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Dengue: Causes, Symptoms, Prevention

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Dengue: Causes, Symptoms, Prevention

Dengue

Dengue fever is caused by mosquito bites. Dengue fever is most common in tropical or subtropical regions because mosquitoes reproduce easily in these areas. Countless cases of dengue fever are affected in India every year.

So far, there is no vaccine against dengue fever, but medical researchers are working hard to develop a reliable vaccine. The best way to escape dengue fever is to prevent mosquitoes from breeding in or around you.

Causes:

There are four types of known dengue virus transmitted from mosquito bites. When a person infected with dengue is bitten by a mosquito and then another person is bitten by an infected mosquito, the virus enters his/her body through the blood. Once you recover from dengue fever, you can be immune to a specific virus that has affected you, but you are still vulnerable to the other three viruses, which increase the risk of severe dengue fever.

Mosquitoes that cause the spread of dengue fever have been found near human habitats, and they reproduce rapidly under tropical conditions.

Young children or people who have never been infected with the dengue virus usually have milder symptoms than those who have been infected. However, there is always a risk of severe symptoms.

Symptom:

When you are infected with dengue fever, symptoms usually occur 4 to 7 days after being bitten by an infected mosquito. The known symptoms of dengue fever may be as follows:

  • headache
  • fever
  • Vomiting
  • eye pain
  • Rash on the skin
  • nausea
  • Body pain
  • Muscle or joint pain

The above symptoms occur in the case of mild dengue fever, and patients usually recover within 7-14 days.

Although dengue fever can aggravate the disease and may even be fatal, the patient should be intensively monitored due to vascular leakage and decreased platelet counts in the blood. If left untreated, dengue hemorrhagic fever can lead to death. The symptoms of this condition are:

  • Severe abdominal pain
  • Vomiting
  • Bleeding gums
  • Blood in the stool or urine
  • Difficulty breathing
  • fatigue
  • Tired

If the patient has severe symptoms, it is recommended to go to the emergency room of the hospital as soon as possible.

Prevention

  • Prevent water stagnation

The stagnant water provides the best place for mosquitoes to reproduce and reproduce. Check if there is no water in your plants, garden, or tires

  • Best to stay indoors

If dengue fever is spread in your area, please avoid playing outdoors or taking unnecessary risks; until night, the mosquitoes that cause dengue fever are most active. Best to stay in a place with air conditioning

  • Wear full sleeves

Wear full-sleeve clothing to protect your skin from mosquito bites. Cover yourself with long sleeves, pants, and shoes

  • Use insect repellent

There are various mosquito repellents on the market. You can use them on clothes, at home, and even on your skin

  • Avoid going to areas prone to dengue fever

Don’t go to places where dengue fever is the rampant, poor condition or lack of hygiene

  • Avoid being bitten by mosquitoes

As there is currently no specific treatment, the best way to prevent dengue fever is to avoid being bitten by mosquitoes

  • Ensure clean

Check your surroundings regularly to ensure that there are no mosquitoes in or around your house

The doctors at AMRI Hospitals emphasize preventive techniques, all our hospitals are equipped with emergency services, and believe that there is no time to delay.

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The impact on painkillers on your gut

Bobby Jansson

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The impact on painkillers on your gut

Alongside food, oxygen, water, painkillers are also a staple for living nowadays. We have to battle stress-induced headaches, sports-injuries, awful toothaches, infections and whatnot in the daily routine. With old age, things become even worse. Painkillers, on the other hand, bring the much-needed relief in life.

However, with pros comes cons. Painkillers are, after all, medicines and hence they too carry with them side effects that have implications for health in general and gut in particular. The problem starts when painkillers are overly relied upon and consumed in large quantities. Moderate usage and following the dosage guidelines make the painkillers safe to use.

Type of painkiller is important too!

The impact on the body is determined by the type of painkiller chosen. Different types have different potencies and strengths, which then determines the impact on the body as well. The stronger they are, the graver is the impact of their overindulgence on the gut. Following are some commonly used painkillers and their effect on the stomach:

Acetaminophen:

Commonly known as Tylenol, Paracetamol, Panadol etc., this painkiller is perhaps the most frequently used. This over-the-counter painkiller is also present in some of the cold medicines, that too, can sneak into the daily regimen, leading to overconsumption.

 The perhaps most profound impact of acetaminophen is on the liver. It is amongst the leading causes of liver failure and toxicity. Common symptoms of this condition include vomiting or nausea with swelling and tenderness in the liver. It is imperative for people who liberally take this painkiller and experience these symptoms to visit a liver expert like Prof. Dr. Altaf Alam for timely intervention.

Moreover, in large doses, it can also lead to nausea and stomach cramps as well.

Opioid analgesics:

Opioid analgesics are not an OTC drug. Being a prescriptive painkiller, the chances of its abuse are less, but its impact is severe even when taken within the required dosage. Used for chronic pain management, many people are even unable to complete their regimen, such severe is the impact. It leads Opioid-induced bowl dysfunction that gravely impacts the gastrointestinal health.

The symptoms of OIBD include nausea, vomiting, reflux and bloating. It also decreases the rate of digestion, leading to discomfort. But the most profound impact is constipation. Hard stools get extremely painful to pass. Incomplete evacuation also causes further problems.

NSAIDS:

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are aimed at pain relief and also decreasing inflammation as well. It is very frequently used due to its anti-inflammatory properties as well. It’s different types with different repercussion for the body.

Aspirin

Aspirin comes with a lot of long-term side effects for the gut, and health in general, if and when taken in large quantities. It leads to bleeding in the stomach. Aspirin also leads to the formation of ulcers in the stomach.

Ulcers are the sores in the lining of the stomach. NSAIDS leads to the stripping away of the protective mucosal layer of the stomach. Acid then is able to attack the stomach tissue, leading to the formation of ‘holes’ in the lining.

Although ulcers are easy to treat, undetected ulcers can be dangerous. Moreover, ulcers also lead to a lot of pain and discomfort. Symptoms of this condition includes perpetual stomachache, decrease in appetite, weight loss, heart burn, nausea, bloating etc.

Ibuprofen

Although, Ibuprofen is better than aspirin as it leaves the body quicker, nonetheless, long-term ibuprofen usage also leads to health issues. It causes stomachache, ulcer, acidity, vomiting and nausea.

Naproxen

Another NSAID with implications for gut health is naproxen. It is available both as OTC and prescription pill. Its side effects include indigestion, heartburn, stomachache, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea.

It can also lead to inflammation in pancreas, which leads to fever alongside stomachache and digestion issues. Naproxen can also lead to gastric ulcers.

Minimizing the danger

Living with pain is not easy and so painkillers are a necessary evil in most of the cases. Some helpful steps can be done to minimize the dire impact of their consumption on the stomach.

Always take as little as possible; do not always resort to painkillers. If the pain is tolerable or if you are eating painkillers to preempt the pain, change this habit. Moreover, it is important that you take them only and as long as the pain persists.

When taking any medicine, be watchful of the impact on your health, in case there is some reaction that aggravates the health. Also, be mindful of which medicines you are taking, in case they too, pack some painkiller, leading to the risk of overdosage.

Combination of painkiller is also important. Do not eat NSAIDS in combination, take them with an acetaminophen if need be, but don’t eat multiple NSAIDS at the same time. When you eat NSAIDs and other high-potency pain killers, take them with food so that stomach suffers as little as possible.

Most importantly, take painkillers at the discretion of the doctor. If you are suffering from bodily aches etc., visit a credible doctor like Assist. Prof. Dr. Mujahid Israr for help with pain management rather than chugging back painkillers like candy!

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HEALTH

How long do succulents live?

Umar Nisar

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How long do succulents live

It is a tough question because succulents are so diverse. There are thousands of different varieties with their own needs and habits. As a gardener, it is important to know the plants about their life span, how fast they grow, and what they need in terms of sun, water, pots, soil, and the like.

Lifespan of succulents

There are many plants with unknown ages, simply because they haven’t been observed in nature long enough. Here are a few succulents with known life spans:

Jade Plant (70-100 years), Hens and Chicks (3+ years),  Aloe Vera (5-25 years), Barrel Cactus (Centuries), Living Stones  (40-50 years),  Christmas Cactus  (30+ years). You can buy succulents online.

Some succulent plants have factors at play that drastically affect how long they live. For example, many hybrids, such as Echeveria Perle von Nurnberg, have short lifespans. Some succulents don’t live long but grow offsets to replace themselves. The main plant only lives around 3-4 years but sends out lots of offsets in a lifetime.

Aeonium kiwi is a monocarpic plant that dies after flowering. Depending on how fast the succulent matures, it may live for many years before it blooms. If the succulent begins to flower,  the best thing to  do is take some cuttings for propagation. It carries the generation forward. 

Growing condition of succulents

Succulents are typically slow growers. That doesn’t mean their growth is all the same, though. The majority of succulents cycle between dormancy and a growing season each year. Plant dormancy is very similar to hibernation in animals. During a certain season, succulents go into survival mode to make it through extreme weather conditions. They slow or stop their growth in order to conserve energy. Because of this, succulents usually don’t need as much water or sun while dormant. The growing season is when succulents get to work. This is when they’ll form new leaves, send out offsets, and flower. Succulents typically appreciate extra water, sunlight, and even fertilizer during this time.

Succulents native to the Northern Hemisphere usually go dormant during the winter and grow in the spring and summer. On the other hand, native southern plants typically shut down when it’s hot outdoors in the summer. Plenty of sunlight is needed. However, most species cannot tolerate direct sun. Indirect or bright, filtered light is usually the best. If it doesn’t receive enough sunlight, the plant may begin to fade.

The soil must be well-draining. There are many specialty succulent and cactus mixes that are perfect. A mix can be prepared by mixing one part potting soil with one part perlite. If the mix retains too much water, the roots will begin to rot. Fertilizer depends on the variety of  the succulent. Some appreciate multiple doses a year while others don’t need it at all. Plants that do need fertilizing usually prefer one that’s balanced or low nitrogen.

Keeping pests and diseases well away from the plants is crucial. Knowing the signs for common succulent pests such as mealybugs, aphids, and scale insects. Diseases are usually rare in succulents, but nearly all are prone to root rot. Prevent this by watering properly and keeping the stem and leaves dry.

It should be remembered that these care tips are general and vary from plant to plant. For the best instructions, it is better to know the succulent’s specific needs. Proper care definitely will be beneficial for the succulents. To really extend their life span though, the following things are to be done:

Keeping a consistent watering schedule, Using good quality soil, repotting into new pots as needed, acclimatization of succulents when moving them to a new location, taking good care of the roots, Propagation of plants so that it can live on through its descendants. 

A new succulent should be known very correctly, as its care can make a huge difference. So learning about that plant, track its progress. The succulent is dependent on its grower to a great extent as it can not speak out about its requirements.

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The risks of dental implant procedures

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The risks of dental implant procedures

Dental implant

Dental implants in common are replacement tooth roots; that is indeed metal cylinders composed of titanium rightly placed in the jawbone where teeth are missing. Implants offer a powerful foundation for fixed or extractable replacement teeth solely devised to properly match your original teeth.

  • Dental implant surgery has undoubtedly become a current treatment in dentistry and is usually known for its secure surgical procedure. However, there are many potential complications associated with this procedure that should be unignored. Many of the complications can be sorted out easily; however, in a few specific cases, they can result in dental implant failure, even life-threatening situations.

The risks of dental implant procedures:

If you’re considering a dental implant, then you should have some personal knowledge about the dental implant itself to typically get a more precise understanding of the possible risks of the dental implant procedure. Risks include:

1. Injury to adjacent teeth

During the procedure to place a dental implant in the jaw, few neighboring anatomic structures are often harmed due to unknown causes. This injured adjacent tooth may result in the tooth to become non-vital, and the tooth may demand endodontic treatment. This can eventually result in implant failure.

2. Infection

Infection is a significant complication of dental implantation. It develops from the plaque on all sides of the implant and its top; the plaque attaches firmly to the implant’s irregular surface making its removal impossible. Infection can not only take place in the troubled region but can also prevail in other areas of the body, leading to systemic infection. This in turn can result in implant failure. People should take care of their dental implants to minimize the possible risk of infection. Most infections after implant results from a patient’s social habits and way of life. 

3. Mal-positioned dental implants

Poorly placed dental implants cause numerous problems. The implant should be ideally positioned about the three dimensions dictated by the position of the last restoration and not by the availability of bone. A wrongly positioned dental implant can cause cosmetic issues, hygiene complications, chewing problems, and remarkable longevity. There are a lot of professional dentists are available in the world. You can also find some best dentists online such as Dentist Hong Kong.

4. Nerve or tissue damage

One more possible but rare complication is harm to the tissue around the implant, particularly the nerves. Sometimes, a dental surgeon may unintentionally put a dental implant too close to a nerve. This can result in constant dullness, shivering, pain in your original teeth, gums, lips, or chin. Among all the implant procedures carried out each year, almost 1% of them led to nerve injuries.  Inadequate planning is the cause of many implant-related nerve injuries. Proper imaging and pre-procedural evaluation can minimize the risk of nerve damage. The nerve damage could be short-term or permanent, and the implant might need to be eliminated.

5. Bone loss around dental implants

Bone loss around dental implants represents an irreparable process that initiates gum recession and eventually disclosure of the implant surface. It happens when the bone maintaining the implant is lost. Bone loss can also cause the formation of black triangles among teeth, which are not aesthetically attractive and increase the trouble of sustaining clean teeth. The best treatment you can find the best dentist near you in your city or country like dental implants hk.

6. Loose dental implants

A loose dental implant is a chief symptom of poor healing and mal-adaptation into the bone. Typically, the dental implant naturally goes through a healing process over almost three to six months during with it merges with the bone (osseointegration). If the implant is loose, it means it has lost integration with the bone and is no longer in contact with it. Some problems can arise instantly after placement or during the recovery time period, while others can become obvious years after :

  • Inadequate stability
  • Insufficient amount of bone
  • Defective design of the implant
  • Imperfect surgical tactic during placement
  • Overheating during the process

7.Sinus Problems

Sinuses can be a great challenge for dental implants replacing teeth in the upper row. If the implant projects into the sinus cavity, the area can become severely inflamed, causing swelling of the sinuses.  Some potential symptoms of sinusitis are pain, tenderness, or inflammation on all sides of the cheeks, eyes.  An X-ray or MRI or CT scan can clearly recognize this problem and curative surgery can then be performed to get rid of this problem.

Other Risks & Causes of Failure

The following are some other complications of the dental implant for patients to consider before going for a dental implant.

  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Physical damage
  •  Foreign body rejection
  • Allergic reaction

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