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Advanced cancer treatment

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Advanced cancer treatment

Advanced cancer that cannot be cured can often be treated. The physical symptoms it causes can almost always be controlled. The goal of treatment should be clear at any stage of cancer. You should know if the goal is to cure cancer, slow its growth, and help you live longer, or ease its symptoms. Sometimes this can be confusing because some of the treatments used to cure cancer can also be used to slow its growth or ease symptoms.

This is a summary of the common treatments used for advanced cancer.

Treatment decisions

Treatment options for advanced cancer depend on where cancer started and how far it has spread. As a general rule, cancer that has spread will require systemic therapy such as chemotherapy or hormone therapy. Systemic therapy is a treatment that is administered orally or administered in the blood to reach cancer cells throughout the body. Still, they may also be needed to help prevent or alleviate certain symptoms.

Some people believe that there is nothing left to do if cancer cannot be cured and therefore discontinue all treatment. However, radiation, chemotherapy (and other medications), surgery, and other treatments can often slow cancer growth and help control symptoms. Also, relieving symptoms such as pain, constipation, upset stomach, and vomiting can help you feel better. You can almost always do something to help maintain or improve your quality of life.

The goal of any cancer care is to provide you with the best quality of life possible. You will want to feel as good as possible for as long as possible. This is a very personal matter. Talk to your team of cancer professionals about what’s important to you. Tell them what you want to be able to continue doing. You have the right to make decisions about your treatment planning.

Some people may want to continue cancer treatments for as long as there is a chance that they will be helpful. Other people may decide that the side effects or other problems caused by aggressive cancer treatments outweigh the possible benefits. Therefore, they may no longer want to undergo this type of treatment. This may be difficult for some of your loved ones to accept, but you have the right to make this decision. It often helps to include loved ones in making these difficult decisions. Either way, you must make the decisions that are the best and most realistic for you and your situation.

Surgery for advanced cancer

Surgery is not often used to treat advanced cancer, although it can be helpful in some cases

Surgery to relieve symptoms and improve your life

Surgery can help you feel better and be more active. It can help you live longer, even if cancer has spread too far to be cured. For example, sometimes cancer can block (block) the intestine. This can cause a lot of pain and can be dangerous if the intestine is completely blocked. Surgery may be done to bypass the obstruction or to put a tube through it so that the intestine can work again. Another option is surgery to allow the intestine to drain out of the abdomen into a bag

Surgery to stop the bleeding

Surgery can be done if the cancer is causing bleeding in the stomach, intestine, or airways. Often, the doctor will first identify the source of the bleeding with an endoscope (a thin, flexible tube with a camera inside). The endoscope can be passed through the mouth or through the rectum. (Medications are administered to the patient to help them sleep while the procedure is performed.) The doctor can stop the bleeding by burning the bleeding vessel and closing it with a tool that goes through the endoscope. If this is not possible, surgery to stop bleeding may be an option.

Another way to find a source of bleeding is by using angiography. For this test, a long, thin tube called a catheter is placed in a large artery (such as the one located in the groin) and is led into the arteries of the intestines or lungs. A dye is placed through the tube that allows the doctor to locate the blood vessel that is bleeding. Substances can often be injected through the catheter to stop bleeding.

Surgery to stop the pain

Sometimes a tumor may be pressing on a nerve, causing pain. Pain can be relieved by killing the nerve by injecting a substance, cutting the nerve, or removing the tumor.

Surgery to prevent or treat broken bones

Cancer that spreads to the bones may be weakening them, causing fractures that tend to heal very poorly. If a bone appears weak in an imaging study, surgery may be done to place a supporting metal rod into it to help prevent a fracture. Most often, this is done on the thigh bone. If the bone is already fractured, surgery can ease pain and help a person become more active.

Surgery to treat cancer that compresses the spinal cord

If a tumor is compressing the spinal cord, this can lead to loss of control and muscle function below the tumor level, and sometimes to paralysis. Surgery may need to be done to remove the tumor and stabilize the bones in the spine so that the person can walk and continue to perform.

Ablation techniques for advanced cancer

Placing a needle or tube directly into a tumor and using heat, cold, or a chemical to destroy it is called ablation. It is most often used for cancer that has spread to the bones or liver, although it can also be used in other areas. It is usually used when only a few tumors are causing problems.

A common type of ablation, radiofrequency ablation (RFA) uses a needle that carries an electric current. The end of the needle is placed inside the tumor. Ultrasound or CT can be used to make sure the needle is in the right place. An electrical current passed through the needle heats the tumor to destroy it. RFA is usually done while the patient is under general anesthesia (fast asleep without pain).

In another type of ablation, the probe that was placed in the tumor is used to freeze it, destroying the cancer cells. Other methods could use alcohol to destroy cells or other ways to heat the tumor (such as laser-induced interstitial thermotherapy).

Radiation therapy for advanced cancer

Radiation therapy uses high-energy rays or particles to destroy cancer cells and shrink tumors. In advanced cancer, radiation therapy is often used to shrink tumors to relieve pain or other symptoms. This is called palliative radiation.

Sometimes a combination of different types of radiation is used.

Radiopharmaceuticals

Radiopharmaceuticals are a group of medicines that contain radioactive materials (such as radio-223 or strontium-89) that have been dissolved in liquids and can be administered through a vein. These travel through the blood and are carried to areas of the bone that contain cancer. The radiation released by the drugs destroys cancer cells and relieves bone pain, but does not cure cancer.

If cancer has spread to many bones, this type of treatment may work better than when using external beam radiation, which only treats a small area.

Other radiopharmaceuticals are not only attracted to the bones but can be used to treat certain types of cancer, even when they have spread to other places. For example, radioactive iodine (I-131) can be used to treat most types of advanced-stage thyroid cancer.

Medications to treat advanced cancer

The following is general information about the types of medications that can be used to treat advanced cancer. For more information about medications to treat your type of cancer, read our information on that specific type of cancer.

Chemotherapy

With chemotherapy (chemo), drugs are used to kill cancer cells. Medications are usually given intravenously or taken orally. Once the drugs enter the bloodstream, they reach the entire body. This treatment is often helpful for cancer that has spread widely. By reducing the size of cancer, symptoms can be alleviated. Even chemotherapy can prolong the life of some people with advanced cancer.

Hormonal therapy

Hormone therapy drugs block the actions of certain hormones or reduce their production. This treatment is most often used for breast and prostate cancer, although it can also be used for some other cancers.

For example, estrogen is a hormone that causes the growth of many breast cancers. Some medications can lower estrogen levels or block the effect of estrogen on breast cancer cells, which could stop their growth and even cause tumors to shrink. In the same way, male sex hormones (called androgens) cause the growth of most prostate cancers. Medications that lower androgen levels or block their effect can help stop or slow the growth of these cancers.

Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy boosts the body’s immune system or uses synthetic versions of immune system protein to kill cancer cells. There are many types of immunotherapy that are used to treat patients with advanced cancer.

Medicines to treat cancer that has spread to the bones

Some types of medications may be especially helpful if cancer has spread to the bones.

Clinical studies

Clinical trials are carefully controlled research studies conducted with patients who volunteer to participate. If you are interested in participating in a clinical trial, start by asking your doctor if clinical trials are conducted in the clinic or hospital where you work. You can also contact our clinical trial compatibility service for a list of clinical trials that meet your medical needs. This service is available by calling 1-800-303-5691.

Clinical trials are one way to access the most advanced cancer care. In some cases, they may be the only way to gain access to newer treatments. It is also the only way for doctors to learn better methods of treating cancer. However, they are not suitable for all people..

 

HEALTH

Advanced Anti-wrinkle Retinol Serum

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Advanced Anti-wrinkle Retinol Serum

Retinol care: what’s more?

Retinol is a derivative of vitamin A. It visibly reduces wrinkles, firms the skin, and fights acne. Praised by cosmetic brands and then criticized because of its irritant action, it remains the star of anti-aging treatments. Focus on retinol care and their benefits for the skin.

Retinol, what is it?

The retinol has emerged in the 1990s, carried by the RoC Laboratory, a specialist in anti-aging.

Concretely, retinol is a derivative of vitamin A, just like retinaldehyde and retinoic acid, which we will also talk about because their properties are almost similar.

These three forms of vitamin A have incomparable anti-aging and anti-acne properties. And for good reason, they are “the active ingredients whose effectiveness in cosmetology has been the most studied and proven over time”, specifies Catherine Raimbault, President of the Aesthetic Dermatology group and corrective of the French Society of Dermatology. 

After having known its heyday, retinol has been criticized for being considered too irritating. In reality, it is retinoic acid, which is only available on prescription, that is. Retinol and retinaldehyde are much less so, which is why they are used in cosmetics.

Remember that in all cases, it depends on the dosage.

Retinol, the best anti-wrinkle on the market?

Concretely, retinol has an exfoliating effect that smooths the texture of the skin and gives radiance, an antioxidant effect and it regulates the melanocytes responsible for brown spots. It also stimulates the production of collagen and elastin for plump and firm skin and increases the level of hyaluronic acid.

Retinol is ranked at the top of anti-wrinkle retinol serum treatments

In summary, retinol is very complete: it acts on the epidermis and dermis. In short, a real miracle remedy for perfect skin. “For us health professionals, retinol is ranked at the top of anti-wrinkle treatments  “, confirms Doctor Catherine Raimbault.

The acetic skins, thick and/or fatty prefer retinoic acid. Indeed, it has an even more covering action: it stimulates fibroblasts (cells which ensure the suppleness and elasticity of the skin), the synthesis of collagen, and angiogenesis (a process of growth of new blood vessels for an effect “looking good “). 

It also improves cell regeneration and it regulates melanin synthesis for a blemish-free complexion. And above all, it acts as an exfoliant. Its action refines the upper layer of the epidermis, which promotes the unclogging of pores and reduces the visibility of acne scars.

How to choose your retinol treatment?

In summary, if you have very marked wrinkles, acne, thick or oily skin, it is better to consult a dermatologist and turn to retinoic acid care.

  If you want to act in the prevention of wrinkles or if you have dry or thin skin, prefer retinol treatments found in pharmacies or drugstores.

In any case, for the active ingredient to be sufficiently effective, “it is better to favor treatments which concentrate between 0.3 and 1% of retinol and between 0.025 and 0.5% of retinoic acid”, specifies Doctor Catherine Raimbault.

The dermatologist also warns: “the skin may peel at the beginning: it is about normal desquamation. Indeed, dead cells will come off more easily thanks to the exfoliating and regenerating action of vitamin A”. We must therefore let the skin adapt.

If irritations occur or persist, especially with retinoic acid treatment, it is possible to adjust the dosage, especially at the beginning. For example, apply the cream every other day for two weeks and then every day once the skin is used to it.

On the other hand, irritation with retinol care purchased without a prescription are rare since cosmetic manufacturers include other active ingredients in their preparations, such as hydrating hyaluronic acid or vitamin C which stabilizes vitamin A. 

Apply your retinol care properly

For a reinforced action, it is necessary to put its treatment with retinol in the evening. Indeed, light degrades this asset.

To have an ultra-effective anti-wrinkle treatment, Doctor Catherine Raimbault, therefore, recommends using a treatment enriched in vitamin C. in the morning. “It is a very good anti-aging. It neutralizes the free radicals generated by UV rays”. And in the evening, make way for a retinol-based treatment.

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HEALTH

What is Skin Care? 10 Effective Skin Care Techniques

Umar Nisar

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Effective Skin Care Techniques

Do you love your skin? The truth is that; Everyone wants to have a healthy and radiant skin and to love their skin. However, as we are exposed to external factors and age progresses, our skin becomes worn, stained and changed. Although you cannot prevent aging, you can apply practical skin care tips to make it look younger and healthier.

What is Skin Care?

It is a skin care routine that should be applied daily and consists of 3 simple steps such as “cleansing the skin, using face tonic and moisturizing the skin”. Any of these should not be left missing. When you follow the steps sequentially and regularly, you maximize the level of combating skin aging.

Take Vitamin 1

Body health should be the most important thing. Healthy body; it means a healthy skin and healthy mind. Vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin E and vitamin K are among the most essential vitamins for your skin. The easiest way to take vitamins is through a healthy diet. In addition, by getting sunlight, you can meet your vitamin D needs. You can increase your vitamin C intake by squeezing lemon into the water you drink. You can increase the consumption of green leafy vegetables such as spinach and red forest fruits. Use vitamins to prevent aging and always try to eat a healthy diet.

2. Nourish and Moisturize Your Skin

While you nourish your body, you must also nourish your skin. You should definitely use care products suitable for your skin. When purchasing skin care products, you should definitely read the moisturizing cream content and choose natural products. You can use water-based or oil-based care cream according to your skin type and keep it moist. Dry skin is one of the most important reasons to look older. For this reason, you should not let it dry. You can also use a facial moisturizer every day and a skin care mask once a week. For very dry skin, it can be moisturizing oil-based. As your skin is nourished, it will not age.

3.Don’t Skip Skin Cleansing

The cleaning routine is the most important step. Regularly, you must clean your skin thoroughly at the end of each day. If you make up, you should start with a makeup remover and then cleanse your skin with your routine skin cleansing product. You can clean it again in the morning with a lighter product. By changing the cover of your pillow frequently, you can take a big leap forward in hygiene.

4. Sleep Well

Sleep is a very important step in regenerating your skin and is actually one of the main factors of aging. You should sleep at least 7-8 hours every day. The longer the sleep time, the longer the repair time. Our skin is our largest organ and, like any other, it can cause disruptions. Like our internal organs, our skin also needs regeneration. Sleep well so that your skin has the opportunity to regenerate.

5.The Use of Face Tonic Should Not Be Skip

After cleansing your skin, you should use a toner for enlarged pores. The pores enlarged by the effect of the cleanser will tighten with the use of tonic. So it gets less dirty and your skin stays younger. In addition, the tonic can remove residue that the cleanser cannot take.

6. Take a Bath with Warm Water

Dry skin is one of the causes of wrinkles. You should lower the temperature of the water, especially if you spend a long time in the bath and wash with very hot water. If you cannot wash with lukewarm water, you should moisturize your entire skin after bathing. For sensitive skin, the use of hot water is not recommended.

7. Make a Peeling

When you clean the dead skin from your skin, it starts to breathe and heal. Dead skin prevents your skin from breathing. You can peel at least once a week, but you should not use peeling for the eye area. You can also try new recipes for natural peeling. You can scrub your skin once a week with coffee grounds, sea salt, granulated sugar, oatmeal or rice flour.

8. Move

Regular sports such as yoga, dance or rhythmic running will help you maintain skin health. General body health can also help your skin, your biggest organ, to be healthy. You can stay vigorous in general with a holistic approach.

9 Take Seasonal Changes Seriously

In very hot weather, you should use a moisturizer containing sunscreen, and in very cold weather, you should choose a moisturizer to protect your skin against dryness. In addition, you should moisturize your hands, which we do not care about the most and that are badly damaged, with sun-protected hand cream. Regardless of the temperature of the weather, keep your lip balm and hand cream with you.

10. Drink Lots of Water

Regular sleep, moisturizer, peeling, facial tonic and vitamin use are okay, but do you drink water? Drinking water helps cleanse all your organs, including your skin. Moisturized and cleansed skin shines with health.

The maintenance recommendations mentioned above, if you adopt and implement; It can reduce problems such as aging effects, sagging, acne formation and color irregularities. Regular use of anti-aging care products after a certain age; it can eliminate all problems in the long run.

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Best Diet Plan for Losing Weight

Umar Nisar

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Best Diet Plan for Losing Weight

Just in the case that you have to hear this: You don’t have to get more fit. Not to be cheerful. Not to become hopelessly enamored. Not to land the position you had always wanted. In the event that you need to lose weight to get more beneficial? There are many weight loss diet available on internet. Fantastic. Simply realize that body size isn’t the end-all, be-all of deciding your wellbeing. Feeling better and dealing with your body is the objective—and that can resemble various things.

However, in the event that you need to roll out some solid improvements to your eating regimen or in the event that you need to lose some fat, focusing on an eating routine arrangement can truly help.

Here is the diet for lose weight effectively

1. Drink a lot of water

Individuals once in a while mistake hunger for hunger. You can wind up burning-through additional calories when a glass of water is truly what you need.

2. Try not to skip breakfast

Skipping breakfast won’t assist you with getting more fit. You could pass up basic supplements and you may wind up nibbling more for the duration of the day since you feel hungry.

3. Regular Eat meals

Eating at customary occasions during the day helps consume calories at a quicker rate. It likewise decreases the compulsion to nibble on nourishments high in fat and sugar.

4. Peruse food names

Realizing how to peruse food names can assist you in picking more beneficial choices. Utilize the calorie data to work out how a specific food finds a way into your everyday calorie stipend on the weight-reduction plan.

5. Eat a lot of vegetables and fruit

Vegetables and fruit are low in calories and fat, and high in fiber – 3 basic elements for effective weight reduction. They additionally contain a lot of nutrients and minerals.

6. Plan your meal

Attempt to design your morning meal, lunch, supper, and snacks for the week, ensuring you adhere to your calorie remittance. You may think that it’s supportive to make a week after week shopping list.

7. Be more active

Being active is vital to getting more fit and keeping it off. Just as giving heaps of medical advantages, exercise can help consume off the overabundance calories you can’t lose weight through eating routine alone.

Discover an action you appreciate and can find a way into your daily practice.

8. Eat high fiber nourishments

Food containing heaps of fiber can help keep you feeling full, which is ideal for getting thinner. Fiber is just found in food from plants, for example, products of the soil, oats, wholegrain bread, earthy colored rice and pasta, and beans, peas, and lentils.

9. Utilize a smaller plate

Utilizing smaller plates can assist you with eating more modest parts. By utilizing more modest plates and bowls, you might have the option to slowly become accustomed to eating more modest segments without going hungry. It takes around 20 minutes for the stomach to tell the cerebrum it’s full, so eat gradually and quit eating before you feel full.

10. Cut down on alcohol

A standard glass of wine can contain the same number of calories as a bit of chocolate. After some time, drinking an excessive amount of can undoubtedly add to weight gain.

11. Try not to boycott food

Try not to forbid any nourishments from your weight-reduction plan, particularly the ones you like. Forbidding nourishments will just cause you to desire them more. There’s no explanation you can’t appreciate a periodic treat as long as you remain inside your day by day calorie remittance.

12. Try not to stock junk food

To evade enticement, don’t stock lousy nourishment –, for example, chocolate, rolls, crisps, and sweet bubbly beverages – at home. Rather, select sound bites, for example, natural product, unsalted rice cakes, oatcakes, unsalted or unsweetened popcorn, and organic product juice.

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