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EDUCATION

What Are Conifers?

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What Are Conifers

Conifers are a group of seed plants (taxonomically an order, subclass, class, or division), all of which are descended from a common ancestor in the late Paleozoic, more than 300 million years ago, that they do not share with any of the other four living groups of seed plants. The nearly 550 species of conifers are found all around the world (although in differential abundance and prominence), on every continent (except Antarctica), and on many islands. Many conifers are familiar plants, especially those belonging to the most widespread genera: pines (Pinus), firs (Abies), spruces (Picea), and junipers (Juniperus) in the northern hemisphere (Plate 1), and yellowwoods (Podocarpus) in the southern. Taken together, these five genera contain about 300 species, more than half the living conifer species, and occur in almost all the places where any conifers are found.
All but about 15 species of conifers are evergreen, even in temperate and colder climates. Most flowering plants are also evergreen (especially those of the tropics and warm temperate regions) but typically are referred to as broad-leaved evergreens to distinguish them from the needle- and scale-leaved conifers. While the majority of conifers have needle-, scale-, or clawlike leaves, a few species have broader leaves that are a far cry from pine needles or juniper scales. Despite some variations, however, their distinctive leaf forms are among the most obvious characteristics uniting the conifers, since most of these forms are shared across the different families.
The name conifer means cone-bearer, but this characteristic, inclusive of the seeds in pine cone, is neither found in all conifers nor confined to them. Still, the particular structure of the seed cones, when present, is unique to conifers. This structure basically involves seed scales in the axils (and often more or less united with) bracts, with both kinds of organs attached to the axis of the cone. This is a compound cone because it is a highly condensed, branched, reproductive shoot consisting of cone axis clothed with modified leaves (the bracts), each bearing a small branch in its axil (the seed scale). Seed scales do not look like branches, but their equivalence to shoots has been demonstrated by studies of the development of modern conifer seed cones and of the structures of ancient fossil conifers.

Divergent interpretations of the specifics of each of these lines of evidence have not changed the basic concept that the seed scales of conifer seed cones consist of a number of ancestrally separate seed-bearing structures (and often non-seed-bearing ones as well) of an axillary dwarf shoot that became united phylogenetically and developmentally into a single structure. None of the other seed plant groups has seed-bearing organs with this structure. Gnetophytes are the most similar because they too have compound seed cones, but theirs lack seed scales and instead have reproductive dwarf shoots in the axils of the bracts that consist of separate rather than united parts. Most of the other seed plant groups have simple seed cones or none at all.
Besides the compound seed cones and needles (or scale) leaves, conifers also have distinctive wood that differs from the wood of cycads in being more compact, and from that of Gnetophytes and most flowering plants in having water-conducting tissue consisting solely of tracheids, without the larger-diameter vessels that have greater water-conduction capacity. Similar wood is, however, found in Ginkgo, which differs from conifers in its fan-shaped leaf from and seed-bearing structures: large seeds are paired at the tips of slender stalks and lack any associated bracts or scales.
Another feature that loosely unites the conifers and separates them from the other seed plants is the structure of pollen grains. Conifers mostly have one of two basic types of pollen grains. The most distinctive forms, at least among living seed plants, are the ones with two or three air bladders, the forms found in most Pinaceae, including the common pines, firs, and spruces, and in most Podocarpaceae, including the widespread yellowwoods. The other predominant from is nearly spherical, with a bumpy to smooth surface but few other obvious features. Both forms have more than the two or three included nuclei found in flowering plant pollen grains. The latter also have different, more complicated wall structures as well as myriad variations in shape, germination regions, and sculpturing of the surface. Cycads and Ginkgo have more or less boat-shaped grains, while many Gnetophytes have pollen grains with longitudinal furrows.
Thus even though there is no single feature that unites all conifers and sets them apart from the other groups of living seed plants, there is ample evidence for their unity and distinctness. This unity reflects their common heritage from an ancestral conifer that is uniquely their ancestor. At the same time, their obvious similarities to the other seed plants reflect an even more ancient common ancestor, shared by all the seed plants, that lived more than 350 million years ago.

EDUCATION

Students Receive Money for their Student Loan Debt

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Students Receive Money for their Student Loan Debt

Pursuing higher education is the dream of every student, but only a few of them achieve their goal, while the rest are left behind under the pressure of debt. No matter what career you choose, you need loans to finance your education, as a part-time job is not enough to pay the high tuition fee.

Randa Taha, the rising Tiktok star and current Miss Supreme America, brought this problem to light after a video to help students get out of loans went viral. She decided to launch a campaign where students get help from ordinary people to pay off their debts.

The amount of debt can range from $6,000 to $100,000, including interest. So far, more than 1,000 students have registered on the www.FreeMyLoans.com forum, where they have provided information about their university, the amount of debt they owe, and their means of payment. The campaign has gone viral, and students have received as little as $50, while some students have received over $300 via their cash app, Venmo or PayPal.

Whether you are a student who has student loan debt, or a donor looking to help students, don’t hesitate to participate in this campaign. We have not set a donation amount; you are all free to help with the amount you can handle because we believe that “every dollar counts.”

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EDUCATION

Top Educational Toys for 2-3 Years Old Kids

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Top Educational Toys for 2-3 Years Old Kids

How to choose educational toys and a list of educational toys for 2 to 3 year olds kids and many more? There has been an increasing trend in educational toys during the previous decade. With a host of online and physical options on the market, it’s challenging for parents to find the right toys for their children. They must be picked in the light of the child’s age and interest. Present items that enhance your presentation skills and promote independent learning. It should be low-tech and able to concentrate and improve alongside its fine motor abilities. Wonderlearns the best preschool online classes in India for kids the toy should be safe for the usage of the children and should stimulate growth by playing.

1. Magnetic & Writing Board

A magnetic writing board is a fantastic combination of fun and educational support. It invites the youngster to play with the colorful letters and it is fascinated by the magnetic board. It’s long-lasting and also features a whiteboard. Now you may purchase magnetic slates (like these) on your budget, magnetic boards, or magnetic stables (like these).

2. Colouring MATs for Kids 

Nobody needs to explain the enthusiasm for colors and paints. This mat is both a pleasure for parents and children. It’s also reusable and washable. For a while, the child can be left alone. Good value for money. Good value for money. Enhances focus and inventiveness.

3. Classic Wooden Toy

Abacus is a terrific toy and educational tool for bringing your youngster into the number and counting world. The beads of wood are vivid and appealing. Improves a child’s logical reasoning. Learn to recognize and count numbers. A good toy to keep the kid out of devices.

4. Colour And Shapes Sorter

This Color and Shape sorter is another useful toy preschool online classes India that has been quite helpful in educating your youngster interestingly about forms and colors. It keeps the youngster busy for a few hours and the child can play alone after a little coaching. It boosts the ability to discriminate visually. Develops coordination hand-to-eye. Can be played to keep the child interested in different ways.

5. Mini Puzzle Foam Mat for Kids

This colorful foam mat is essential for all children. I mean children love them. Children love them. It is also used as a construction block. Can be used as a jigsaw. It is created from non-toxic substances and is also antifreeze. It improves the interest of a youngster to learn alphabets and numbers. Helps develop fine engine skills.

6. Play dough pack for kids

Play dough is another children’s educational toys for 2 to 3 year olds. Usually, I receive this brand and colorful little playdough tubes. This playdough set is available in various sizes. This box has twelve color tubes. Let the child discover his originality. It strengthens the muscles of his hands and fingers. Rest assured of his decisions and work.

7. My First Animal Sticker Book: Exciting Sticker Book With 100 Stickers

This book features 100 plus colorfully drawn stickers to enjoy the basics while learning. Colorful stickers increase the learning experience of your child and help them develop their creativity and fine motor abilities

Conclusion

Educational toys are both entertaining and educational toys. Research demonstrates that playing learning is a crucial aspect of a child’s development. Educational toys for 2 to 3 year olds involve the youngster longer and stimulate the brain. The lessons given through preschool online classes inIndiaeducational toys last a lifetime and offer the child a start in life. You never know what could ignite the interest of your child. The perfect educational toy could only begin your child’s lifetime love or career.

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EDUCATION

Top 10 Coloring Pages for Preschool Kids

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Top 10 Coloring Pages for Preschool Kids

Free Printable for Preschool coloring pages is a fun way for kids of all ages to develop creativity, focus, motor skills, and color recognition. Come and have fun with the top 10 printable coloring pages suitable for toddlers, preschool, kindergarten, and early elementary kids.

Color by number is a simple coloring page for early kids, they choose numbers and colors easily. You can choose a lot of favorites and follow the numbers to bring them to life. Preschool kids totally love using the color key to guide them in their work. This activity will also help them review the names of the colors.

  • Coloring with Shapes

Shapes and patterns coloring pages to print, color, or make easy crafts suitable for preschool and kindergarten. They are helpful for children’s cognitive development and are great practice for basic geometry… All kinds of shapes make up the things we see every day.

  • Coloring Pages of Alphabet and Number

The preschool kids often learn Alphabet and Number in the early days. The alphabet coloring sheet is a good way to introduce your preschool children to the letters of the alphabet. And it helps your child to learn to count the numbers? Number coloring sheet will give him a fun way to do it.

  • Dot-To-Dot Coloring Pages

Dot to Dot printable is so easy coloring pages for preschool children. Dot to dot worksheets is great tools for children who are learning to count or read the alphabet. Use a dot to dot worksheets to learn, practice, and have fun with a lot of helpful topics.


Pikachu Dot to Dot
  • Flower Coloring Pages

The flower theme is loved mostly by girls, it helps kids to discover the beauties of nature: Rose, Sunflower, Lily and other beautiful flowers give them chance to play with colors. The free and printable coloring sheets look ready to get drenched with vibrant and radiant hues.

  • Princess Coloring Pages

Princess is widely depicted in fairy tales and defined as a woman who is the daughter of a king or queen. Princess coloring pages are one of the most favorite activities for kids of all ages, especially for preschool girls. You have the chance to travel through the world of beauty with so many popular princesses such as Cinderella, Rapunzel, Elsa, Princess Ariel, Mermaid, Barbie, Descendants, Moana, Jasmine, …

  • Animal Coloring Pages

Animal coloring pages are often for preschool, kindergarten, and elementary school children to print and color. Children have a chance to learn animal names, shapes, and their featured colors. Some of the popular animal coloring pages are Lion, Monkey, Giraffe, Bird, Elephant, Dinosaur, Cow, Cat, …

  • Vehicles Coloring Pages

Transportation vehicles play an important role in society, so kids should learn them clearly. They learn all types of vehicles, know their shapes look like, search their parts and some basic function also. Finally, they can find favorite and suitable colors for coloring pages to print.

Pokémon is a series of Japanese video games published by Nintendo. Pokemon coloring pages are widely loved and searched by kids of all ages. You have a chance to travel through a fantasy world of hundreds of Pokemon characters: Pikachu, Eevee, Charizard, Chamelon … If you are a fan of Pokemon, you’ve got a ton of free coloring pages for you ready to enjoy. 

  • Disney Coloring Pages

A collection of coloring pages from various cartoons including Disney and vintage 80s shows. The Disney coloring pages are easy to print, and they will give your child a chance to get creative. Your kids can find a lot of characters such as Donald Duck, Doraemon, SpongeBob, Looney Tunes, Superman, …

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