Media ownership and the threat to Western democracy.
Western democracy is under threat. The trusted system of governance is under threat from concentrated media ownership and the influence of Rupert Murdoch’s News Corp, and the impact can be seen in countries such as the United States of America, The United Kingdom and Australia. Murdoch’s dominance of the media landscape in these countries has a strong influence on political elections, national ideology, cultural development and the opposition between personal interest and public interest.
Australia has some of the most concentrated media ownership in the world. News Corp currently owns 59% of the metropolitan and national print media markets by readership. Nine Entertainment has a combined 23% readership share.
In addition, News Corp, Nine, and Seven Media Holdings attract 80% of Australian free-to-air and subscription TV revenues. News Corp picks up 40% alone. News Corp, Nine and Southern Cross Media (and their associated entities) — control almost 90% of radio licences across the country. According to Australian activist group GetUp, “…the predominance of News Corp in cross-media settings is unprecedented in liberal democracies.”
How did this happen?
In 2017, The Australian government repealed the ‘two-out-of-three rule’, which had prevented corporations from owning media in television, radio and print. News Corp and other corporations now own media across three platforms. Meanwhile, more than $600 million was cut from the ABC over the past seven years. In the decade to 2023/24, the Coalition will have cut the national broadcaster’s budget by just over $1 billion.
News Corp influences political elections. Murdoch is credited with helping Donald Trump to victory in the 2017 US presidential election, and with driving Brexit. In Australia, Murdoch’s most notable creation is ScoMo.
ScoMo is the public persona of the recently-ousted prime minister Scott Morrison. ScoMo was created to pivot the Liberal National Party from Malcolm Turnbull, who was regarded as unpopular with blue collar and fringe voters. ScoMo deposed Turnbull as leader and was created to win the votes of the blue collar and fringe voters.
Scott Morrison grew up in the affluent Eastern Suburbs, where he attended an academically-selective high school, then university. ScoMo was a beer-swilling, rugby league loving man of the people who was photographed endlessly in the Murdoch press in high-vis and hard hats. Favourable coverage of ScoMo, and News Corp’s criticism of the opposition across television, radio and newspapers, contributed to Morrison’s victory in the ‘unwinnable’ election in 2019.
News Corp’s contribution to Morrison’s victory actually began when Morrison moved from the Eastern Suburbs to The Shire in 2007. Morrison lost the preselection ballot for the federal seat of Cook. However, local Murdoch press ran a nasty smear campaign against the winner of that ballot, and in the subsequent ballot Morrison was appointed to contest the seat of Cook.
ScoMo was also presented as an everyday Australian and is Caucasian, male, middle-aged and a devoted Christian. However, recent census statistics indicate that almost half of Australians have a parent born overseas, and that Christianity is on the decline in Australia. In this way, News Corp and the pro-ScoMo mainstream media cling to a false notion of true national identity, and perpetuate this erroneous image through the concentration of media ownership.
News Corp owns newspapers in every major city, in smaller cities and in regional areas, and this dominance is criticised for the impact on the ability of everyday people to access and participate in robust democratic debate.
The concentration of mainstream media ownership and its impact on society prompted the largest e-petition in Australia’s parliamentary history. The 2020 petition, initiated by former Labor prime minister Kevin Rudd, called for a parliamentary inquiry into the state of media diversity, independence and reliability in Australia. It collected more than 500,000 signatures from everyday Australians. Rudd was also concerned about Nine Entertainment taking over Fairfax publications such as The Sydney Morning Herald and The Age.
News Corp has also been heavily criticised for its coverage of many contentious social issues, including climate change and COVID-19.
Australia has the highest per-capita carbon footprint of any nation on earth, but News Corp coverage has been found to question the climate crisis. A 2020 report labelled Lies, Debates, and Silences: How News Corp produces climate scepticism in Australia (Wendy Bacon, Arunn Jegan) revealed the following statistics between April 2019 and March 2020.
45% of all News Corp climate coverage expressed scepticism in the reality of climate change. 65% of opinion pieces were sceptical towards climate science. Of the 55% of stories that accepted climate science, there was negligible reporting of the findings of climate scientists or the impacts of climate change.
At this time, Australia was living through its worst bushfire season on record.
The opposition between public and personal interest also played out in the Murdoch press in the three aforementioned countries, especially in regard to COVID-19. News Corp launched fierce campaigns to protect ‘personal liberty’ in opposition to public health measures aimed at curbing the virus and saving lives. Specifically, News Corp outlets argued for governments to prematurely lift lockdowns, calling the measures ‘health fascism’. Commentators also disputed the expertise of epidemiologists and public health experts, and spread misleading and unproven theories on how to respond to COVID-19, such as “herd immunity”.
Highly concentrated media ownership represents a threat to democracy in countries such as the USA, The UK and Australia. The primary threat to diverse opinions comes from Rupert Murdoch’s News Corp, which is proven to influence political elections, divide public and private interests, and threaten social cohesion.
By Kieran Blake
Umar Nisar was born and raised in the busy city of Abbottabad. As a journalist, Umar Nisar has contributed to many online publications including PAK Today and the Huffing Post. In regards to academics, Umar Nisar earned a degree in business from the Abbottabad UST, Havelian. Umar Nisar follows the money and covers all aspects of emerging tech here at The Hear Up.
10 Reasons You Need to Try an Adult Oil
If you’re someone who is looking for an effective and natural way to improve the overall health and appearance of your skin, consider trying an adult oil. Adult oils are becoming increasingly popular in the world of skincare because of their ability to hydrate, nourish, and protect the skin deeply.
Made with a variety of natural and organic ingredients, adult oils offer a range of health benefits that can help reduce the signs of aging, improve skin texture, and brighten your complexion. This article will discuss the health benefits of using adult oil and ten reasons you should consider adding an adult oil to your skincare routine. So, if you’re curious about the health benefits of using an adult oil, keep reading to learn more.
Adult oils are formulated to provide deep hydration, making them an excellent option for people with dry or mature skin.
Hydration plays a crucial role in maintaining healthy and youthful skin, making adult oils a popular choice for those seeking a glowing complexion. Formulated specifically to address the needs of dry or mature skin, these oils penetrate deeply, ensuring that every layer of the dermis is provided with intense moisturization.
The nourishing components of adult oils not only quench the thirst of parched skin but also serve to smooth out fine lines and enhance elasticity. In a world where we’re constantly battling external factors that can strip our skin of its natural moisture, incorporating adult oils into our daily skincare routine can truly make a difference, promoting well-nourished, vibrant, and supple skin that defies the test of time.
Adult oils contain a variety of nourishing ingredients like vitamins, antioxidants, and essential fatty acids that can help improve the overall health and appearance of your skin.
Nourishment in the form of adult oils can work wonders for your skin, as these elixirs are infused with a powerful blend of vitamins, antioxidants, and essential fatty acids. By integrating these oils into your daily skincare routine, you are taking a step towards enhancing your skin’s overall health and appearance.
The natural vitamins contained in these oils can revitalize and rejuvenate your complexion, while antioxidants work tirelessly to shield your skin from the detrimental effects of environmental aggressors such as pollution and free radicals. Moreover, the essential fatty acids found in adult oils play a crucial role in maintaining your skin’s lipid barrier, thus ensuring optimal hydration and suppleness.
Ultimately, incorporating adult oils into more research your skincare regimen can result in more research and in a radiant, nourished, and youthful complexion that oozes confidence and charm.
Many adult oils contain ingredients that are known to help reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, making them a great addition to any anti-aging skincare routine.
The pursuit of youthful and radiant skin has driven countless individuals to explore various skincare products and treatments, which can often be overwhelming. However, adult oils have recently gained popularity due to their potent anti-aging effects.
Enriched with natural ingredients, these oils work by minimizing the visibility of fine lines and wrinkles, thereby promoting a more youthful appearance. Integrating adult oils into one’s daily skincare routine can provide a plethora of benefits, such as enhanced hydration, improved elasticity, and increased skin cell regeneration.
Overall, embracing these rejuvenating oils can significantly elevate and transform one’s anti-aging regimen, leading to healthier, more vibrant skin that defies time.
Improved skin texture:
Using an adult oil regularly can help improve the texture of your skin, making it look smoother and more even.
The journey towards achieving radiant and healthy skin is ever-evolving, and the incorporation of an adult oil in your daily skincare routine can work wonders in delivering noticeable improvements to your skin texture. The consistent use of a high-quality adult oil can aid in rejuvenating your skin’s appearance, giving it a smoother and more even complexion.
By penetrating deep into the layers of your skin, these oils provide essential nutrients and hydration necessary for maintaining your skin’s elasticity and natural suppleness. Moreover, the use of adult oils can also help combat various skin concerns like blemishes, uneven pigmentation, and fine lines, resulting in a youthful and glowing canvas. So why not embrace the power of adult oils as you move forward on your quest for radiant and healthier skin?
Adult oils often contain anti-inflammatory ingredients like chamomile or lavender, which can help calm and soothe irritated skin.
Reduced inflammation is essential to maintaining healthy skin and overall physical well-being, which is why adult oils containing anti-inflammatory ingredients like chamomile or lavender have gained increasing popularity in recent times. These oils, teeming with soothing properties, not only bring a profound sense of relaxation and tranquillity but are also efficient in alleviating irritated skin concerns.
Incorporating these natural ingredients into one’s skincare routine can help combat the discomfort caused by inflammation, paving the way for a radiant and healthy complexion. Furthermore, the calming scent of chamomile and lavender enhances the experience, transforming it into a therapeutic ritual that nurtures both the body and the soul.
With regular use, an adult oil can help improve your skin’s elasticity, making it look more youthful and firm.
In the pursuit of ageless beauty and vibrant skin, increased elasticity is a key factor that should never be overlooked. Regular application of a high-quality adult oil can do wonders for enhancing not only the appearance but also the overall health of your skin.
The delightful rejuvenating effects of the oil work on a cellular level to support and strengthen the skin’s natural structure, resulting in a more youthful, firm, and supple complexion. With consistent and dedicated use, the oil meticulously rejuvenates the skin and restores its elasticity, bringing back the tightness and radiance you might have thought was lost forever.
So why not experience the magic of adult oil in your daily skincare routine, and marvel at the incredible transformation of your skin into a vision of youthful exuberance?
Adult oils can help brighten your complexion by reducing the appearance of dark spots and hyperpigmentation.
A brighter complexion is something that many people aspire to achieve, and the use of adult oils can play a vital role in attaining this coveted result. The incorporation of these oils into your skincare routine can work wonders in reducing the appearance of dark spots and hyperpigmentation, resulting in an even, radiant skin tone.
These oils possess the ability to nourish the skin and improve cell turnover, which in turn leads to the gradual reduction of unwanted pigmentation. As you continue on this journey towards a more luminous complexion, the confidence boost provided by the transformation could be genuinely life-changing. Give these adult oils a try and experience the benefits of brighter skin for yourself.
Improved skin barrier function:
The natural oils found in adult oil can help improve your skin’s barrier function, which can help protect it from environmental stressors.
A key aspect of maintaining healthy skin lies in its ability to retain moisture and shield itself from environmental stressors. Improved skin barrier function plays a pivotal role in achieving this skin vitality. One often overlooked component that aids in enhancing your skin’s barrier function is the presence of natural oils within adult skin.
These oils serve as a protective layer, acting as a shield from harmful external elements while assisting in moisture retention. By incorporating the right balance of natural oils in your skincare routine, you can boost your skin’s resiliency to irritants and pollutants, reducing redness, inflammation, and premature aging signs.
This ultimately leads to a more radiant, supple, and youthful appearance, allowing you to face the world with confidence and grace.
Natural and organic ingredients:
Many adult oils are made with natural and organic ingredients, making them a safer and more eco-friendly option than conventional skincare products.
In today’s world, the demand for skincare products made with natural and organic ingredients is on the rise, as more and more people become aware of the immense benefits they offer. Adult oils, in particular, have made a significant impact in the industry, as they are created with a focus on safer and more sustainable ingredients than those found in conventional products.
By incorporating elements derived from nature, such as plant extracts, essential oils, and nutrient-rich botanicals, these adult oils provide users with an opportunity to nourish and protect their skin without exposing it to harmful chemicals or synthetic additives. Consequently, making a conscious choice to use products with natural and organic ingredients and essential oil not only promotes healthier skin but also, takes a step towards a more natural treatment eco-friendly and responsible lifestyle.
Adult oils can be used in a variety of ways, for example, including as a moisturizer, serum, or even a hair treatment, making them a versatile addition to your skincare routine.
The all-encompassing nature of adult oils bestows upon them an irreplaceable position in one’s skincare arsenal. With an array of uses spanning from a deeply nourishing moisturizer to an effective serum, these oils with ingredients such as extra virgin olive oil, coconut oil or fish oil cater to a multitude of skincare needs, making self-care a delightful experience.
In addition to revitalizing the skin, adult oils with tea tree oil can work wonders as a hair treatment, promoting luscious locks that reflect one’s well-groomed appearance. Introducing this versatile component into your skincare routine paves the way for smooth, radiant skin, and gorgeous hair, proving that versatility extends beyond just adaptation but also encompasses multifaceted benefits for a holistic approach to personal care.
In conclusion, using an adult oil can be a game-changer when it comes to improving the health and appearance of your skin. With their deep hydration, nourishing ingredients, and anti-aging benefits, adult oils are a natural and effective way to address a variety of skincare concerns.
From reducing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles to improving skin texture and brightening your complexion, there are countless reasons to try an adult oil. So, if you’re looking for a safe, natural, and versatile addition to your skincare routine, try an adult oil and see the results for yourself.
Frequently Asked Questions
1. What are the benefits of applying oil to the body?
Glistening with vitality, the art of applying oil to the body has been revered for centuries for its countless benefits. Dating back to ancient civilizations, this soothing ritual is lauded as a sacred practice that nourishes the skin, rejuvenates the senses, and nurtures overall well-being.
Delving into the myriad advantages, we unveil how the act of anointing the body with oil can lead to incredibly soft, supple skin, as it locks in moisture and protects the skin’s natural barrier. Furthermore, the stimulating experience of massaging the oil deep into the body can help strengthen muscles and improve blood circulation, fostering a sense of relaxation and tranquility beyond the physical realm.
Regular application of soothing essential oils imbued with invigorating fragrances, such as lavender or eucalyptus, can also provide relief from mental stress and anxiety, acting as a holistic companion in our pursuit of serenity. Beyond the purely physical and emotional advantages, the time-honored practice of applying essential oil alone to the body is a true testament to the essence of self-care, paving the path towards a harmonious and healthier existence.
2. Is it okay to apply oil on body everyday?
The practice of applying oil on the body daily, often referred to as “abhyanga” in Ayurvedic medicine, has been used for centuries to promote overall wellness, maintain a healthy, glowing skin, help with blood pressure and help acne prone skin. The benefits of incorporating oil massage into your daily routine go beyond just superficial beauty; it can also positively impact your physical and mental well-being with just a few drops.
Applying oil on the body everyday aids in nourishing and revitalizing the skin cells, improving blood circulation, helps in hair growth and offering a sense of relaxation and stress relief. Moreover, regular oil application can provide a protective barrier on sensitive skin, locking in moisture and preventing dryness. It serves as an alternative and complementary medicine.
However, it’s important to choose the right oil for your skin type and ensure that you’re not using too much, as over-application can lead to clogged pores and breakouts. Good oils include sunflower oil, jojoba, and vitamin e oil. As long as you find the right balance for your skin’s needs and listen to your body, applying oil daily can be a valuable addition to your self-care regimen.
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