Malaria is a blood disease caused by a parasite known as Plasmodium. In most cases, the parasite gets into the human body by the bite of an infected female mosquito. The mosquito responsible for transmitting malaria is known as “Anopheles”.
Once a mosquito bites an infected person, it can pass the malaria-causing parasite to a healthy person by biting them. The parasite then travels to your liver and stays there until it is strong enough to attack the red blood cells in your blood. After the initial attack, the parasite multiplies quickly in your blood which eventually results in the bursting of cells.
Normally malaria symptoms start occuring a few weeks after the bite of an infected mosquitoe. Whereas in some cases malaria parasites stay hidden without causing any symptoms in the patient’s body for up to a year.
Some common symptoms caused by malaria are:
- Shivering and chills
- High grade fever
- Shortness of breath
- Irregular heartbeat
- Joint pain
- Stomach pain
In some more severe cases, the patient might experience signs of anaemia, bleeding, organ dysfunction, and impaired consciousness.
Other than these symptoms, some malaria patients experience malaria “attack” cycle. During which, seizures usually start with chills and are followed by a high fever and sweating. At the end of this attack, the patient’s body returns to normal body temperature. If you have any of the above-mentioned symptoms consult a General Physician in Lahore immediately and follow their guide.
Four parasites are mainly responsible for causing malaria. These parasites are named as: Plasmodium vivax, P. malariae, P. ovale, and P. falciparum.
People can get these parasites in their blood through:
- Organ transplant
- Bite of an already infected mosquito
- Infected needles used for drugs
- From mother to an unborn child (congenital malaria)
- During blood transfusion
A person infected with malaria may go through some of these complications while they are recovering:
- Seizures: When infected blood cells block small blood vessels in the brain they may cause swelling in the brain and as a result malaria patients experience coma and seizures.
- Shortness of breath: Fluid collection in the lungs can cause breathing difficulty.
- Organ failure: Malaria can damage the kidneys and liver or rupture the spleen.
- Complications causer by medication: Low blood sugar levels are caused by medications prescribed to treat malaria.
Doctors usually diagnose malaria by analyzing your symptoms and taking in your medical and travel history. After their initial diagnosis if they suspect that you may have malaria they will order these diagnostic tests:
- Blood Tests: For detecting parasites in your blood.
- Antigen Detection Kits: These kits help detect antigens derived from malaria parasites.
- PCR Test: This test is done when the doctor wants to know the condition of the infection. It is usually ordered when a patient needs immediate assistance.
The main goal of treatments is to remove the malaria-causing parasite from the blood. Depending on the condition of the patient, doctors may suggest the following treatments:
- Antibiotics: A course of antibiotics is prescribed in most cases to eliminate parasites and prevent relapse of the disease in the future.
- Hospital Treatment: If the patient’s condition is severe, they will have to get hospitalised to get treated for malaria.
- Surgical Treatment: In some rare cases of malaria, patients suffer from brain or organ damage. In this situation, doctors may suggest surgery.
How To Prevent Malaria?
If you live or travel in a subtropical or tropical area, you must take preventative measures to avoid mosquito bites. Following are some things that you can do to avoid mosquitoes:
- Covering Up Your Skin: Wear long-sleeved shirts to cover your hands entirely. One must also wear long socks to keep their legs and feet covered.
- Applying Insect Repellent: Use an insect repellent on bare skin. Insect repellents are highly effective against malaria or dengue.
- Sleep Under Nets: Avoid sleeping in the open area or use a net if you must sleep in the open area.
In 2019, 229 million cases of malaria were reported worldwide. Hence, it is a commonly occurring life-threatening disease in which children and pregnant women suffer the most.
If you or someone around you is suffering from malaria it is advisable to consult a General Physician in Islamabad before symptoms start getting worse.
Umar Nisar was born and raised in the busy city of Abbottabad. As a journalist, Umar Nisar has contributed to many online publications including PAK Today and the Huffing Post. In regards to academics, Umar Nisar earned a degree in business from the Abbottabad UST, Havelian. Umar Nisar follows the money and covers all aspects of emerging tech here at The Hear Up.
How to Prepare for a Long-Distance Move
More than 27,059,000 people move each year, whether traveling across the state or the country. Regardless of when you’re preparing for a long-distance move, there are several things you’ve got to be aware of ahead of time.
We’ve created a checklist that you can use full of packing tips and other things you need to know, like the importance of hiring movers to aid in the big move. The more prepared you are, the easier and more stress-free the move will be.
Get ready to settle into your new home after you check out these need-to-know packing tips below.
When moving to NY from California, you need to plan ahead. You need to do this to get everything in order, such as shutting off the utilities and turning it on at the new location before you’re scheduled to arrive.
The last thing you want to do is risk arriving at your new place and not having running water or working electricity when you get there. Another reason you want to plan ahead is that if you’ve decided to hire movers, you’ll need to coordinate the day they plan to pick up your items and deliver them to the new house.
Again you don’t want to arrive at your home and the movers not arrive with your items on the day you expect them to. Not only does this leave you without your necessities, but it could also mean you pay additional delivery fees that you’d not planned for.
If it helps, you could make a list of everything you need to do before you are set to move. We recommend making this list ahead of time so that you don’t feel rushed at the last minute to get everything completed.
Moving lots of items a long distance can be tricky, especially if you’re not used to driving a moving truck. Before you’re set to move, make a list of the best movers in your area.
You can do this by creating a list of mover names and estimates from your area. Ensure you have them clarify what you’re paying for because most rental companies provide a specific number of miles locally and out of state that could increase your overall rental price.
You’ll also want to inquire about the insurance needed to schedule movers to come and help transport your items. Ensure you get the estimates for each type of vehicle they offer.
When the move is complete, the larger the vehicle and the more movers you need, the higher the rental price. Once you’ve decided which moving company you’re going to work with, take the next steps to set your reservation.
If you’re making the appointment over the phone, ask the company to send you a confirmation email once the phone call has concluded. This will ensure you have tangible evidence of your appointment reservation just in case something comes up the day of the move where you need to contact the moving company.
When you move a long distance, it’s in your best interest to only pack the items you need and discard items you no longer use. The best way to do this is to take some time to declutter your home before you begin packing.
Make a pile of the items you need to get rid of, whether that means donating or discarding them accordingly. While it might prove to be a time-consuming process, in the long run, it will pay off when you don’t have to do these things while unpacking in your new home.
This is especially true if you’re downsizing and don’t have enough room to store all the items that you have currently in your home or apartment. Another reason to declutter your home is so that you can effectively determine how much packing material you need to pack, such as boxes and packing tape.
Check your local area for packing items because there are several places online where people want to get rid of their extra boxes for free. This can help you to save on packing expenses.
When you move into your new place, the last thing you want to happen is for essential items to be mailed to your previous email. This means you need to take the steps necessary to forward your mail to your new address, which can be done online via the united states postal service website.
When forwarding your mail, ensure you list the names of everyone moving and the address of the new home. Then you will need to specify a date when you want the mail to begin being sent to the new location.
Along with forwarding your mail, you need to remember to change the address on other government documentation, such as:
- Car registration
- Drivers license
- Voter registration
When you don’t place your new address on these documentation forms, completing other things you need to complete after you’ve moved can become challenging.
When you’re moving a long distance, the last thing you want to do is travel back to your previous residence to take care of things that should’ve been completed before the move.
When preparing for a long-distance move, you need to know several things, such as ensuring you forward your mail ahead of time. You should also remember to schedule movers and request estimates to help move your belongings from one place to another.
If you want to know more about this topic, continue to scroll through the posts in this section.
Khalil ur Rehman is a proud born and raised in Abbottabad. Khalil has worked as a journalist for nearly a decade having contributed to several large publications including the Yahoo News and The Verge. As a journalist for The Hear Up, Khalil covers climate and science news. [email protected]