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What is the Phonetic or Military Alphabet, how to learn, and how its work

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What is the Phonetic or Military Alphabet, how to learn, and how its work

Learning the phonetic military alphabet is quite simple for anyone, just have a little willpower and willingness. The founders of the International Phonetic Association – AFI -, when they created the phonetic alphabet, thought of making a learning system accessible to many people. The interest in knowing how to pronounce the words of a certain language is the main point to start learning the international phonetic alphabet.

What is the phonetic alphabet (Military Alphabet)?

The phonetic alphabet is a set of codes, composed of symbols and letters, used everywhere in the world, so it is called international. Your goal is to know how to pronounce the words of any foreign language correctly. It can also be said that the phonetic alphabet is a system that phonetically represents written words. Therefore, to learn the international phonetic alphabet, it is enough to know which sound should be emitted in each symbol or letter. Those who do not remember having seen this alphabet can think of the letters and symbols, in square brackets, which appear right after the entries in the foreign language dictionaries. Precisely this set of symbols and letters, which seems to form a code, is the phonetic alphabet. Once you understand where this tool is used,

How to learn

As this alphabet uses letters that are known in the Portuguese language, the person who wants to use it will have to know how it sounds only from the other letters and symbols that they do not know. This information is, in general, found on the first pages of foreign language dictionaries, where an index will describe the sounds of each part of the code. In addition to the sound emitted by each letter, the phonetic alphabet makes use of symbols that define some characteristics of the word, such as intonation, for understand the military alphabet to use it will have to know just over 40 sounds, including to this number those of the Portuguese language that they should already know. In reality, the international phonetic alphabet has 107 symbols and letters to define all the sounds of the existing languages. However, in general, dictionaries use only 44 of them to make the necessary combinations. In addition, this tool has mostly symbols from the Roman alphabet or from a language originating from it. There are also, to a lesser extent, letters of the Greek alphabet and other symbols that do not necessarily belong to an alphabet. Although anyone is able to learn and use the international phonetic alphabet, for some professionals their knowledge is essential, as is the case of those who work in the areas of linguistics, speech therapy, translation and language teaching. Actors, singers and students of foreign languages are not obliged to know the alphabet. However, they can make great use of it, when they come into contact with new languages they are familiar with and, especially, if they have to pronounce words of that previously unknown language.

Creation

The phonetic alphabet appeared in Paris, in 1886 when teachers from the country and England came together in a movement that sought to facilitate the learning of foreign languages for students of regular education. For them, this knowledge would mainly make students speak other languages more naturally and would also help students who were taking their first steps in the knowledge of a new language. To this end, the group developed the phonetic alphabet. After a few years, these teachers, pioneers in the development of the phonetic alphabet, formalized their group, founding the International Phonetic Association – AFI. The entity has, until today, a series of activities and studies that it promotes. However, the phonetic alphabet is its greatest asset. Sometimes, in the history of AFI, there were revisions of the phonetic alphabet, which added or subtracted symbols and letters, always with the objective of improving the tool, and in 2005 the last revision took place. In fact, at the beginning of the work of this group of French and English teachers, there was not just one alphabet, but one for each language. In a short time, linguists realized that a uniform alphabet would be much more efficient and, thus, develop a single alphabet for all languages.

The History of the Military Alphabet

The history of the military phonetic alphabet is intertwined with the history of the first spelling alphabets, in reality, the latter seem to have their origin in the first. Experts on the subject say that, before the Second World War, there was no common phonetic alphabet for civil use, that is, only the military alphabet existed.. However, at that time, each service, such as the army, navy and aeronautics, had its own phonetic alphabet. As you can imagine, this lack of standardization caused great problems, due to the confusion that occurred when the groups communicated with each other, allied to this were the problems of interference and noise in the transmission of messages. In 1941, however, when the United States entered the war, the military realized the urgency of creating a standardized military phonetic alphabet, so that all groups could communicate with their allies in order to be successful in their goal . Even this first military alphabet, although not yet ideal, was very useful for military communications. Among some problems of this alphabet, were the difficulties of understanding several letters.

Consolidation

Parallel to this, ICAO – International Commercial Aviation Organization, which also needed a phonetic alphabet to supply its need for communication for the emerging aeronautical industry, managed to create its own phonetic alphabet. In this way, the phonetic alphabet that today is used by many civilians, but mainly by the military services, was created by ICAO and, later, adapted by ITU – International Telecommunications Organization -, responsible for the international regulations of Radiocommunications.  Since its creation and consolidation, therefore, this alphabet has been used on numerous occasions and is an essential tool for the success of today’s military and civilian transmissions. To get an idea of its importance, it is worth noting that even the communications made in FM – Modulated Frequency -, in which the audio quality is usually much superior to the others, the use of the phonetic alphabet is necessary for a better understanding of the message transmissions.

How it works

The operation of the phonetic alphabet, however, is quite simple, since it is based on words that refer to each letter of the alphabet. Thus, at the time of transmission, instead of the person responsible speaking a letter, he says the word that is attributed to the letter. The only difficulty was to find the best words to be used, as they cannot have similar sounds so that they do not confuse the recipient of the message. The military phonetic alphabet is also what is called the radiotelephone or spelling alphabet. In addition, the words he uses are practically the same as in NATO’s phonetic alphabet, which is currently the most used among all spelling alphabets. However, the numbers of the military alphabet are said in English, and some of the sounds of the numbers have similarities that can confuse, there is a need to choose ways that eliminate ambiguity. A very clear example is in relation to numbers 5 and 9, which in English are “five” and “nine”. Thus, in the military alphabet, 9 received a variation, being pronounced “niner”. The same also occurs with some letters, such as “m” and “n”. For this reason, for “m” we have the word “mike” and for “n” the word “november”. For numbers, the alphabet gives a sequence of words, the pronunciation of which is as follows: 1 – wun, 2 – too, 3 – tree, 4 – fower, 5 – fife, 6 – six, 7 – seven, 8 – ait, 9 – niner and 0 – zero. like “m” and “n”. For this reason, for “m” we have the word “mike” and for “n” the word “november”. For numbers, the alphabet gives a sequence of words, the pronunciation of which is as follows: 1 – wun, 2 – too, 3 – tree, 4 – fower, 5 – fife, 6 – six, 7 – seven, 8 – ait, 9 – niner and 0 – zero. like “m” and “n”. For this reason, for “m” we have the word “mike” and for “n” the word “november”. For numbers, the alphabet gives a sequence of words, the pronunciation of which is as follows: 1 – wun, 2 – too, 3 – tree, 4 – fower, 5 – fife, 6 – six, 7 – seven, 8 – ait, 9 – niner and 0 – zero.

When to use

Despite having its origin in the military services and, even today, it continues to be of normal use by the armed forces, nothing prevents anyone from using the phonetic alphabet when they think it necessary. Just like a telegram, the spelling alphabet will be useful when someone needs to send a short message, since the letters are not spelled, but the words are spelled. In a normal telephone conversation, the use of this alphabet can be totally useless. However, in a distress call, for example, it can save lives.

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EDUCATION

Students Receive Money for their Student Loan Debt

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Students Receive Money for their Student Loan Debt

Pursuing higher education is the dream of every student, but only a few of them achieve their goal, while the rest are left behind under the pressure of debt. No matter what career you choose, you need loans to finance your education, as a part-time job is not enough to pay the high tuition fee.

Randa Taha, the rising Tiktok star and current Miss Supreme America, brought this problem to light after a video to help students get out of loans went viral. She decided to launch a campaign where students get help from ordinary people to pay off their debts.

The amount of debt can range from $6,000 to $100,000, including interest. So far, more than 1,000 students have registered on the www.FreeMyLoans.com forum, where they have provided information about their university, the amount of debt they owe, and their means of payment. The campaign has gone viral, and students have received as little as $50, while some students have received over $300 via their cash app, Venmo or PayPal.

Whether you are a student who has student loan debt, or a donor looking to help students, don’t hesitate to participate in this campaign. We have not set a donation amount; you are all free to help with the amount you can handle because we believe that “every dollar counts.”

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EDUCATION

Top Educational Toys for 2-3 Years Old Kids

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Top Educational Toys for 2-3 Years Old Kids

How to choose educational toys and a list of educational toys for 2 to 3 year olds kids and many more? There has been an increasing trend in educational toys during the previous decade. With a host of online and physical options on the market, it’s challenging for parents to find the right toys for their children. They must be picked in the light of the child’s age and interest. Present items that enhance your presentation skills and promote independent learning. It should be low-tech and able to concentrate and improve alongside its fine motor abilities. Wonderlearns the best preschool online classes in India for kids the toy should be safe for the usage of the children and should stimulate growth by playing.

1. Magnetic & Writing Board

A magnetic writing board is a fantastic combination of fun and educational support. It invites the youngster to play with the colorful letters and it is fascinated by the magnetic board. It’s long-lasting and also features a whiteboard. Now you may purchase magnetic slates (like these) on your budget, magnetic boards, or magnetic stables (like these).

2. Colouring MATs for Kids 

Nobody needs to explain the enthusiasm for colors and paints. This mat is both a pleasure for parents and children. It’s also reusable and washable. For a while, the child can be left alone. Good value for money. Good value for money. Enhances focus and inventiveness.

3. Classic Wooden Toy

Abacus is a terrific toy and educational tool for bringing your youngster into the number and counting world. The beads of wood are vivid and appealing. Improves a child’s logical reasoning. Learn to recognize and count numbers. A good toy to keep the kid out of devices.

4. Colour And Shapes Sorter

This Color and Shape sorter is another useful toy preschool online classes India that has been quite helpful in educating your youngster interestingly about forms and colors. It keeps the youngster busy for a few hours and the child can play alone after a little coaching. It boosts the ability to discriminate visually. Develops coordination hand-to-eye. Can be played to keep the child interested in different ways.

5. Mini Puzzle Foam Mat for Kids

This colorful foam mat is essential for all children. I mean children love them. Children love them. It is also used as a construction block. Can be used as a jigsaw. It is created from non-toxic substances and is also antifreeze. It improves the interest of a youngster to learn alphabets and numbers. Helps develop fine engine skills.

6. Play dough pack for kids

Play dough is another children’s educational toys for 2 to 3 year olds. Usually, I receive this brand and colorful little playdough tubes. This playdough set is available in various sizes. This box has twelve color tubes. Let the child discover his originality. It strengthens the muscles of his hands and fingers. Rest assured of his decisions and work.

7. My First Animal Sticker Book: Exciting Sticker Book With 100 Stickers

This book features 100 plus colorfully drawn stickers to enjoy the basics while learning. Colorful stickers increase the learning experience of your child and help them develop their creativity and fine motor abilities

Conclusion

Educational toys are both entertaining and educational toys. Research demonstrates that playing learning is a crucial aspect of a child’s development. Educational toys for 2 to 3 year olds involve the youngster longer and stimulate the brain. The lessons given through preschool online classes inIndiaeducational toys last a lifetime and offer the child a start in life. You never know what could ignite the interest of your child. The perfect educational toy could only begin your child’s lifetime love or career.

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EDUCATION

Top 10 Coloring Pages for Preschool Kids

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Top 10 Coloring Pages for Preschool Kids

Free Printable for Preschool coloring pages is a fun way for kids of all ages to develop creativity, focus, motor skills, and color recognition. Come and have fun with the top 10 printable coloring pages suitable for toddlers, preschool, kindergarten, and early elementary kids.

Color by number is a simple coloring page for early kids, they choose numbers and colors easily. You can choose a lot of favorites and follow the numbers to bring them to life. Preschool kids totally love using the color key to guide them in their work. This activity will also help them review the names of the colors.

  • Coloring with Shapes

Shapes and patterns coloring pages to print, color, or make easy crafts suitable for preschool and kindergarten. They are helpful for children’s cognitive development and are great practice for basic geometry… All kinds of shapes make up the things we see every day.

  • Coloring Pages of Alphabet and Number

The preschool kids often learn Alphabet and Number in the early days. The alphabet coloring sheet is a good way to introduce your preschool children to the letters of the alphabet. And it helps your child to learn to count the numbers? Number coloring sheet will give him a fun way to do it.

  • Dot-To-Dot Coloring Pages

Dot to Dot printable is so easy coloring pages for preschool children. Dot to dot worksheets is great tools for children who are learning to count or read the alphabet. Use a dot to dot worksheets to learn, practice, and have fun with a lot of helpful topics.


Pikachu Dot to Dot
  • Flower Coloring Pages

The flower theme is loved mostly by girls, it helps kids to discover the beauties of nature: Rose, Sunflower, Lily and other beautiful flowers give them chance to play with colors. The free and printable coloring sheets look ready to get drenched with vibrant and radiant hues.

  • Princess Coloring Pages

Princess is widely depicted in fairy tales and defined as a woman who is the daughter of a king or queen. Princess coloring pages are one of the most favorite activities for kids of all ages, especially for preschool girls. You have the chance to travel through the world of beauty with so many popular princesses such as Cinderella, Rapunzel, Elsa, Princess Ariel, Mermaid, Barbie, Descendants, Moana, Jasmine, …

  • Animal Coloring Pages

Animal coloring pages are often for preschool, kindergarten, and elementary school children to print and color. Children have a chance to learn animal names, shapes, and their featured colors. Some of the popular animal coloring pages are Lion, Monkey, Giraffe, Bird, Elephant, Dinosaur, Cow, Cat, …

  • Vehicles Coloring Pages

Transportation vehicles play an important role in society, so kids should learn them clearly. They learn all types of vehicles, know their shapes look like, search their parts and some basic function also. Finally, they can find favorite and suitable colors for coloring pages to print.

Pokémon is a series of Japanese video games published by Nintendo. Pokemon coloring pages are widely loved and searched by kids of all ages. You have a chance to travel through a fantasy world of hundreds of Pokemon characters: Pikachu, Eevee, Charizard, Chamelon … If you are a fan of Pokemon, you’ve got a ton of free coloring pages for you ready to enjoy. 

  • Disney Coloring Pages

A collection of coloring pages from various cartoons including Disney and vintage 80s shows. The Disney coloring pages are easy to print, and they will give your child a chance to get creative. Your kids can find a lot of characters such as Donald Duck, Doraemon, SpongeBob, Looney Tunes, Superman, …

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