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EDUCATION

What is the Phonetic or Military Alphabet, how to learn, and how its work

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What is the Phonetic or Military Alphabet, how to learn, and how its work

Learning the phonetic military alphabet is quite simple for anyone, just have a little willpower and willingness. The founders of the International Phonetic Association – AFI -, when they created the phonetic alphabet, thought of making a learning system accessible to many people. The interest in knowing how to pronounce the words of a certain language is the main point to start learning the international phonetic alphabet.

What is the phonetic alphabet (Military Alphabet)?

The phonetic alphabet is a set of codes, composed of symbols and letters, used everywhere in the world, so it is called international. Your goal is to know how to pronounce the words of any foreign language correctly. It can also be said that the phonetic alphabet is a system that phonetically represents written words. Therefore, to learn the international phonetic alphabet, it is enough to know which sound should be emitted in each symbol or letter. Those who do not remember having seen this alphabet can think of the letters and symbols, in square brackets, which appear right after the entries in the foreign language dictionaries. Precisely this set of symbols and letters, which seems to form a code, is the phonetic alphabet. Once you understand where this tool is used,

How to learn

As this alphabet uses letters that are known in the Portuguese language, the person who wants to use it will have to know how it sounds only from the other letters and symbols that they do not know. This information is, in general, found on the first pages of foreign language dictionaries, where an index will describe the sounds of each part of the code. In addition to the sound emitted by each letter, the phonetic alphabet makes use of symbols that define some characteristics of the word, such as intonation, for understand the military alphabet to use it will have to know just over 40 sounds, including to this number those of the Portuguese language that they should already know. In reality, the international phonetic alphabet has 107 symbols and letters to define all the sounds of the existing languages. However, in general, dictionaries use only 44 of them to make the necessary combinations. In addition, this tool has mostly symbols from the Roman alphabet or from a language originating from it. There are also, to a lesser extent, letters of the Greek alphabet and other symbols that do not necessarily belong to an alphabet. Although anyone is able to learn and use the international phonetic alphabet, for some professionals their knowledge is essential, as is the case of those who work in the areas of linguistics, speech therapy, translation and language teaching. Actors, singers and students of foreign languages are not obliged to know the alphabet. However, they can make great use of it, when they come into contact with new languages they are familiar with and, especially, if they have to pronounce words of that previously unknown language.

Creation

The phonetic alphabet appeared in Paris, in 1886 when teachers from the country and England came together in a movement that sought to facilitate the learning of foreign languages for students of regular education. For them, this knowledge would mainly make students speak other languages more naturally and would also help students who were taking their first steps in the knowledge of a new language. To this end, the group developed the phonetic alphabet. After a few years, these teachers, pioneers in the development of the phonetic alphabet, formalized their group, founding the International Phonetic Association – AFI. The entity has, until today, a series of activities and studies that it promotes. However, the phonetic alphabet is its greatest asset. Sometimes, in the history of AFI, there were revisions of the phonetic alphabet, which added or subtracted symbols and letters, always with the objective of improving the tool, and in 2005 the last revision took place. In fact, at the beginning of the work of this group of French and English teachers, there was not just one alphabet, but one for each language. In a short time, linguists realized that a uniform alphabet would be much more efficient and, thus, develop a single alphabet for all languages.

The History of the Military Alphabet

The history of the military phonetic alphabet is intertwined with the history of the first spelling alphabets, in reality, the latter seem to have their origin in the first. Experts on the subject say that, before the Second World War, there was no common phonetic alphabet for civil use, that is, only the military alphabet existed.. However, at that time, each service, such as the army, navy and aeronautics, had its own phonetic alphabet. As you can imagine, this lack of standardization caused great problems, due to the confusion that occurred when the groups communicated with each other, allied to this were the problems of interference and noise in the transmission of messages. In 1941, however, when the United States entered the war, the military realized the urgency of creating a standardized military phonetic alphabet, so that all groups could communicate with their allies in order to be successful in their goal . Even this first military alphabet, although not yet ideal, was very useful for military communications. Among some problems of this alphabet, were the difficulties of understanding several letters.

Consolidation

Parallel to this, ICAO – International Commercial Aviation Organization, which also needed a phonetic alphabet to supply its need for communication for the emerging aeronautical industry, managed to create its own phonetic alphabet. In this way, the phonetic alphabet that today is used by many civilians, but mainly by the military services, was created by ICAO and, later, adapted by ITU – International Telecommunications Organization -, responsible for the international regulations of Radiocommunications.  Since its creation and consolidation, therefore, this alphabet has been used on numerous occasions and is an essential tool for the success of today’s military and civilian transmissions. To get an idea of its importance, it is worth noting that even the communications made in FM – Modulated Frequency -, in which the audio quality is usually much superior to the others, the use of the phonetic alphabet is necessary for a better understanding of the message transmissions.

How it works

The operation of the phonetic alphabet, however, is quite simple, since it is based on words that refer to each letter of the alphabet. Thus, at the time of transmission, instead of the person responsible speaking a letter, he says the word that is attributed to the letter. The only difficulty was to find the best words to be used, as they cannot have similar sounds so that they do not confuse the recipient of the message. The military phonetic alphabet is also what is called the radiotelephone or spelling alphabet. In addition, the words he uses are practically the same as in NATO’s phonetic alphabet, which is currently the most used among all spelling alphabets. However, the numbers of the military alphabet are said in English, and some of the sounds of the numbers have similarities that can confuse, there is a need to choose ways that eliminate ambiguity. A very clear example is in relation to numbers 5 and 9, which in English are “five” and “nine”. Thus, in the military alphabet, 9 received a variation, being pronounced “niner”. The same also occurs with some letters, such as “m” and “n”. For this reason, for “m” we have the word “mike” and for “n” the word “november”. For numbers, the alphabet gives a sequence of words, the pronunciation of which is as follows: 1 – wun, 2 – too, 3 – tree, 4 – fower, 5 – fife, 6 – six, 7 – seven, 8 – ait, 9 – niner and 0 – zero. like “m” and “n”. For this reason, for “m” we have the word “mike” and for “n” the word “november”. For numbers, the alphabet gives a sequence of words, the pronunciation of which is as follows: 1 – wun, 2 – too, 3 – tree, 4 – fower, 5 – fife, 6 – six, 7 – seven, 8 – ait, 9 – niner and 0 – zero. like “m” and “n”. For this reason, for “m” we have the word “mike” and for “n” the word “november”. For numbers, the alphabet gives a sequence of words, the pronunciation of which is as follows: 1 – wun, 2 – too, 3 – tree, 4 – fower, 5 – fife, 6 – six, 7 – seven, 8 – ait, 9 – niner and 0 – zero.

When to use

Despite having its origin in the military services and, even today, it continues to be of normal use by the armed forces, nothing prevents anyone from using the phonetic alphabet when they think it necessary. Just like a telegram, the spelling alphabet will be useful when someone needs to send a short message, since the letters are not spelled, but the words are spelled. In a normal telephone conversation, the use of this alphabet can be totally useless. However, in a distress call, for example, it can save lives.

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EDUCATION

What do your conversation skills say about you?

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What do your conversation skills say about you?

There is no doubt that having effective conversation skills is very valuable. Little wonder the emphasis placed on it by most organizations when recruiting. Your conversation skills enable you to interact with people to the point where you understand each other.

Also, the way you converse with people affects their perception of you. It gives them a picture of who you are, your beliefs, and your level of understanding among many others. It is a key element of language development, which is based on sharing ideas and thoughts. Having a conversation requires you to be an active listener and to ask good questions to enhance your understanding.

Here are what people can say about you through your conversation skills.

  1. Your Level of Emotional Intelligence.

Your ability to understand and control your emotions affects how you react to challenges and stress, which in turn affects how empathic you will be to people. It is known as emotional intelligence. Your conversation skills say a lot about how emotionally intelligent you are.

In addition, your emotional intelligence encompasses how aware of yourself you are, how you manage yourself, social life, and relationships. All of these, when managed well, is evident in your conversation skills.

  • How empathic and respectful you are

Your conversation skills say a lot about how empathic you are. As life goes on, you are bound to interact with different people. Whether at home or in your workplace, you will have disagreements once in a while. Your ability to understand their perspective and respect their views shows how empathic you are. It is evident in your conversation skills.

Also, your conversation skills reveal how respectful you are to others’ opinions and this, in turn, boosts their desire to converse with you. It requires you to actively listen while the other person is talking and speaking about the topic under discussion.

  • How understandable and clear you are

Your conversation skills reveal how coherent and clear you are. When you have great conversation skills, people will not find it difficult to understand you. You will be able to express your ideas and thoughts in clear and concise terms, leaving no room for confusion.

  • How open-minded you are.

When conversation skills reveal whether you go into a conversation with bias or not. Conversation skills require that you engage in a conversation with an open mind, especially to other people’s opinions and points of view. It helps you find a common ground and having a meaningful conversation in the end.

  • Your level of confidence.

Your conversation skills give a measure of your confidence level. It demonstrates how well you know what you are saying. Maintaining eye contact and speaking with a firm and reassuring tone further builds trust.

  • How good you are at holding a conversation

Your conversation skills enable you to start, maintain and bring a conversation to a finish. It will require asking good questions to engage the person you are conversing with. Asking good questions determines how the conversation will flow and how it will end. Your ability to ask open-ended questions, and if possible probing questions help foster healthy conversations. Open-ended questions require explanations while probing questions requires further explanations.

How to improve your Conversation skills?

Relationships are built through conversations and how well you relate with other people is dependent on your conversation skills. Improving your conversation skills involves being generous with compliments and learning to share your emotions. Use kind words more often and learn to share your knowledge. More ways of improving your conversation skills include:

  1. Be an active listener.

Being an active listener shows how interested you are in what someone is saying. Actively listening is a good way to understand people. It requires you to ask questions for more clarity and, if possible repeat what the speaker says.

  • Be Empathic.

Being empathic helps you see people’s points of view and respecting them even when you disagree. It builds trust and can lead to more and deeper conversations.

  • Speak slowly.

To improve your conversation skills, practice talking slowly. It gives you time to think and note details, and as you speak, you will do so in a calm and collected manner.

  • Maintain eye contact.

Maintaining eye contact shows that you are engrossed in what you are conversing. It also shows how confident you are.

In conclusion, your conversation skills say a lot about you. It reveals your level of emotional intelligence, empathy, and respect for people and how coherent you are. Conversation skills are valuable in every aspect of your life. Needless to say how useful improving them will be to your personal, social, relationship, and work life. With time and practice, you will find it rewarding.

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EDUCATION

My Entre Institute Review: Is it a Scam?

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My Entre Institute Review: Is it a Scam?

Looking for an Entre Institute Review? Fear not, I have you covered. Let’s look at what this training program can offer you.

There are many ways to make money online, and I know you have been looking. Many programs claim to show you how to make huge amounts of money fast and easy. The Entre Institute training program is not one of them. While it does teach legitimate methods to make money online with affiliate marketing, it’s not for everyone.

First, My Story Before Entre Institute’s training

As I write this, I am in my thirties. Just a few years ago, I didn’t even know much about affiliate marketing. I was miserable in my job and owed thousands of dollars. There were also expensive bills I needed to pay.

Today I own several websites that have mixed profitability. Some are doing very well, while others are struggling. My online business has grown to thousands of dollars each month thanks to my affiliate websites. It took hard work, mistakes, and practice.

Entre Institute does not contribute to my income. While I don’t make any direct income from them, their training has helped me earn a good living.

My journey into the worlds of making money began three years ago when I enrolled in the course Affiliate Marketing Revolution. It seemed so easy, and I was certain that everything would work out.

I had no idea what I was doing. My site was DOA. You guessed it, my site was dead. Zero traffic and zero earnings.

To fix it, I bought another course. I bought another. And yes, a third.

Zero traffic means zero income. I was feeling a little depressed at the time and then I found Entre Institute’s training. I decided to invest money in it, before finally giving up on it and getting a real job.

While I didn’t know everything about this area, I learned a lot. I gained so much that I wished I had done this first instead of going through all the other training. I could have saved a lot of money from the other training, and my unsuccessful attempts to make it money. Time travel is not a thing so here I come.

This is What You Should Do

Affiliate marketers must be open-minded and willing to learn if they are to succeed. It would have been very easy to quit at any point in my journey, even if I was not getting any results.

However, I didn’t. There were tons of affiliate marketers making a lot of money, so I had no choice but to look for what I was missing. What training was required, what tools were needed for success?

To succeed in anything you do in life, you must be willing and able to put in the effort. It is a process. It is impossible to know everything in one place or learn it all at once.

I learned more and more about Entre Institute. I also started to interact with other members and I began to notice some success. As I grew older, I started to see more success.

Consider these Things Before You Purchase Any Course Or Training For Affiliate Marketing

It can be difficult to decide what training you will need to become an associate marketer. Start off wrong and you could end up wasting time and money. This can ruin your motivation to keep going.

You can reduce the learning curve if you have good training. Watching random YouTube videos and reading random articles that have no structure can only teach you so much. It’s also difficult to determine if the information is useful or true.

It takes a lot of effort and dedication to learn to be an affiliate marketer who makes money. It takes being a knowledgeable professional. If any of these are you, affiliate marketing may not be for you.

  • Problem solving isn’t my forte
  • No time
  • I am easily discouraged
  • Do not have enough money to invest
  • Want to be rich fast?

Here’s the place to be totally honest about your goals and who you are. Affiliate marketing is not for everyone. Did I make you run and turn? If that is not the case we can continue.

Is the Entre Institute really a scam?

The Entre Institute isn’t a program that promises quick riches. The Entre Institute does not make any such extravagant promises. It promises to provide the training and tools necessary to help you start building a business as an affiliate marketer.

There are many things you can learn to be a successful affiliate marketer. This includes everything from how to build a website that converts, to getting traffic, and much more. While Entre Institute can provide you with the system and tools you need to get started, it’s up to you to put in the effort to achieve success.

This is the exciting news: The sky is the limit once you learn how to make an affiliate income.

How does Entre Institute compare to other training for affiliate marketing?

The Entre Institute is a great place to start to understand the true value of affiliate marketing. After years of studying these types of courses, I now have a solid understanding of which type of training will work well and which is not.

Let’s compare it to some other courses with a little more value.

Entre Institute vs Deadbeat Super affiliate

It was a great program that I enjoyed when I first tried it. It entertained me with humor and was not boring. The problem is that it was made in 2015 and contains completely outdated information. I’m glad it made me smile. I’m glad it made me laugh.

Entre Institute doesn’t have this issue as they update their training content constantly to make sure it is current. You might find it funny sometimes, but that’s not the point.

Entre Institute vs Authority Hacker

Authority Hacker actually offers a decent training program. While it covers some of the same material as Authority Hacker, it can be quite daunting. They don’t cover the same concepts, and are geared toward advanced affiliates who have years of training. However, Authority Hacker still has trouble explaining things as well Entre Institute.

Is Entre Institute worth the Investment?

The Entre Institute offers training that is both valuable and useful for intermediates and advanced students.

This is why, exactly? They offer just about everything that you could wish for. Your membership grants you access to all the resources and training you need. It connects you with people who are going through similar experiences.

The Key to Success: A Positive Mindset

If you are reading this Entre Institute review, or looking at other positive reviews and seeing it as a way to make quick money, please close your browser. Trust me, this training is not what you need.

I have seen many people come to Entre Institute to make huge amounts of money and to finally leave their job. Although this is a wonderful goal, it’s important to be realistic about what you can expect from the training. It’s not going to happen immediately. This is important to remember.

To succeed in life as well as as affiliate marketing, it is essential to have the right mindset. Don’t forget this.

Let’s summarize

The Entre Institute is, therefore, the number one, best, and most efficient way to make online money.

No. This is because there’s no one best way to make money online. It’s up to you. Some people are gifted at drawing, writing, or creating beautiful recipes. They can make a lot of money online by writing a book or creating a cookbook.

Better question is whether or not Entre Institute is a good place to learn how to earn an online living.

It’s a clear yes! Through their training, you’ll be able to learn a lot, including how to get traffic, convert traffic to make money, write sales copy, and how to create funnels.

This training will give you tons of content upfront and solid support to help you make money. You are free to test your knowledge and continue to work hard after you have started.

If you are looking for an excellent place to learn affiliate marketing, the Entre Institute is a great place to start. It’s worth a try, and you will be amazed at the results.

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EDUCATION

Is the NEET Syllabus reduced for 2021?

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Is the NEET Syllabus reduced for 2021?

National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) is an entrance exam conducted for admissions to BDS, BSMS, MBBS, BAMS, BHMS, and BUMS. Owing to the pandemic the Class 12th Board exams were cancelled, and considering the COVID scenario, the NEET exams are also postponed to avoid the spread of the disease. Now the NEET 2021 is scheduled to be held on September 12. However, the board has derived a new marking system and is going to declare the grades of the students for Class 12. 

With the changes in the dates and the ongoing pandemic, the students are confused regarding the syllabus of the entrance exam as it is dependent on the curriculum of classes 11 and 12. Also, owing to the pandemic education has become more virtual than ever before. With these physical and technical challenges, the educational authorities have requested the board to reduce the syllabus for these classes. Thus, considering the situation and requests from the experts the board has reduced the syllabus for classes 11 and 12 by around 30%. 

However, in their press release, the Ministry of Education has declared that there would be no change in the NEET 2021 syllabus. But the aspirants would get more options to answer considering the changes in the exam pattern of classes 11 and 12. The students would get more questions in the various sections of physics, chemistry, and biology to provide more options to the candidates. Yet, the total number of questions to be answered would be the same. Some of the important topics to study that are included in the NEET 2021 syllabus are as follows:

  • Physics Class XI
    • Physical world and measurement
    • Kinematics
    • Laws of motion
    • Gravitation
    • Thermodynamics
    • Oscillations and waves
    • Work, energy, and power
    • Others
  • Physics Class XII
    • Electrostatics
    • Electronic Devices
    • Current electricity
    • Atoms and nuclei
    • Magnetic efforts of current and magnetism
    • Optics
    • Electromagnetic waves
    • Magnetic effects of current and magnetism
  • Chemistry Class XI
    • Hydrocarbons
    • Basic concepts of chemistry
    • Organic chemistry
    • Structure of atom
    • P-Block elements
    • S-Block elements
    • Classification of elements and periodicity in properties
    • Equilibrium
    • Redox reactions
    • States of matter
    • Hydrogen
    • Chemical bonding and molecular structure
  • Chemistry Class XII
    • Solutions
    • Solid state
    • Surface chemistry
    • Electrochemistry
    • P-Block elements
    • Chemical kinetics
    • General principles and processes of isolation of elements
    • Coordination compounds
    • D and F block elements
    • Polymers
    • Biomolecules
    • Alcohols, phenols, and ethers
    • Haloalkanes and haloarenes
    • Organic compounds that contain nitrogen
    • Aldehydes, ketones, and carboxylic acids
  • Biology Class XI
    • Plant physiology
    • Cell structure & function
    • Human physiology
    • Diversity in living world
    • Structural organisation in animals and plants
  • Biology Class XII
    • Genetics and evolution
    • Reproduction
    • Biotechnology and application
    • Biology and human welfare
    • Ecology and environment

The educational authorities has announced the exact pattern of NEET 2021. NEET is considered to be one of the toughest entrance examinations and the candidates have to be very well prepared to clear it. To crack NEET 2021, a few tips are provided below:

  • The candidate should be aware and well-versed with the exam pattern, the number of questions asked, duration of the examination, marking pattern, and other nuances. He/she can refer to the previous years’ question papers for better understanding. 
  • Candidates should extensively go through NEET 2021 syllabus to avoid missing out on any of the important topics.
  • Revision of all the topics is one of the most important steps as it would help you to remember them at the time of the examination.
  • Focus on time management.
  • Solve sample question papers to get familiar with the types of questions and get an idea about your speed and where you need to work on them.

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