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There are many reasons why you can give private lessons at home. First of all, a private teacher generally has the real desire to transmit his knowledge and to participate in the academic, professional or personal success of his pupil. Tutoring is also a great way to make ends meet and use your pedagogy to supplement your income.

Some also choose to give lessons to discover the teaching profession and know if they have the methodology necessary to make their students’ progress in the long term. You are an educator, passionate about your specialty (philosophy, mathematics or even the guitar) and you want to give lessons at home. So you have to think about choosing under what status you will teach. You could very well consider giving black lessons: no charges, no taxes, and this can indeed make your dream.

According to the Cons globe site, 80% of home tutoring courses are dispensed in this way. However, the risks involved quickly disillusioned: up to three years’ imprisonment and a fine of 45,000 euros. And don’t forget that in the event of a dispute, accident or damage, you have no recourse! Since you want to work calmly, you are wondering how you will be declared.

You have thought of the status of a particular teacher in self-employment, but you do not know if it is possible, or how to become one. Be a freelance teacher Are you tempted to? From the advantages of this self-employed status to the steps to get started, Super prof tells you everything! Self-employed: the ideal status for private lessons? The self-employed status was created in 2008. And that made many people want to start entrepreneurship! To date, more than a million French people have opted for this tax system according to the Legal start website.

Affiliated to the micro-enterprise, a natural person who decides to become a self-entrepreneur creates a sole proprietorship. He then benefits from a simplified social, tax and accounting system. The advantages of choosing a good tuition agency are numerous. Choosing to become a home teacher has many personal benefits. It is indeed very gratifying to participate in the upgrading of a student, to be for him a real educational adviser and to observe his improvement thanks to your lessons. Being a freelance teacher (or self-employed) has many other benefits: You are your own boss and can choose your students and the frequency of your lessons yourself. You set the price for your lesson hours yourself.

Your status can represent a significant advantage for parents because some works councils subsidize home lessons if they are given by an approved structure. You can complete your home teacher activity by giving lessons to students in small groups in an educational center and bill your services. You pay your contributions according to your turnover, if you don’t touch anything, you don’t pay anything.

You benefit from your pension rights and social protection via the SSI you can opt for the withholding tax from income tax. Also, be aware that it is quite possible for you to combine this status with a salaried activity if your schedule allows. However, if you are a professor of National Education, you must first apply to your academy before you can become an individual entrepreneur. You are then automatically affiliated with Bursar, SSI, and CIPAV (the pension fund for a liberal activity). To find students even more easily, we advise you to apply for accreditation. This will allow them to benefit from a tax reduction of up to 50%.

The students then have to place the amount paid to the teacher in the box “employee at home” of the tax return. Students must also keep the invoices in order to justify the recruitment of a home teacher. This is a significant argument for your students and their parents. Declare your income as a private tutor

When declaring your start of business, you must choose to declare your income every month or every quarter. There is no difference in choosing one formula over the other; it only depends on your organization and your preferences. Every month, or every quarter, you will, therefore, have to declare what you have earned through your private lessons at home.

The process is simplified and you can make your monthly or quarterly payment on the site of the auto-entrepreneur. After you have entered your turnover in the “declare and pay” section, the amount of your contributions is automatically calculated. You just have to pay with your credit card: that’s it! The social security contribution rate for the liberal professions in 2016 is 22.9% unless you have obtained ACCRE. The line to take into account is the following (Liberal Profession under the social regime of the self-employed).

Indeed, many people starting the activity of home teachers hesitate with the commercial profile. But, although you sell a service, a professor does not sell goods but a service. It is for this reason that the activity of the professor is registered in the liberal professions.



The Growing Demand for Blockchain Certifications in 2021



The Growing Demand for Blockchain Certifications in 2021

Blockchain technology has been one of the most revolutionary technological interventions in
recent times. Within just a decade of its introduction, blockchain has transformed various
industries and conventional business processes. Therefore, it is reasonable to assume the
possibilities of better career prospects as a certified blockchain professional.
Blockchain certifications are slowly becoming mainstream options for people aspiring for a
blockchain career. However, the thought of pursuing a specific certification in blockchain
technology can be quite confusing. Will it actually benefit your career? Do you need certification
in the first place? How can you use the certification for your career? All these questions create a
shadow of a doubt when you think of preparing for a blockchain professional certification. Let us
find out whether blockchain certifications are truly in demand and how they can be helpful in 2021.
Before taking a note of the demand for blockchain certification in 2021, let us see how the
industry will fare. The global blockchain market is all set to grow at a staggering CAGR of almost
67.3% in the period from 2020 to 2025. The COVID-19 pandemic would drive more shifts towards
blockchain. Digital transformation with blockchain can serve as the key to survival for many
businesses all over the world.

Reasons for Demand of Blockchain Certifications in 2021
Now, it is important to note that blockchain is a comparatively new technology. So, it is quite
difficult to find a skilled and certified blockchain professional easily. On the other hand, the
demand for blockchain professionals continues to rise and presents a favorable picture of
blockchain certifications. Here is an outline of the top reasons for the growing demand for
blockchain certifications in the present times.
● Proving Blockchain Expertise
First of all, blockchain certification works as proof of your blockchain skills and knowledge.
Companies looking for blockchain talent need solid evidence about an applicant’s capability to
address the requirements of the job role. With a professional certification in blockchain
technology, employers could easily short-list candidates for blockchain jobs. Therefore, a
certification can serve as the major factor separating you from non-certified applicants for a
blockchain job.
● Flexibility of Job Choice
The second important reason for the growing demand for blockchain certifications in 2021 is the
diversity of job roles. Blockchain is a new field of technology and offers many interesting job roles
that you can pursue. For example, blockchain developer, enterprise blockchain professional, and
blockchain consultant are some of the notable job roles you can try. The flexibility of selecting
your own career path in blockchain with certification is definitely commendable. Since many
candidates are interested in blockchain jobs, they can use certifications to find the right direction
in their careers.
● Chances for Better Salary
The promise for better payment with blockchain jobs is also another reason to become a certified
blockchain professional in 2021. The skill gap in blockchain technology is enormous. Enterprises
don’t have access to competent and talented human resources in blockchain technology.
Therefore, the chosen few certified professionals with blockchain expertise can easily command
higher salary estimates. Businesses which are on the fast track to blockchain adoption are likely to
pay lucrative salary estimates. For example, the average annual salary of a certified blockchain
developer maybe around $150,000.
● Develop Your Blockchain Skills
If you are thinking that blockchain certifications are becoming popular only for blockchain career
prospects, then you must think again. Blockchain certifications also give the opportunity to all
candidates to develop their blockchain skills. Most important of all, certifications test the capability
of candidates to apply their learning outcomes regarding blockchain concepts in real-world use
As a result, candidates can showcase their ability to deliver value for businesses in practical
scenarios. Furthermore, the journey of preparing and qualifying for a certification broadens the
scope of your knowledge of blockchain technology. So, blockchain certifications also serve as
symbols of your dedication and efforts in learning and developing skills for blockchain careers.
Final Words
It is quite clear that blockchain certifications are popular in 2021 also for the right set of reasons.
A blockchain certification can show employers how you can solve their business issues with
blockchain technology. Certifications help you learn more about applying blockchain skills in reallife situations to ensure value for businesses.
Most important of all, the radical growth in demand for blockchain adoption in 2021 after the
COVID-19 pandemic can propel the demand for blockchain certifications. People who are
interested in building a promising career in blockchain technology could try out professional
blockchain training and certification course providers such as 101 Blockchains. Explore the
certifications on 101 Blockchains right now to find new opportunities!

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What Are Conifers?



What Are Conifers

Conifers are a group of seed plants (taxonomically an order, subclass, class, or division), all of which are descended from a common ancestor in the late Paleozoic, more than 300 million years ago, that they do not share with any of the other four living groups of seed plants. The nearly 550 species of conifers are found all around the world (although in differential abundance and prominence), on every continent (except Antarctica), and on many islands. Many conifers are familiar plants, especially those belonging to the most widespread genera: pines (Pinus), firs (Abies), spruces (Picea), and junipers (Juniperus) in the northern hemisphere (Plate 1), and yellowwoods (Podocarpus) in the southern. Taken together, these five genera contain about 300 species, more than half the living conifer species, and occur in almost all the places where any conifers are found.
All but about 15 species of conifers are evergreen, even in temperate and colder climates. Most flowering plants are also evergreen (especially those of the tropics and warm temperate regions) but typically are referred to as broad-leaved evergreens to distinguish them from the needle- and scale-leaved conifers. While the majority of conifers have needle-, scale-, or clawlike leaves, a few species have broader leaves that are a far cry from pine needles or juniper scales. Despite some variations, however, their distinctive leaf forms are among the most obvious characteristics uniting the conifers, since most of these forms are shared across the different families.
The name conifer means cone-bearer, but this characteristic, inclusive of the seeds in pine cone, is neither found in all conifers nor confined to them. Still, the particular structure of the seed cones, when present, is unique to conifers. This structure basically involves seed scales in the axils (and often more or less united with) bracts, with both kinds of organs attached to the axis of the cone. This is a compound cone because it is a highly condensed, branched, reproductive shoot consisting of cone axis clothed with modified leaves (the bracts), each bearing a small branch in its axil (the seed scale). Seed scales do not look like branches, but their equivalence to shoots has been demonstrated by studies of the development of modern conifer seed cones and of the structures of ancient fossil conifers.

Divergent interpretations of the specifics of each of these lines of evidence have not changed the basic concept that the seed scales of conifer seed cones consist of a number of ancestrally separate seed-bearing structures (and often non-seed-bearing ones as well) of an axillary dwarf shoot that became united phylogenetically and developmentally into a single structure. None of the other seed plant groups has seed-bearing organs with this structure. Gnetophytes are the most similar because they too have compound seed cones, but theirs lack seed scales and instead have reproductive dwarf shoots in the axils of the bracts that consist of separate rather than united parts. Most of the other seed plant groups have simple seed cones or none at all.
Besides the compound seed cones and needles (or scale) leaves, conifers also have distinctive wood that differs from the wood of cycads in being more compact, and from that of Gnetophytes and most flowering plants in having water-conducting tissue consisting solely of tracheids, without the larger-diameter vessels that have greater water-conduction capacity. Similar wood is, however, found in Ginkgo, which differs from conifers in its fan-shaped leaf from and seed-bearing structures: large seeds are paired at the tips of slender stalks and lack any associated bracts or scales.
Another feature that loosely unites the conifers and separates them from the other seed plants is the structure of pollen grains. Conifers mostly have one of two basic types of pollen grains. The most distinctive forms, at least among living seed plants, are the ones with two or three air bladders, the forms found in most Pinaceae, including the common pines, firs, and spruces, and in most Podocarpaceae, including the widespread yellowwoods. The other predominant from is nearly spherical, with a bumpy to smooth surface but few other obvious features. Both forms have more than the two or three included nuclei found in flowering plant pollen grains. The latter also have different, more complicated wall structures as well as myriad variations in shape, germination regions, and sculpturing of the surface. Cycads and Ginkgo have more or less boat-shaped grains, while many Gnetophytes have pollen grains with longitudinal furrows.
Thus even though there is no single feature that unites all conifers and sets them apart from the other groups of living seed plants, there is ample evidence for their unity and distinctness. This unity reflects their common heritage from an ancestral conifer that is uniquely their ancestor. At the same time, their obvious similarities to the other seed plants reflect an even more ancient common ancestor, shared by all the seed plants, that lived more than 350 million years ago.

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Abby the Pup Preschool Printables and Worksheets



Abby the Pup Preschool Printables and Worksheets

Abby the Pup ( is a new website that provides free preschool printables and worksheets to teachers and parents to help educate their children. There are over 1,000 pages of content that may be easily downloaded, printed and freely distributed. It is a charitable project that believes educating young children throughout the world is an important and worthy cause.

The Problem

There are thousands of websites that provide printables and worksheets for preschool children. Many of them are excellent. But most of them have limitations that are somewhat burdensome for users.

Many of the popular ones require you to register and charge fees for the content. Though the content is typically good, many people either cannot afford to or are unwilling to pay for it. Also, their marketing and outreach are focused on users who are willing to pay for services.

Other websites may provide free content, but they require users to register and login. Frequently, these sites are supported by advertising revenues. This is understandable, since they need the advertising revenues to support the cost of creating the content and operating the website. Unfortunately, these sites tend to be somewhat difficult to navigate, offer their content a page at a time, and have lots of ads. They are designed to maximize views and clicks.

There are hundreds of websites of organizations and businesses that offer limited free preschool content as a means to attract users to their website for another reason. They may be promoting a local preschool, selling educational materials or merchandise or providing information about their organization or business. These sites tend to have less content, and their website is really focused on promoting their organization or business.

And lastly, there are thousands of individuals, through their blogs and websites, who provide preschool content. It is a mix of fee or free. Typically, they are doing it in their spare time. These sites tend to have less content, and in many instances, are less polished than the professional ones.

What is Different about Abby the Pup?

Abby the Pup’s purpose is different than the other preschool printable and worksheet websites. Its mission is to help teachers and parents educate their children throughout the world as a charitable project. To do this, it was designed from the very beginning to be global, free and extremely easy to use.   


All content is provided absolutely free. Anyone with access to the internet may download, print and freely distribute the content.

No Registration, No Login

The website requires no registration or login to access the content. We wanted people to feel comfortable using the site without providing any personal information. Our mission is to help as many teachers, parents and children throughout the world. So we do not want to add any barriers to use the website.

Safe and Commercial Free

The website is safe and commercial free. There are no fees or advertisements. It is funded by the generosity of people who want to educate and create a better world for our children.

Creative Commons Public Domain

All Abby the Pup content is under the Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication (CC0), which means that the content creators have given up their copyright and put their works into the worldwide public domain. CC0 allows re-users to distribute, remix, adapt, and build upon the material in any medium or format, with no conditions.

Extremely Easy to Use

The website has been designed to be extremely easy to use. There is 1 click access to all the content from the home page.

Fun and Interesting

The content is fun, colorful and interesting to encourage young children to learn. The feedback has been tremendous. Teachers and parents have commented that their children really enjoy learning from these printables and worksheets.

Teachers and Parents Choose

The website purposefully has a wide variety of content to explore and use. We really wanted to provide teachers and parents enough content to decide what works for their children. They know what is best for each individual child.

Global Outreach

The website is available to everyone globally. We are proud of our outreach to teachers, parents and children in developing countries. They typically have limited financial and educational resources, especially for preschoolers. So free, accessible and easy to use are important to them.

Social Good

Abby the Pup believes that quality preschool educational materials should be freely available to all children. Education helps lift children out of poverty, addresses social inequalities and provides a path to a better life. 

The Content

Abby the Pup has over 1,000 pages of free preschool printables and worksheets. The content is organized into four categories of PDF documents which may be easily downloaded, printed and shared:

Literature – Alphabet Identification, Alphabet Trace and Write, Alphabet Worksheets, Alphabet Activities, Match Letters, Sight Words, Word Recognition, Rhyming Words, Word Families, Missing Letters.

Math – Number Identification, Number Trace and Write, Number Worksheets, Number Activities, Match Numbers, Counting, Addition, Subtraction, Comparing, Ten Frame Cards, Patterns.

General Knowledge and Skills – Colors, Shapes, Color Cute Animals, Coloring for Fun, Tracing, Matching Worksheets, Matching Cards, Positions, Sizes, Dot to Dot, Cut and Paste, Draw in Frame, Puzzles and Mazes.

Classroom – Preschool Assessment, Awards, Calendar, Name Cards, Center Signs, Nursery Rhymes, Posters, The Week, Reward Cards, Science Activity Plans, Finger Puppets.

Please Visit and Share

Abby the Pup encourages the distribution and sharing of this content to help educate and improve the lives of young children all over the world.

Please visit and share.

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