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EDUCATION

What is the Phonetic or Military Alphabet, how to learn, and how its work

Bobby Jansson

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What is the Phonetic or Military Alphabet, how to learn, and how its work

Learning the phonetic military alphabet is quite simple for anyone, just have a little willpower and willingness. The founders of the International Phonetic Association – AFI -, when they created the phonetic alphabet, thought of making a learning system accessible to many people. The interest in knowing how to pronounce the words of a certain language is the main point to start learning the international phonetic alphabet.

What is the phonetic alphabet (Military Alphabet)?

The phonetic alphabet is a set of codes, composed of symbols and letters, used everywhere in the world, so it is called international. Your goal is to know how to pronounce the words of any foreign language correctly. It can also be said that the phonetic alphabet is a system that phonetically represents written words. Therefore, to learn the international phonetic alphabet, it is enough to know which sound should be emitted in each symbol or letter. Those who do not remember having seen this alphabet can think of the letters and symbols, in square brackets, which appear right after the entries in the foreign language dictionaries. Precisely this set of symbols and letters, which seems to form a code, is the phonetic alphabet. Once you understand where this tool is used,

How to learn

As this alphabet uses letters that are known in the Portuguese language, the person who wants to use it will have to know how it sounds only from the other letters and symbols that they do not know. This information is, in general, found on the first pages of foreign language dictionaries, where an index will describe the sounds of each part of the code. In addition to the sound emitted by each letter, the phonetic alphabet makes use of symbols that define some characteristics of the word, such as intonation, for understand the military alphabet to use it will have to know just over 40 sounds, including to this number those of the Portuguese language that they should already know. In reality, the international phonetic alphabet has 107 symbols and letters to define all the sounds of the existing languages. However, in general, dictionaries use only 44 of them to make the necessary combinations. In addition, this tool has mostly symbols from the Roman alphabet or from a language originating from it. There are also, to a lesser extent, letters of the Greek alphabet and other symbols that do not necessarily belong to an alphabet. Although anyone is able to learn and use the international phonetic alphabet, for some professionals their knowledge is essential, as is the case of those who work in the areas of linguistics, speech therapy, translation and language teaching. Actors, singers and students of foreign languages are not obliged to know the alphabet. However, they can make great use of it, when they come into contact with new languages they are familiar with and, especially, if they have to pronounce words of that previously unknown language.

Creation

The phonetic alphabet appeared in Paris, in 1886 when teachers from the country and England came together in a movement that sought to facilitate the learning of foreign languages for students of regular education. For them, this knowledge would mainly make students speak other languages more naturally and would also help students who were taking their first steps in the knowledge of a new language. To this end, the group developed the phonetic alphabet. After a few years, these teachers, pioneers in the development of the phonetic alphabet, formalized their group, founding the International Phonetic Association – AFI. The entity has, until today, a series of activities and studies that it promotes. However, the phonetic alphabet is its greatest asset. Sometimes, in the history of AFI, there were revisions of the phonetic alphabet, which added or subtracted symbols and letters, always with the objective of improving the tool, and in 2005 the last revision took place. In fact, at the beginning of the work of this group of French and English teachers, there was not just one alphabet, but one for each language. In a short time, linguists realized that a uniform alphabet would be much more efficient and, thus, develop a single alphabet for all languages.

The History of the Military Alphabet

The history of the military phonetic alphabet is intertwined with the history of the first spelling alphabets, in reality, the latter seem to have their origin in the first. Experts on the subject say that, before the Second World War, there was no common phonetic alphabet for civil use, that is, only the military alphabet existed.. However, at that time, each service, such as the army, navy and aeronautics, had its own phonetic alphabet. As you can imagine, this lack of standardization caused great problems, due to the confusion that occurred when the groups communicated with each other, allied to this were the problems of interference and noise in the transmission of messages. In 1941, however, when the United States entered the war, the military realized the urgency of creating a standardized military phonetic alphabet, so that all groups could communicate with their allies in order to be successful in their goal . Even this first military alphabet, although not yet ideal, was very useful for military communications. Among some problems of this alphabet, were the difficulties of understanding several letters.

Consolidation

Parallel to this, ICAO – International Commercial Aviation Organization, which also needed a phonetic alphabet to supply its need for communication for the emerging aeronautical industry, managed to create its own phonetic alphabet. In this way, the phonetic alphabet that today is used by many civilians, but mainly by the military services, was created by ICAO and, later, adapted by ITU – International Telecommunications Organization -, responsible for the international regulations of Radiocommunications.  Since its creation and consolidation, therefore, this alphabet has been used on numerous occasions and is an essential tool for the success of today’s military and civilian transmissions. To get an idea of its importance, it is worth noting that even the communications made in FM – Modulated Frequency -, in which the audio quality is usually much superior to the others, the use of the phonetic alphabet is necessary for a better understanding of the message transmissions.

How it works

The operation of the phonetic alphabet, however, is quite simple, since it is based on words that refer to each letter of the alphabet. Thus, at the time of transmission, instead of the person responsible speaking a letter, he says the word that is attributed to the letter. The only difficulty was to find the best words to be used, as they cannot have similar sounds so that they do not confuse the recipient of the message. The military phonetic alphabet is also what is called the radiotelephone or spelling alphabet. In addition, the words he uses are practically the same as in NATO’s phonetic alphabet, which is currently the most used among all spelling alphabets. However, the numbers of the military alphabet are said in English, and some of the sounds of the numbers have similarities that can confuse, there is a need to choose ways that eliminate ambiguity. A very clear example is in relation to numbers 5 and 9, which in English are “five” and “nine”. Thus, in the military alphabet, 9 received a variation, being pronounced “niner”. The same also occurs with some letters, such as “m” and “n”. For this reason, for “m” we have the word “mike” and for “n” the word “november”. For numbers, the alphabet gives a sequence of words, the pronunciation of which is as follows: 1 – wun, 2 – too, 3 – tree, 4 – fower, 5 – fife, 6 – six, 7 – seven, 8 – ait, 9 – niner and 0 – zero. like “m” and “n”. For this reason, for “m” we have the word “mike” and for “n” the word “november”. For numbers, the alphabet gives a sequence of words, the pronunciation of which is as follows: 1 – wun, 2 – too, 3 – tree, 4 – fower, 5 – fife, 6 – six, 7 – seven, 8 – ait, 9 – niner and 0 – zero. like “m” and “n”. For this reason, for “m” we have the word “mike” and for “n” the word “november”. For numbers, the alphabet gives a sequence of words, the pronunciation of which is as follows: 1 – wun, 2 – too, 3 – tree, 4 – fower, 5 – fife, 6 – six, 7 – seven, 8 – ait, 9 – niner and 0 – zero.

When to use

Despite having its origin in the military services and, even today, it continues to be of normal use by the armed forces, nothing prevents anyone from using the phonetic alphabet when they think it necessary. Just like a telegram, the spelling alphabet will be useful when someone needs to send a short message, since the letters are not spelled, but the words are spelled. In a normal telephone conversation, the use of this alphabet can be totally useless. However, in a distress call, for example, it can save lives.

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EDUCATION

Abby the Pup Preschool Printables and Worksheets

Umar Nisar

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Abby the Pup Preschool Printables and Worksheets

Abby the Pup (www.abbythepup.com) is a new website that provides free preschool printables and worksheets to teachers and parents to help educate their children. There are over 1,000 pages of content that may be easily downloaded, printed and freely distributed. It is a charitable project that believes educating young children throughout the world is an important and worthy cause.

The Problem

There are thousands of websites that provide printables and worksheets for preschool children. Many of them are excellent. But most of them have limitations that are somewhat burdensome for users.

Many of the popular ones require you to register and charge fees for the content. Though the content is typically good, many people either cannot afford to or are unwilling to pay for it. Also, their marketing and outreach are focused on users who are willing to pay for services.

Other websites may provide free content, but they require users to register and login. Frequently, these sites are supported by advertising revenues. This is understandable, since they need the advertising revenues to support the cost of creating the content and operating the website. Unfortunately, these sites tend to be somewhat difficult to navigate, offer their content a page at a time, and have lots of ads. They are designed to maximize views and clicks.

There are hundreds of websites of organizations and businesses that offer limited free preschool content as a means to attract users to their website for another reason. They may be promoting a local preschool, selling educational materials or merchandise or providing information about their organization or business. These sites tend to have less content, and their website is really focused on promoting their organization or business.

And lastly, there are thousands of individuals, through their blogs and websites, who provide preschool content. It is a mix of fee or free. Typically, they are doing it in their spare time. These sites tend to have less content, and in many instances, are less polished than the professional ones.

What is Different about Abby the Pup?

Abby the Pup’s purpose is different than the other preschool printable and worksheet websites. Its mission is to help teachers and parents educate their children throughout the world as a charitable project. To do this, it was designed from the very beginning to be global, free and extremely easy to use.   

Free

All content is provided absolutely free. Anyone with access to the internet may download, print and freely distribute the content.

No Registration, No Login

The website requires no registration or login to access the content. We wanted people to feel comfortable using the site without providing any personal information. Our mission is to help as many teachers, parents and children throughout the world. So we do not want to add any barriers to use the website.

Safe and Commercial Free

The website is safe and commercial free. There are no fees or advertisements. It is funded by the generosity of people who want to educate and create a better world for our children.

Creative Commons Public Domain

All Abby the Pup content is under the Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication (CC0), which means that the content creators have given up their copyright and put their works into the worldwide public domain. CC0 allows re-users to distribute, remix, adapt, and build upon the material in any medium or format, with no conditions.

Extremely Easy to Use

The website has been designed to be extremely easy to use. There is 1 click access to all the content from the home page.

Fun and Interesting

The content is fun, colorful and interesting to encourage young children to learn. The feedback has been tremendous. Teachers and parents have commented that their children really enjoy learning from these printables and worksheets.

Teachers and Parents Choose

The website purposefully has a wide variety of content to explore and use. We really wanted to provide teachers and parents enough content to decide what works for their children. They know what is best for each individual child.

Global Outreach

The website is available to everyone globally. We are proud of our outreach to teachers, parents and children in developing countries. They typically have limited financial and educational resources, especially for preschoolers. So free, accessible and easy to use are important to them.

Social Good

Abby the Pup believes that quality preschool educational materials should be freely available to all children. Education helps lift children out of poverty, addresses social inequalities and provides a path to a better life. 

The Content

Abby the Pup has over 1,000 pages of free preschool printables and worksheets. The content is organized into four categories of PDF documents which may be easily downloaded, printed and shared:

Literature – Alphabet Identification, Alphabet Trace and Write, Alphabet Worksheets, Alphabet Activities, Match Letters, Sight Words, Word Recognition, Rhyming Words, Word Families, Missing Letters.

Math – Number Identification, Number Trace and Write, Number Worksheets, Number Activities, Match Numbers, Counting, Addition, Subtraction, Comparing, Ten Frame Cards, Patterns.

General Knowledge and Skills – Colors, Shapes, Color Cute Animals, Coloring for Fun, Tracing, Matching Worksheets, Matching Cards, Positions, Sizes, Dot to Dot, Cut and Paste, Draw in Frame, Puzzles and Mazes.

Classroom – Preschool Assessment, Awards, Calendar, Name Cards, Center Signs, Nursery Rhymes, Posters, The Week, Reward Cards, Science Activity Plans, Finger Puppets.

Please Visit and Share

Abby the Pup encourages the distribution and sharing of this content to help educate and improve the lives of young children all over the world.

Please visit www.abbythepup.com and share.

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EDUCATION

Working of astrology and how it is right and wrong at the same time

Umar Nisar

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Working of astrology and how it is right and wrong at the same time

The development of astrology and the importance in the field of predictions for success so not need an elongated elaboration. The study of astrology has been subjected to scepticism for the matter of perfection and accuracy. People often become curious to explore, does astrology predict things with correct accuracy? Is it just a fallacy or true? For their suspicions, all we could say, it does work but never without the endeavour towards the goal.

What exactly astrology does?

Astrology is a study that prognosticates the future possibilities of any individual based on its zodiac sign and the positioning of planetary forces in the Kundli. If you retrocede to any past to investigate, this prediction with the movements of planetary forces has some history from time immemorial. Starting from Ramayana to Mahabharata, this has been a prominent part of mythology. Therefore, study and its practice have perpetuated from all those days because it had a significant relevance by the time.

Working pattern of astrology: astrology works like science and artworks. It is a beautiful amalgamation of prevalent facts and researches. As it is clear, research is a persistent process. It has no ending and every turnaround in research is a fact to reckon. Astrology is research that gives valid outcomes at times. Most of the times some of the best astrologers in Lucknow are apt and sometimes it is just a warning for the concerned individual to get ready with the remedies.

Astrology-Right or wrong

The one thing that makes everyone mad hounds everyone is whether the prediction made by astrology is right or wrong? Firstly, it is never wrong as the world would not have accepted astrology as a study if it is a superfluous phenomenon. It is about believing and perceiving things from the perspective. Every time prediction goes correct and at the same time it does not turn out to be true. But we have a reason for that. Let us explain another approach.

Luck or fortune is like a bank locker. There should be two different keys, one in the responsibility of the authority and the second one is at the customer, both must be mutually present to open the locker. So for fortune, we have two different keys. One is the technique and another one is karma. What we used to perform is the karma and what famous astrologer in Varanasi knows is the technique. We always used to do stuff but we are not aware of the correct approach to success. This mantra is hidden and could be easily opened by astrology. It could help anyone to get the best in the future.

In the end, we could only say that the study of astrology is a constant procedure towards positivity. It does not influence people to refrain from hard work or to ask it to implement ideas of smart work.

Here is the lovely truth to hold our heart: on the day anyone was born, the star patterns overhead was truly exceptional, and all those eight planets including the moon and the sun would never occupy the same placement ever again.

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EDUCATION

The evolution of online writing services

Umar Nisar

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The evolution of online writing services

Are you struggling with your essays and homework? Make use a College homework help website today and say goodbye to your struggles. Most students are now not shying away from college homework help websites as they are proving to be a useful tool to every college student worldwide. Gone are the days such websites only used to offer assignment writing services. Nowadays the services are helping students develop their reading and writing techniques. The services are going beyond to even teach students how to write their own essays papers and assignments.  So for example if you are a sociology student you can learn about sociology research topics that you can write about in most blog segments. This will help you write a good sociology research paper. Once you start writing the paper, you can learn about different citation styles from the same services. Essay formats such as APA are regularly updated and you can learn more about such updates. Once you are done with your essay or paper and need to write an essay cover page the same websites will teach you how to write one. Editing and proofreading services are also offered by the same sites meaning you can get whatever service you need in house.

This underlines the evolution of assignment writing services. They are now merely not sources of homework help. You can use them to learn on how to be a better writer and researcher. You can use them to learn how use different writing styles and how to avoid plagiarism. Gone are the days such websites were shunned by all and sundry. They have truly revolutionized the world of academia. Most College and post College education students nowadays find themselves using such services for the sole purpose of learning. Since most learning is online nowadays, these services definitely come in handy.

A bulk of students who are using these services nowadays are doctoral students writing their dissertations. Dissertation writing services  have become hugely popular amongst doctoral students. This is because dissertations can’t be done in a day or even week. Writing a dissertation requires months.  You need to prepare both mentally and physically as it requires a lot of research. However with the evolution of custom writing services, writing a dissertation has become easier. This is not because someone can write the dissertation for you but because you will be empowered with all the knowledge required to write an award winning dissertation. This is thanks to most of these custom essay writing services. You see most of the blog segments of these services are filled with information on how to go about almost any writing task.

The question that most students ask is whether such services are legal. These services are legal, however, you must carefully read the terms and conditions. Most of the papers written aren’t meant to be submitted as the student’s original work. They are meant to be used as a guide. If a student decides to submit the paper as his/her original work then the service provide is not liable. As a student, you main objective is to study and this includes doing assignments and essays. There’s no harm in asking for help with some of those essays but when it gets to a point where you are no longer writing your own assignments then there’s a problem. This will end with you failing your exams. You need to be smart about how you go about using such services. “Do my homework for money services” shouldn’t be misused to your disadvantage as a student, so you should ensure that you are on top of things.

Custom essay writing services have greatly evolved over the past couple of years. This underscores the importance of change in our everyday life. The end result is they have become more academia friendly meaning instead of being looked at as a threat to the learning process; they should be seen as complimentary. Students shouldn’t be ashamed or afraid of using such services. As long as they are utilized effectively they will always be advantageous to the students and to the learning process as a whole.

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