stack Data Analysis tab.

Pre-stack Data Analysis

Once the prospect has been established using the above tools, you can then proceed to prepare data for the inversion. This module takes angle stacks and performs an AVO analysis to transform them into P, S and Density reflectivities.

Elastic Parameter Transformation

Once the 3 inversion volumes have been generated you can use this feature to transform and look at the relationships defined using real well data which can be applied to the volumes which will result in a series of elastic and petrophysical volumes that represent the desired property and trace location.

Litho-Fluid Mapping

As soon as the Elastic parameter volumes have been created this module will allow you to cross plot the two selected volumes around a well. 

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Kanye West Merch

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Kanye West Merch

Kanye West is a popular rapper, musician, and clothing designer. He has many fans, who adore his music and fashion. Recently, Kanye West Merch has started selling merchandise on his website. His fans have been eagerly buying it up. The merchandise includes T-shirts, hoodies, hats, and other items. Some of the designs feature popular lyrics from Kanye’s songs. Other items feature graphics or designs that are inspired by Kanye’s music or fashion sense. So far, the feedback from fans has been positive. They love the quality of the materials used and the designs of the items. They also appreciate that they can buy merchandise that is exclusive to Kanye West Merch website. If you’re a fan of Kanye West, be sure to check out his online store for some great merch.

Kanye West Hoodie

Kanye West is a hip-hop artist who has gained worldwide popularity. He is known for his unique style, and many of his fans love to imitate it. If you’re looking for a way to show your support for Kanye West and look good at the same time, consider buying a Kanye West hoodie. Hoodies are a great way to keep warm in the winter, and there are many different styles available. You can find hoodies that feature Kim Kardashian, North West, or any other of Kanye’s famous family members. You can also find hoodies with the lyrics from some of Kanye’s most popular songs. No matter what style you choose, you’ll be sure to look cool and stylish when wearing a Kanye West hoodie. Kanye West is one of the most popular and influential rappers in the world. His music is expressive and unique, and his fashion sense is always on point. If you’re a fan of Kanye West, you’ll love this hoodie! It’s made from high-quality materials and it looks great. It’s perfect for a cool autumn day or a winter evening.

Kanye West Shirt

In anticipation of his upcoming Saint Pablo tour, Kanye West has released a new line of merch. The line includes a shirt that is gaining a lot of attention. The shirt bears the phrase “I Feel Like Pablo”, which was popularized by Kanye on Twitter. Fans are already rushing to get their hands on the shirt, and many are saying that it will be a hot commodity during the tour. Whether you’re a fan of Kanye or not, this shirt is sure to turn some heads. Be sure to check out the rest of the line, which includes hats, jackets, and more! As a Kanye West fan, I was excited when I saw he was selling shirts on his website. I quickly went to the website to buy one. However, when I got there, I was disappointed to find that the shirt cost $90! That’s way too expensive for a T-shirt. I’m sure Kanye could do better than that.

Kanye West Sweatshirt

Kanye West’s influence in popular culture is undeniable. From his early days as a hip-hop artist to his recent foray into fashion design, Ye has always been one step ahead of the curve. His latest album, “The Life of Pablo,” was released in February 2016 and spawned hits like “Famous” and “Father Stretch My Hands Pt. 1.” If you’re looking for some new Kanye West gear to show your support for the rapper, check out our selection of sweatshirts. Made from 100% cotton, these hoodies are comfortable and keep you warm on those cold days or nights. They’re also machine-washable so they’re easy to take care of – perfect if you’re on the go! Whether you’re listening to Ye’s latest album or just hanging out with friends, these Kanye West sweatshirts will let everyone know that you’re a fan of the artist extraordinaire! Order yours today! (Sharing an exciting giveaway opportunity here as well if available)

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6 Home Remedies to Relieve TMJ Pain

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6 Home Remedies to Relieve TMJ Pain

Talking, laughing, smiling, and chewing are all jaw movements that you make daily without much thought. However, these simple movements can cause much pain if you have temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMJ). TMJ Leander discomfort may have a significant impact on your quality of life.

Teeth grinding is a common cause of temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJD), which can cause chronic pain and stiffness in the jaw, among other symptoms. There are a variety of therapies available to assist you to ease your discomfort.

Here are some home remedies to treat TMJ;

1.  Eat soft meals

 To prevent your jaws from overworking, eat soft meals like mashed potatoes, yogurt, mashed potatoes, soup, cottage cheese, salmon,   scrambled eggs, cooked fruits and vegetables, beans, and grains. Avoid Hard and crunchy foods (such as pretzels, hard rolls, and raw carrots) and chewy foods (like taffy and caramels). In addition, avoid chewing gum.

2.      Wear a bite guard

A bite guard (also known as a stabilizing splint) can protect your teeth from clenching or grinding. Bite guards are typically made of plastic, and they fit over your lower and upper teeth to keep them from rubbing together. Bite guards come in various styles; for example, you can wear a firm or soft bite guard.

Consult your physician or dentist to determine how long you should wear the bite guard. If the bite guard is causing you discomfort or changing the way you bite, stop using it immediately and consult your doctor.

3.  Use heat or cold therapy

Applying wet, warm heat packs or ice packs to your jaw might assist in relaxing the muscles in your face and jaw. Your doctor will tell you how long to leave the ice pack or heat pack on and where to put them.

4.      Learn to manage stress

Stress is one of the leading causes of TMJ. When people are worried, they tend to clench their jaws unconsciously throughout the day. If you are stressed, go for a walk daily to clear your thoughts, write down your concerns in a notebook, talk to a psychologist, try yoga, meditate, or soak in a bubble bath. Make every effort to relax and enjoy yourself.

5.      Limit jaw movement

Your jaw may strain your jaw if you yawn, scream, or sing at the top of your lungs frequently. To give your Temporomandibular a respite from movement, try to limit any severe jaw motions in your daily life. This may help to alleviate some of your discomforts.

6.      Try acupuncture or massage therapy

TMJ discomfort can also be relieved with acupuncture. The acupuncturist will insert needles in places surrounding your jaw and other areas to ease pain and enhance jaw function, enabling you to open your mouth easily. In addition, gently rubbing your TMJ joint can also help ease up the muscles surrounding your jaw and relieve pain.

Temporomandibular joint disorders may cause severe headaches, grinding and locking in your jaws, ringing in your ears, and neck pain. Fortunately, you may treat TMJ pain using home remedies. However, if the pain persists, you should seek further medical treatment. Contact Pendleton Orthodontics to book your appointment for TMJ treatment.

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Benefits of Regularly Visiting a General Practitioner

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Benefits of Regularly Visiting a General Practitioner

Regularly seeing a primary care physician may positively impact your health. Your trusted general practitioner (GP), Dr. Kalpana Desai is well-versed in dealing with various medical conditions and may tailor treatment to meet your requirements. You have a solid partnership when you have a long-term connection with a professional who treats the person, not just the condition. There are several additional reasons why it is a good idea to have a regular general practitioner, including:

Someone who understands you

GPs are typically the initial point of contact for your health. Having a regular GP gives them the chance to know you and develop a better grasp of your medical history. Every time you go to the doctor, you do not have to describe your medical history. The more often someone sees their primary care physician, the more likely they are to be open and honest with their doctor about their health. They believe that their concerns are taken into account.

An experienced general practitioner (GP) will be able to spot any problems with your health right away and recommend the right course of action. As soon as a problem becomes severe, persistent, or even life-threatening to the patient, the doctor takes measures to prevent it.

Integrated health care

If you have a medical problem that necessitates the participation of additional health care providers, your general practitioner is your primary point of contact. If a medical expert or allied health practitioners like a psychologist or podiatrist is necessary, this might be the first step.

Advice on health and wellness from a professional

Your general practitioner is your best bet when diagnosing and treating different health-related issues. In addition, they are likely to be the initial point of contact for most health difficulties you encounter in your lifetime. In addition to treating colds and flu, they are one of the most acceptable sources of science-based advice on maintaining a healthy lifestyle and avoiding illness in the first place!

A complete medical history kept in one place

Every time you see a local doctor, they take down essential information about your health, such as your family medical history, results of medical tests, prescriptions for drugs, allergies, etc. Regularly seeing your doctor ensures that your medical history is thorough, accurate, and up-to-date. When you visit your doctor, they will consult your medical file, and if you have been to more than one doctor, your information spreads out. As a consequence, your medical issues may be misdiagnosed and treated inappropriately.

General practitioners can identify and treat a wide range of common health issues. They might refer you to specialists if your problem is outside their practice area.

Accessibility

Because regular doctors are accessible at times convenient to you, you will have to wait less time for an appointment with them. You can expect to be seen within a few hours after seeking an appointment with a regular GP rather than a few days. Patients should expect to be seen on time by most frequent GPs, and the time spent in the waiting area will be substantially less than when visiting a different doctor.

You and your family’s health and well-being are best served by seeing a general practitioner regularly. Choosing a GP may be a complex process that requires a lot of trial and error. Finding a doctor with whom you are comfortable and who can work on your health for the long term is critical.

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