Commonly identified as a disease of modern life, cancer has accompanied and threatened man since ancient times. Attempts to defeat it largely shaped the history of human and scientific progress (and failures) in the face of disease. From early Egyptian and Greek physicians to aseptic genetics labs, through medieval operations, Victorian operating rooms, the discovery of anesthesia and X-rays, the monumental and award-winning volume.
The Emperor of All Evils by oncologist Siddartha Mukherjee, is a sensitive and intelligent approach to the history of this disease today crossed by marketing, media, laboratory businesses, to which the United States came to declare war on and which we are only now beginning to understand.
In 2010, some 600,000 Americans, and more than 7 million people worldwide died of cancer. In the United States, one in three women and one in two men will develop cancer during their lifetime. A quarter of American deaths, and about 15 percent of all deaths in the world, will be attributed to him. ” These overwhelming numbers are the gateway to one of the 2011 publishing successes.
Winner of the Pulitzer and The Guardian’s First Book Award, nominated for the National Book Critics Circle Award and Top 10 of the year by a critical spectrum as broad as The The New York Times, Time magazine and Oprah Winfrey, The Emperor of All Evils is presented as nothing more and nothing less than the official biography of cancer.
Written between 5 and 15 minutes per day (what was left of free time to its now-famous author, but then respected and young full-time oncologist, more father of the family, Siddartha Mukherjee), the book has almost 700 pages and got contract when his deed went roughly in half. Of course, with Monday’s newspaper, the first thing you think is that it is incredible that the editors have not dueled for publishing it. But the truth is that its author ran into rather mixed thoughts where caution prevailed. “The responses were bipolar.
Or they would say, ‘No one is going to read about cancer,’ or, ‘How could this book not have been written before.’ ” What they all definitely agreed on was that cancer frightens, which only fueled the enthusiasm of its author. “For me, that was the wrong answer. If people are afraid, it is the main reason to speak, “he said emphatically, rounding up his ambitious project.
BRIEF HISTORY OF A LONG FIGHT
It was from the first autopsy that Galen’s theories began to collapse. There was no black bile but an organism to discover. The study of anatomy took up the idea of surgical ablation of cancer, inaugurating an entire stage as prolific as it was bloody, recently alleviated by the discovery of anesthesia in 1846. “Anesthesia and antisepsis were combined technological advances that liberated surgery from its medieval chrysalis.
Armed with ether and carbon dioxide, a new generation of surgeons undertook terribly complex anatomical procedures. ” The adventurous first oncologists managed to remove some tumors from the body, but they could not prevent cancer from growing again sooner or later. Again and again “they went back to the operating table and cut,
The therapeutic frenzy to end the evil crab had its greatest exponent in William Halsted: a cocaine-addicted doctor who invented a radical mastectomy in the late 1800s. Empty the women’s body as much as possible (removing glands, muscles, even rib bones) in order to achieve total remissions and, in many cases, where it was not necessary to operate, with the sinister intention of bending their character.
The surgeries were quite a spectacle. The 1900s inaugurated the era of celebrity medical “trustworthy” who operated to the delight of witnesses as privileged as they were intrigued. “The operating room was for them a theater of operations and surgery, an elaborate performance, often witnessed by a silent audience watching from a skylight above the theater.”
Dazzled by their own brilliance, they could not even see yet the failure of the brutal operation. It was that no matter how much they removed, cancer returned or was already waiting, crouched, in some other organ.
Around the same time, in a different setting, a series of coincidences gave rise to the discoveries of X-rays, radio, and finally, eureka, the crazy idea that this new form of energy might be useful for all this. It was a young man of twenty-one, Emil Grubbe, who on instinct made the first successful test: “Grubbe began to bombard Rose Lee, an older woman affected with breast cancer, by means of an improvised X-ray tube ( …) He irradiated it for 18 days.
Although painful, the treatment had some success. ” Gruebbe immediately followed up with other patients, all with the same result: the tumors were shrinking. At the beginning of the 20th century “a new branch of cancer medicine was born, radiation oncology.”
Hamza Fazal is a reporter for The Hear UP. After graduating from the University of Abbottabad, Hamza got an internship at the NPR and worked as a reporter and producer. Hamza has also worked as a reporter for the Medium. Hamza covers health and science for The Hear UP.
NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF LONG NAILS
No doubt, keeping long nails is part of beauty and fashion, but it has a lot of negative effects that can cause serious health problems.
Long nails harbor many germs and microorganisms which can lead to infections.
We use our hands to carry out many activities and also make contact with many contaminated materials. Carrying out these various activities with long nails can make them contaminated and in the long run these same contaminated nails always find their way to the mouth. As a result , transferring infections to our body can be severe and life threatening (https://besttoenailfungustreatments.com/).
Aside from these health problems, long nails can cause self-inflicted injuries.
Now, let’s take a look at some of the negative effects of long nails.
Many fungi and bacteria hide under long dirty nails, this fungus and bacteria are responsible for nail infections which can as well lead to other health problems.
Fungus infection might not show any symptoms at the early stage while bacteria can show signs like swelling, discoloration and pains in the nail.
Fungus infection can easily be treated by over-the-counter antifungals.
If you experience severe and rare symptoms of infection, seek medical attention from your doctor or dermatologist.
WEAK IMMUNE SYSTEM
Yes, you’re surprised?. And wondering how long nails weaken the immune system?.
Long nails house many germs and microbes that cause many diseases like influenza, cold and many other common diseases to our body.
Now imagine you are getting these diseases periodically and your immune system needs to fight these diseases too.
Due to the immune system repeatedly fighting these diseases, it makes them weak in the long run.
So if you don’t want to weaken your immune system, then you should probably trim your nails and keep them clean.
One of the major negative effects of keeping long nails is self-inflicted injuries. Have you ever cut your face with your long fingernails? Or cut yourself while trying to do dishes?.
The effect of this could be very severe especially if the nails are sharp.
However, aside from injuring yourself, you can also inflict injuries to your friends while playing with them.
In order to save yourself from injuries or causing harm to your loved one due to the long nail, you should probably trim it and smoothen the edge with a fine file.
IT MAKES YOU NON FUNCTIONAL
Long nails sometimes can make you non-functional, have you ever struggled to button up a shirt or find it difficult to send short messages due to your long nails?
Imagine you need to send a sms to save yourself from an emergency situation and long nails hindered you from sending the sms.
However, keeping long nails can strain your hand when you are doing activities like typing.
Nail biting tends to occur when you keep a long nail, of course you often bite a long nail more.
Nail biting is also known as onychophagia. It is the act of biting your nails.
Having Short nails reduces the tendency of nail biting.
So if you must keep long nails, ensure to always wash your hands and remove dirt under your nails regularly.
Saad Mushtaq was born and raised in the busy city of Abbottabad. As a journalist, Saad Mushtaq has contributed to many online publications including the PAK Today and the Huffing Post. In regards to academics, Saad Mushtaq earned a degree in business from the Abbottabad UST, Havelian. Saad Mushtaq follows the money and covers all aspects of emerging tech here at The Hear Up.Thanks
Getting the Most from Your SARMs Supplement
Are you trying to build muscle in the gym? Having a solid training regime and eating the right foods will help give you the boost you need, but there are ways to push things along faster.
We’re talking about using a SARMs supplement. It’s a steroid alternative that can help bodybuilders drop fat and get the results they’re looking for.
There are a few things you should know if you want to get the most out of your SARMs. If you don’t go into it with a plan or take it at the right time, it could do more harm than good. Keep reading to learn more.
Create a Plan
It’s difficult to stick to bodybuilding unless you have some kind of plan in place. A SARMs supplement can help you as long as you keep up with your regular training.
That doesn’t mean you should go harder with your regimen. You’ll hurt yourself without getting anything out of it.
If you want to boost muscle growth, you’ll eat a balanced diet. You’ll need the nutrients to replenish the energy you use up while you’re in the gym.
You’ve got to commit to the SARMs cycle schedule that you put in place. Don’t start with it if you don’t have the time on your hands.
Choose the Best Time to Take Your SARMs
Speaking of time, you’ve got to choose an optimal moment during the day to get your dose. Believe it or not, you shouldn’t use SARMs right before you hit the gym.
It’s best to take ostarine early in the morning or right after your workout at the same time every day.
Stay On Top of Your Health
You shouldn’t only monitor your muscle growth when you’re using SARMs. You’ve got to stay on top of your overall health.
These supplements tend to affect everyone differently. If you begin to notice any negative changes with your body, you’ll need to talk to your regular physician right away.
Finding Your Dosage
Finding the right SARMs dosage can be sort of tricky because it varies from person to person. How much you take will depend a lot on your medical history and age.
Most packages of ostarine have dosing instructions on the container you can use as a frame of reference.
If you don’t trust the packaging, you can always talk to your doctor before you buy SARMs. They’ll sit down with you and help you come up with a dosing schedule that will work best for your body.
Get Results From Your SARMs Supplement
Taking a SARMs supplement can help you get the most out of your gym visits and build muscle. Before you pick up a container of ostarine, you’ll need to come up with a dosing plan.
If you don’t know where to begin, your doctor can help you out. From there, it’s all a matter of monitoring your health and keeping up with your training.
For more tips that will help you stay fit, visit the Health section of our blog.
Khalil ur Rehman is a proud born and raised in Abbottabad. Khalil has worked as a journalist for nearly a decade having contributed to several large publications including the Yahoo News and The Verge. As a journalist for The Hear Up, Khalil covers climate and science news. [email protected]
Early Arthritis Symptoms You Should Never Overlook
It is common to feel joint pain occasionally, particularly if you are active and engage in high-impact activities like running. That achy sensation can be caused by injured muscles, tendons, and ligaments surrounding the joint, as well as tendonitis, a sprain, or a strain. If you begin to experience aching, pain, and stiffness regularly, especially if the pain is right at the joint, you may be developing Germantown arthritis. According to the CDC, arthritis is a leading cause of disability in the United States, affecting approximately 58.5 million people. Below are the signs to look out for with arthritis.
- Grating sound or feeling: Grinding or grating as a joint movement is an indication that your joint’s cartilage has worn down and can imply arthritis. It is most frequent in the knee and hip, but it can also impact other joints.
- Stiffness in the joints, mainly in the morning: Stiffness can occur due to prolonged sitting, activity, or when you first wake up. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is defined by morning stiffness that can last more than 30 minutes.
- Joint pains: A primary symptom of arthritis is pain or aching in a joint that worsens over time. The pain could be stimulated by activity or occur at the end of a long day.
- Swelling and tenderness in the joints: As arthritis progresses, joints can become swollen and tender. When you apply pressure on the joint, it may hurt.
Types of arthritis
Arthritis is characterized by tenderness and swelling in one or more joints, which usually worsens with age. The most prevalent kinds of arthritis are rheumatoid and osteoarthritis.
Osteoarthritis is classified by the breakdown of cartilage, the hard, slippery tissue that covers the ends of bones where they meet to form a joint. Osteoarthritis is frequently more painful in weight-bearing joints like the knee, hip, and spine. However, joints that are heavily used in work or sports, or joints that have been injured, may display symptoms of osteoarthritis. Spurs, which are bone growths, commonly form at the edges of osteoarthritic joints. The bone can harden over time (sclerosis). Pain and swelling are caused by joint inflammation.
Rheumatoid arthritis is a condition in which the immune system attacks the joints, starting with the joint lining. The body’s immune system, which usually protects it, starts producing substances that attack it. The joint lining swells in rheumatoid arthritis, invading surrounding tissues. Rheumatoid arthritis can affect the body’s large and small joints, as well as the spine. Pain, swelling, and stiffness usually develop even when the joint is not used. In some cases, juvenile arthritis can cause symptoms similar to those in adults.
Arthritis is detected by carefully examining symptoms and performing a physical examination. X-rays are necessary to determine the magnitude of any joint damage. Like magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), advanced imaging is occasionally used to detect arthritis. Blood tests and laboratory tests may help identify the type of arthritis. The fluid from the joint must be analyzed to determine whether it is crystalline or septic arthritis.
Most kinds of arthritis are currently incurable. Researchers are making progress in determining the underlying causes of the significant types of arthritis. Call Doctors First or schedule your consultation online to learn more about arthritis.
Umar Nisar was born and raised in the busy city of Abbottabad. As a journalist, Umar Nisar has contributed to many online publications including PAK Today and the Huffing Post. In regards to academics, Umar Nisar earned a degree in business from the Abbottabad UST, Havelian. Umar Nisar follows the money and covers all aspects of emerging tech here at The Hear Up.
Amin Homaei The Iranian Composer Pianist and Musician
NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF LONG NAILS
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