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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment for Acute Sinusitis

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment for Acute Sinusitis

Acute sinusitis is when the membranes in your nose and surrounding sinuses become inflamed. It is a short-term condition and impairs the ability to drain mucus from your nose and sinuses. When you have acute sinusitis, it can be challenging to breathe through your nose. Viruses, bacteria, fungi, intranasal allergies, nasal polyps, and a deviated septum can lead to acute sinuses. Most acute sinusitis Midtown East cases result from cold. This condition resolves within ten days unless you develop a bacterial infection.

Symptoms

When you have acute sinusitis, you can experience nasal congestion, sore throat, headache, reduced sense of smell and taste, fever, and fatigue. You can also have thick yellow or green mucus discharging from your nose, a cough that worsens during the night, and drainage of mucus at your throat. Pain, pressure, and tenderness behind the eyes, nose, cheeks, and forehead are other common symptoms.

Diagnosis

History: Your healthcare provider will ask about your medical history and the symptoms you may be experiencing.

Physical examination: Your doctor can gently use fingers to press over your sinuses to identify an infection. The doctor can also look into your nose using light to check inflammation, polyps, or tumors.

Nasal endoscopy: Using a device known as a nasal endoscope, your specialist will look into your nose. A nasal endoscope is a thin, flexible fiber-optic instrument that helps identify inflammation and other disorders in your sinuses.

Imaging tests: A CT scan or MRI can help detect inflammation and other abnormalities in your sinuses. A CT scan involves rotating X-rays and video screens to show derailed cross-sectional images of your nose. An MRI shows 3-D images of your nose using radio waves and a magnetic field.

Treatment

Acute sinusitis is not a severe condition and lasts for a short time. Most people get better without treatment. In some cases, you may need treatments which include:

Antibiotics: If bacterial infections cause your sinusitis, antibiotics can help. Antibiotics cannot cure sinusitis caused by viruses.

Nasal sprays: Steroid nasal sprays and decongestants can help manage your symptoms. Avoid using over-the-counter nasal sprays for more than three days unless prescribed by a medical professional. Sprays like Flonase minimize intranasal and sinus inflammation. Decongestant therapy can dry up mucus.

Over-the-counter medications: Pain relievers like acetaminophen and ibuprofen can help relieve sinus pain.

Steam inhalation: Breathing in warm, moist air can temporarily relieve congestion. Ensure the water used to make steam is clean and free of contaminants.

Irrigation: Cleaning your nasal passages with saline solution can relieve discomfort. Since saline is just salt and sterile water, you can use it for longer than five days.

Avoid strenuous activities: Getting extra rest and fluids can help thin mucus.

Surgery: You may need surgery to treat the underlying cause of acute sinusitis. The surgery may include the removal of nasal polyps or tumors, correcting a deviated nasal septum, or cleaning and draining your sinuses.

Most cases of acute sinusitis can heal independently, but if yours last more than a week, contact your healthcare provider. You also need to see your doctor if you have a high fever, vision changes, and stiff neck. Schedule an appointment with Richard L. Nass, M.D, for acute sinusitis treatment to prevent chronic sinusitis.

HEALTH

Summer Skin Recovery Tips: How To Correct Skin Discoloration Afterward

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Summer Skin Recovery Tips: How To Correct Skin Discoloration Afterward

So you had the best summer ever, spending time on the beach and trekking through the woods to see the beautiful sunset. But these adventures may have taken a toll on your skin, and you may start a tan or sunspots creeping up on your skin.

Sunspots, also known as age spots or liver spots, are a type of skin discoloration that occurs when your skin is exposed to sunlight for long periods of time. So you must be wondering how to get rid of sun spots or a tan after spending some beautiful days out in the sun. Well, there are some excellent home remedies that you can try out to restore your natural skin tone quickly. Scroll down to check them out!

Helpful Skin Recovery Tips After Sun Exposure

  1. Lemon Juice: Lemon juice has bleaching properties, which makes it a beneficial home remedy for de-tanning your skin. Here’s how to use it:
    • Mix 2 tablespoons of lemon juice with 1 tablespoon of honey and some rosewater. 
    • Apply the mixture to your face and leave it on for 10 minutes.
    • Wash it off with lukewarm water.
    • Do this twice a week for optimal results. 

Avoid this remedy if you have sensitive skin as lemon juice is acidic and can cause redness and irritation.

  1. Sandalwood: Sandalwood is known for reducing skin tan and rejuvenating the skin. Thus, it can help you recover your even skin tone. 
    • Mix 1 tablespoon of sandalwood powder with 3-4 tablespoons of rosewater and 1 teaspoon of lemon juice. 
    • Apply the paste to your skin and leave it on until it dries completely. 
    • Wash it off with cold water. 
    • Perform this remedy twice a week. 
  1. Aloe Vera: Aloe vera not only fades skin tan and sunspots but also soothes sunburn. 
    • Extract fresh aloe vera gel from a leaf and gently massage it into your skin. 
    • Wash it off after 15 minutes. 
    • Do this daily to soothe your tanned skin.  
  1. Papaya Pulp: Papaya pulp can reduce skin discoloration as it is a fantastic skin exfoliator. 
    • Mix one cup of mashed papaya with 2 tablespoons of honey to make a firm paste. 
    • Apply it all over your face. 
    • Wash it off after 30 minutes. 
    • Do this twice a week to improve your skin tone. 
  1. Gram Flour: Gram flour is used in traditional Indian medicine to soften the skin and reduce skin tan and sunspots.
    • Mix 2 tablespoons of gram flour with some rosewater to make a thick paste. Apply it on the face or the body part and leave until it completely dries off. Later wash it off with cold water and perform this remedy twice a week to reduce the tan and the uneven appearance of the skin. 
  1. Yogurt And Tomato Paste: Yogurt hydrates and soothes the skin. And tomatoes contain citric acid, which helps in removing the tan. 
    • Mix 2 tablespoons of yogurt and 2 tablespoons of tomato juice. 
    • Apply the pack liberally to the tanned skin. 
    • Leave it on for 30 minutes before rinsing it off with cool water. 
  1. Turmeric And Milk Paste:  This natural cure is the finest choice for removing skin tan due to the skin-brightening effects of turmeric and the exfoliating benefits of milk. 
    • Mix a 1/4 teaspoon of turmeric with 2-3 tablespoons of milk to make a firm paste.
    • Spread the solution all over your tanned skin and let it dry. 
    • Wash it off with lukewarm water. 
    • Follow this remedy daily. 
  1. Coconut Milk: Coconut milk replenishes the skin’s moisture loss and is very nutritious. Its moderate acidity and vitamin C content aid in tan removal. 
    • Soak a cotton ball in natural coconut milk and pat it all over your face. 
    • Let it dry before washing it off with a gentle cleanser.
    • Follow this simple remedy twice daily.
  1. Vitamin E Cream: Vitamin E helps lighten the skin and restore the pigmentation damaged by sunlight. You should use a vitamin E-based cream every night to see favorable results. 
  1. De-Tan Face Washes: You can also cleanse your face with a de-tanning face wash twice daily to get rid of your tan and sunspots. These cleansers work by exfoliating the upper layer of your skin with the help of natural ingredients like tomato, papaya, and lemon. 

Clinical Treatments For Skin Discoloration

If you need to get rid of tan and sunspots immediately because you have an event coming up, you can opt for some clinical treatments for relatively instant results. These include:

  1. Laser Treatment: Laser therapy is one of the top treatments for restoring the natural skin tone. It can also fade the appearance of dark spots, acne scars, and other skin imperfections. 
  2. Chemical Peel: The application of chemical peels promotes collagen synthesis. This process not only eliminates skin tan but also reduces acne scars and uneven skin tone. 
  3. Hydroquinone: It’s one of the most prescribed medications for tan reduction. It acts as a skin-lightening agent by blocking the action of tyrosinase, an enzyme that plays an important role in melanin synthesis. 
  4. Microdermabrasion: Microdermabrasion might be a great choice if you want a less invasive skin discoloration treatment. This process cleanses the dead skin cells and other skin contaminants using particles of varied coarseness and a suction mechanism. 

How To Prevent Sunspots And Tan

There are a few precautions you can take to protect your skin from tanning and preserve its natural tone and glow even during the summer. Here’s what you can do:

  • Avoid Prolonged Sun Exposure: If you already have a tan, avoid spending too much time in the sun. It is best to use an umbrella when you are stepping out. Also, avoid wearing black or other dark colors as they absorb more sunlight. Take care of your eyes by wearing sunglasses. Finally, don’t forget to wear a hat when spending a day outdoors.
  • Apply Sunscreen Religiously: You need to wear sunscreen every single day throughout the year, even if you are staying indoors. Sunscreen shields your skin from the damaging UV rays and delays the onset of aging. A sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher and broad-spectrum protection is recommended.

A temporary tan is not the only skin issue that sunlight can cause. Sun damage is the leading cause of long-term hyperpigmentation, and you can do a lot to avoid it by wearing SPF and staying out of direct sunlight. Thankfully, you can use the natural remedies listed above to restore your natural skin tone. Try them out!

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