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Brief history of cancer

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Brief history of cancer

Commonly identified as a disease of modern life, cancer has accompanied and threatened man since ancient times. Attempts to defeat it largely shaped the history of human and scientific progress (and failures) in the face of disease. From early Egyptian and Greek physicians to aseptic genetics labs, through medieval operations, Victorian operating rooms, the discovery of anesthesia and X-rays, the monumental and award-winning volume.

The Emperor of All Evils by oncologist Siddartha Mukherjee, is a sensitive and intelligent approach to the history of this disease today crossed by marketing, media, laboratory businesses, to which the United States came to declare war on and which we are only now beginning to understand.

In 2010, some 600,000 Americans, and more than 7 million people worldwide died of cancer. In the United States, one in three women and one in two men will develop cancer during their lifetime. A quarter of American deaths, and about 15 percent of all deaths in the world, will be attributed to him. ” These overwhelming numbers are the gateway to one of the 2011 publishing successes.

Winner of the Pulitzer and The Guardian’s First Book Award, nominated for the National Book Critics Circle Award and Top 10 of the year by a critical spectrum as broad as The The New York Times, Time magazine and Oprah Winfrey, The Emperor of All Evils is presented as nothing more and nothing less than the official biography of cancer.

Written between 5 and 15 minutes per day (what was left of free time to its now-famous author, but then respected and young full-time oncologist, more father of the family, Siddartha Mukherjee), the book has almost 700 pages and got contract when his deed went roughly in half. Of course, with Monday’s newspaper, the first thing you think is that it is incredible that the editors have not dueled for publishing it. But the truth is that its author ran into rather mixed thoughts where caution prevailed. “The responses were bipolar.

Or they would say, ‘No one is going to read about cancer,’ or, ‘How could this book not have been written before.’ ” What they all definitely agreed on was that cancer frightens, which only fueled the enthusiasm of its author. “For me, that was the wrong answer. If people are afraid, it is the main reason to speak, “he said emphatically, rounding up his ambitious project.

BRIEF HISTORY OF A LONG FIGHT

It was from the first autopsy that Galen’s theories began to collapse. There was no black bile but an organism to discover. The study of anatomy took up the idea of ​​surgical ablation of cancer, inaugurating an entire stage as prolific as it was bloody, recently alleviated by the discovery of anesthesia in 1846. “Anesthesia and antisepsis were combined technological advances that liberated surgery from its medieval chrysalis.

Armed with ether and carbon dioxide, a new generation of surgeons undertook terribly complex anatomical procedures. ” The adventurous first oncologists managed to remove some tumors from the body, but they could not prevent cancer from growing again sooner or later. Again and again “they went back to the operating table and cut,

The therapeutic frenzy to end the evil crab had its greatest exponent in William Halsted: a cocaine-addicted doctor who invented a radical mastectomy in the late 1800s. Empty the women’s body as much as possible (removing glands, muscles, even rib bones) in order to achieve total remissions and, in many cases, where it was not necessary to operate, with the sinister intention of bending their character.

The surgeries were quite a spectacle. The 1900s inaugurated the era of celebrity medical “trustworthy” who operated to the delight of witnesses as privileged as they were intrigued. “The operating room was for them a theater of operations and surgery, an elaborate performance, often witnessed by a silent audience watching from a skylight above the theater.”

Dazzled by their own brilliance, they could not even see yet the failure of the brutal operation. It was that no matter how much they removed, cancer returned or was already waiting, crouched, in some other organ.

Around the same time, in a different setting, a series of coincidences gave rise to the discoveries of X-rays, radio, and finally, eureka, the crazy idea that this new form of energy might be useful for all this. It was a young man of twenty-one, Emil Grubbe, who on instinct made the first successful test: “Grubbe began to bombard Rose Lee, an older woman affected with breast cancer, by means of an improvised X-ray tube ( …) He irradiated it for 18 days.

Although painful, the treatment had some success. ” Gruebbe immediately followed up with other patients, all with the same result: the tumors were shrinking. At the beginning of the 20th century “a new branch of cancer medicine was born, radiation oncology.”

HEALTH

Advanced Anti-wrinkle Retinol Serum

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Advanced Anti-wrinkle Retinol Serum

Retinol care: what’s more?

Retinol is a derivative of vitamin A. It visibly reduces wrinkles, firms the skin, and fights acne. Praised by cosmetic brands and then criticized because of its irritant action, it remains the star of anti-aging treatments. Focus on retinol care and their benefits for the skin.

Retinol, what is it?

The retinol has emerged in the 1990s, carried by the RoC Laboratory, a specialist in anti-aging.

Concretely, retinol is a derivative of vitamin A, just like retinaldehyde and retinoic acid, which we will also talk about because their properties are almost similar.

These three forms of vitamin A have incomparable anti-aging and anti-acne properties. And for good reason, they are “the active ingredients whose effectiveness in cosmetology has been the most studied and proven over time”, specifies Catherine Raimbault, President of the Aesthetic Dermatology group and corrective of the French Society of Dermatology. 

After having known its heyday, retinol has been criticized for being considered too irritating. In reality, it is retinoic acid, which is only available on prescription, that is. Retinol and retinaldehyde are much less so, which is why they are used in cosmetics.

Remember that in all cases, it depends on the dosage.

Retinol, the best anti-wrinkle on the market?

Concretely, retinol has an exfoliating effect that smooths the texture of the skin and gives radiance, an antioxidant effect and it regulates the melanocytes responsible for brown spots. It also stimulates the production of collagen and elastin for plump and firm skin and increases the level of hyaluronic acid.

Retinol is ranked at the top of anti-wrinkle retinol serum treatments

In summary, retinol is very complete: it acts on the epidermis and dermis. In short, a real miracle remedy for perfect skin. “For us health professionals, retinol is ranked at the top of anti-wrinkle treatments  “, confirms Doctor Catherine Raimbault.

The acetic skins, thick and/or fatty prefer retinoic acid. Indeed, it has an even more covering action: it stimulates fibroblasts (cells which ensure the suppleness and elasticity of the skin), the synthesis of collagen, and angiogenesis (a process of growth of new blood vessels for an effect “looking good “). 

It also improves cell regeneration and it regulates melanin synthesis for a blemish-free complexion. And above all, it acts as an exfoliant. Its action refines the upper layer of the epidermis, which promotes the unclogging of pores and reduces the visibility of acne scars.

How to choose your retinol treatment?

In summary, if you have very marked wrinkles, acne, thick or oily skin, it is better to consult a dermatologist and turn to retinoic acid care.

  If you want to act in the prevention of wrinkles or if you have dry or thin skin, prefer retinol treatments found in pharmacies or drugstores.

In any case, for the active ingredient to be sufficiently effective, “it is better to favor treatments which concentrate between 0.3 and 1% of retinol and between 0.025 and 0.5% of retinoic acid”, specifies Doctor Catherine Raimbault.

The dermatologist also warns: “the skin may peel at the beginning: it is about normal desquamation. Indeed, dead cells will come off more easily thanks to the exfoliating and regenerating action of vitamin A”. We must therefore let the skin adapt.

If irritations occur or persist, especially with retinoic acid treatment, it is possible to adjust the dosage, especially at the beginning. For example, apply the cream every other day for two weeks and then every day once the skin is used to it.

On the other hand, irritation with retinol care purchased without a prescription are rare since cosmetic manufacturers include other active ingredients in their preparations, such as hydrating hyaluronic acid or vitamin C which stabilizes vitamin A. 

Apply your retinol care properly

For a reinforced action, it is necessary to put its treatment with retinol in the evening. Indeed, light degrades this asset.

To have an ultra-effective anti-wrinkle treatment, Doctor Catherine Raimbault, therefore, recommends using a treatment enriched in vitamin C. in the morning. “It is a very good anti-aging. It neutralizes the free radicals generated by UV rays”. And in the evening, make way for a retinol-based treatment.

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HEALTH

What is Skin Care? 10 Effective Skin Care Techniques

Umar Nisar

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Effective Skin Care Techniques

Do you love your skin? The truth is that; Everyone wants to have a healthy and radiant skin and to love their skin. However, as we are exposed to external factors and age progresses, our skin becomes worn, stained and changed. Although you cannot prevent aging, you can apply practical skin care tips to make it look younger and healthier.

What is Skin Care?

It is a skin care routine that should be applied daily and consists of 3 simple steps such as “cleansing the skin, using face tonic and moisturizing the skin”. Any of these should not be left missing. When you follow the steps sequentially and regularly, you maximize the level of combating skin aging.

Take Vitamin 1

Body health should be the most important thing. Healthy body; it means a healthy skin and healthy mind. Vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin E and vitamin K are among the most essential vitamins for your skin. The easiest way to take vitamins is through a healthy diet. In addition, by getting sunlight, you can meet your vitamin D needs. You can increase your vitamin C intake by squeezing lemon into the water you drink. You can increase the consumption of green leafy vegetables such as spinach and red forest fruits. Use vitamins to prevent aging and always try to eat a healthy diet.

2. Nourish and Moisturize Your Skin

While you nourish your body, you must also nourish your skin. You should definitely use care products suitable for your skin. When purchasing skin care products, you should definitely read the moisturizing cream content and choose natural products. You can use water-based or oil-based care cream according to your skin type and keep it moist. Dry skin is one of the most important reasons to look older. For this reason, you should not let it dry. You can also use a facial moisturizer every day and a skin care mask once a week. For very dry skin, it can be moisturizing oil-based. As your skin is nourished, it will not age.

3.Don’t Skip Skin Cleansing

The cleaning routine is the most important step. Regularly, you must clean your skin thoroughly at the end of each day. If you make up, you should start with a makeup remover and then cleanse your skin with your routine skin cleansing product. You can clean it again in the morning with a lighter product. By changing the cover of your pillow frequently, you can take a big leap forward in hygiene.

4. Sleep Well

Sleep is a very important step in regenerating your skin and is actually one of the main factors of aging. You should sleep at least 7-8 hours every day. The longer the sleep time, the longer the repair time. Our skin is our largest organ and, like any other, it can cause disruptions. Like our internal organs, our skin also needs regeneration. Sleep well so that your skin has the opportunity to regenerate.

5.The Use of Face Tonic Should Not Be Skip

After cleansing your skin, you should use a toner for enlarged pores. The pores enlarged by the effect of the cleanser will tighten with the use of tonic. So it gets less dirty and your skin stays younger. In addition, the tonic can remove residue that the cleanser cannot take.

6. Take a Bath with Warm Water

Dry skin is one of the causes of wrinkles. You should lower the temperature of the water, especially if you spend a long time in the bath and wash with very hot water. If you cannot wash with lukewarm water, you should moisturize your entire skin after bathing. For sensitive skin, the use of hot water is not recommended.

7. Make a Peeling

When you clean the dead skin from your skin, it starts to breathe and heal. Dead skin prevents your skin from breathing. You can peel at least once a week, but you should not use peeling for the eye area. You can also try new recipes for natural peeling. You can scrub your skin once a week with coffee grounds, sea salt, granulated sugar, oatmeal or rice flour.

8. Move

Regular sports such as yoga, dance or rhythmic running will help you maintain skin health. General body health can also help your skin, your biggest organ, to be healthy. You can stay vigorous in general with a holistic approach.

9 Take Seasonal Changes Seriously

In very hot weather, you should use a moisturizer containing sunscreen, and in very cold weather, you should choose a moisturizer to protect your skin against dryness. In addition, you should moisturize your hands, which we do not care about the most and that are badly damaged, with sun-protected hand cream. Regardless of the temperature of the weather, keep your lip balm and hand cream with you.

10. Drink Lots of Water

Regular sleep, moisturizer, peeling, facial tonic and vitamin use are okay, but do you drink water? Drinking water helps cleanse all your organs, including your skin. Moisturized and cleansed skin shines with health.

The maintenance recommendations mentioned above, if you adopt and implement; It can reduce problems such as aging effects, sagging, acne formation and color irregularities. Regular use of anti-aging care products after a certain age; it can eliminate all problems in the long run.

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HEALTH

Best Diet Plan for Losing Weight

Umar Nisar

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Best Diet Plan for Losing Weight

Just in the case that you have to hear this: You don’t have to get more fit. Not to be cheerful. Not to become hopelessly enamored. Not to land the position you had always wanted. In the event that you need to lose weight to get more beneficial? There are many weight loss diet available on internet. Fantastic. Simply realize that body size isn’t the end-all, be-all of deciding your wellbeing. Feeling better and dealing with your body is the objective—and that can resemble various things.

However, in the event that you need to roll out some solid improvements to your eating regimen or in the event that you need to lose some fat, focusing on an eating routine arrangement can truly help.

Here is the diet for lose weight effectively

1. Drink a lot of water

Individuals once in a while mistake hunger for hunger. You can wind up burning-through additional calories when a glass of water is truly what you need.

2. Try not to skip breakfast

Skipping breakfast won’t assist you with getting more fit. You could pass up basic supplements and you may wind up nibbling more for the duration of the day since you feel hungry.

3. Regular Eat meals

Eating at customary occasions during the day helps consume calories at a quicker rate. It likewise decreases the compulsion to nibble on nourishments high in fat and sugar.

4. Peruse food names

Realizing how to peruse food names can assist you in picking more beneficial choices. Utilize the calorie data to work out how a specific food finds a way into your everyday calorie stipend on the weight-reduction plan.

5. Eat a lot of vegetables and fruit

Vegetables and fruit are low in calories and fat, and high in fiber – 3 basic elements for effective weight reduction. They additionally contain a lot of nutrients and minerals.

6. Plan your meal

Attempt to design your morning meal, lunch, supper, and snacks for the week, ensuring you adhere to your calorie remittance. You may think that it’s supportive to make a week after week shopping list.

7. Be more active

Being active is vital to getting more fit and keeping it off. Just as giving heaps of medical advantages, exercise can help consume off the overabundance calories you can’t lose weight through eating routine alone.

Discover an action you appreciate and can find a way into your daily practice.

8. Eat high fiber nourishments

Food containing heaps of fiber can help keep you feeling full, which is ideal for getting thinner. Fiber is just found in food from plants, for example, products of the soil, oats, wholegrain bread, earthy colored rice and pasta, and beans, peas, and lentils.

9. Utilize a smaller plate

Utilizing smaller plates can assist you with eating more modest parts. By utilizing more modest plates and bowls, you might have the option to slowly become accustomed to eating more modest segments without going hungry. It takes around 20 minutes for the stomach to tell the cerebrum it’s full, so eat gradually and quit eating before you feel full.

10. Cut down on alcohol

A standard glass of wine can contain the same number of calories as a bit of chocolate. After some time, drinking an excessive amount of can undoubtedly add to weight gain.

11. Try not to boycott food

Try not to forbid any nourishments from your weight-reduction plan, particularly the ones you like. Forbidding nourishments will just cause you to desire them more. There’s no explanation you can’t appreciate a periodic treat as long as you remain inside your day by day calorie remittance.

12. Try not to stock junk food

To evade enticement, don’t stock lousy nourishment –, for example, chocolate, rolls, crisps, and sweet bubbly beverages – at home. Rather, select sound bites, for example, natural product, unsalted rice cakes, oatcakes, unsalted or unsweetened popcorn, and organic product juice.

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