History of witches
Witches ;One of the most representative figures of Halloween is the witch, the classic stereotype of it, of course, the old woman,full of warts, gray hair, and her typical implements such as the broom and the pot of potions. However, behind this character, there is a whole amount of information that covers practically all periods of human history, from its beginnings (including prehistoric theories) to the present day.
The witch is a portent that has accompanied us practically forever, either as a horror character, as the evil character in fairy tales or as that rare woman in our neighborhood to whom we secretly discuss aspects of our lives so that she reveal to us our future.
Witches are beings or people who can use witchcraft, which is defined in turn as a set of magical abilities that are used to cause damage. This last idea; however, it is not entirely clear, because witchcraft has had different purposes beyond causing evil or at least not directly. Skills such as divination, transformation, telekinesis, among others, are considered part of witchcraft although, per se, they should not be harmful to others.
In this sense, the negative connotation of the term witchcraft comes from the relationship that was given to Satanism in the Middle Ages, which has endured and is maintained, even though many sorcerers advocate the eradication of the evil stereotype for certain considerations. religious regarding modern witchcraft that we will see later in the section related to the phenomenon in today’s world.
The term is related to magic, which is defined as the art of producing events that go against what we consider natural acts or laws.
Magic by itself has no negative or positive connotations; it all depends on the context: if you are talking about witchcraft, satanism, occultism, etc., it goes without saying that the term is negative there; While if you talk about fairies, fantastic creatures, magicians of the courts of the ancient kings and epic in general, there the term has positive connotations.
There may even be contexts in which the term magic has both connotations at the same time, as is the case of the Harry Potter saga, where some wizards and witches practice white or good magic, and those who practice black magic or bad.
In such contexts, these differentiating terms are usually used, generally dichotomous, such as white-black, light-dark, angelic-demonic, good-bad magic …
The word witch, besides, is not usually exclusive to a single type of character as the classic Halloween witch could be, it can also be used to refer to healers and shamans of tribes or rural towns (in this case with the word witch, in masculine), or also to refer to the practitioners of some neo-pagan religions or cults with magical overtones such as the African or Romani religions. As for what witches do, the terms used are varied, although they are usually seen as synonyms: spells, hexes, spells, enchantments …
Magical thinking has been around almost forever
Witchcraft has probably been around since humans first formed into groups. The sense of the use of magic in ordinary people, such as the belief in the power of words and sentences, can be found in all ancient societies.
Some prehistoric works of art depict magical rites for areas of life spell, love spell, such as hunting, in addition to the usual religious rites that were dedicated to primitive deities.
Shamanism, which is about communicating with the spirit world through jobs, dreams, and meditative trance, is probably the oldest religion.
There was already witchcraft in the ancient Sumerian civilization; specifically, in Babylon began the elaborate the demonological study, because its mythology was quite rich. The Sumerians believed that the world was full of spirits and that most of them were hostile.
Each person was supposed to have a spirit that would protect him from demons and enemies, plus a diverse array of magic spells and amulets that he could use in defense against them.
In ancient Egypt, witches used their wisdom about magic amulets, spells, and concoctions to twist cosmic powers in their favor or in favor of their clients, who in this case was those belonging to the political class. Since then, witchcraft has been used for a commercial purpose, as is often done today.
For their part, the Greeks had their own form of magic whose concept revolved around a kind of religious cult known as Theurgy, which consisted of the practice of rituals to invoke the action of the gods and other entities belonging to the plane divine.
Another inferior form of magic was Mageia (etymological origin of the word the magic that we use in Latin languages), which was closer to hidden witchcraft and was practiced by individuals who claimed to have knowledge and powers to help certain people or to harm their enemies.
At the end of the Golden Age, during the height of the Mycenaean Civilization, the Greek pantheon adopted the Carian goddess, Hecate, and gave her the title of goddess of witchcraft and Queen of ghosts, also giving her a tripled image (a three-headed woman) in its iconography.
According to myth, Hecate was the daughter of two-second generation titans, Asteria and Perses, and obtained her powers as a gift from Zeus.
In pre-Hispanic Mesoamerican civilizations, shamanism had an important weight. Religious beliefs revolved around powerful deities who controlled natural phenomena and aspects of life itself and shamans were the people chosen as the bridge between the supernatural and incomprehensible world and the earth plane.
One of the most widely used practices in these civilizations was a human sacrifice as a payment for blood for the gods to provide prosperity in economic activity, although there was also a long tradition of making amulets and healing.
Some argue, however, that the real roots of witchcraft and magic as we envision them today stem from the Celts,a diverse group of Iron Age tribal societies that flourished between 700 BC and 100 AD in various areas of Europe.
Just as great metalworkers and magnificent artists themselves, some Celtic peoples were also profusely spiritual; their religion was pantheistic, which means that they related the divinity with certain phenomena of nature.
Around 350 BC, a priestly class known as the Druids had been developed who was in charge of predicting the future, healing, and some social aspects such as basic education and the law.
The Celts’ religious beliefs and practices, their love for the land, and their veneration for trees
(the oak in particular) became what was later known as paganism, although this label is also used for polytheistic beliefs. of the ancient Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans. For centuries, mixes between Celtic beliefs and rituals from other Indo-European groups gave rise to magical practices (potion making and spells) that were collectively known as the witchcraft of the medieval period.
Magic in the Middle Ages
The earliest Christian traditions related to saints and divine relics gave rise to many forms of amulets that were allusive to magic related to early Christianity, which was used to attract and convert pagans. However, in the 5th century AD, the influential Christian theologian Saint Augustine of Hippo affirmed that everything related to magic was an invention of the devil to guide humanity away from Christian truth; He also argued that neither Satan nor the witches could have any real supernatural power or might be able to effectively invoke magic. of any kind, that it was a “mistake of the heathen” to believe in any other supernatural power than that of God. Therefore, if witches were given as powerless, the Church saw no need to deal with their spells or bother to track them. In fact, it was like this for a long time:
Between the 8th and 9th centuries several characters dismissed their own belief in witches, such as the influential Bishop Agobardo de Lyon repudiated the belief that witches could rain, fly at night or change their shape;
There was also Saint Boniface, who said that one’s belief in witches was anti-Christian. For his part, Charlemagne, King of the Franks prohibited the burning of the supposed witches because he considered it a pagan practice.
But at the same time, the Church was beginning to influence civil law to create laws against witchcraft and to establish the Latin word “maleficium”, which originally meant doing evil, giving derogatory and satanic connotations to magical practices.
Magic became a crime against society and heresy against God. The Leptinnes Council of 744 drew up a list of superstitions prohibiting sacrifices on behalf of the saints and requiring the renunciation of demon worship (referring to the ancient Norse gods’ Thor and Odin) as part of the Christian baptism ceremony (remember that there was once a relationship between Norse mythology and Christianity when the latter came to northern Europe).
In medieval tradition, the Tempestarii was a magician who dwelt among ordinary people and who had the power to create or prevent storms at will. Anyone reputed as such was the object of respect, fear, or hatred in rural areas.
Church authorities credited the belief by saying that God allowed the devil and witches to carry out these acts as a punishment for evil in the world. Still, the Church banned superstitious remedies against witchcraft such as storm-dissipating spells and protective amulets, and brought before them prescribed prayer, the sacraments, and the invocation of the name of God.
Before the 13th and 14th centuries, witchcraft, beyond what people believed, had come to mean a set of beliefs and practices that included spell healing, ointments, and concoctions; he barely ventured into the supernatural through divination and clairvoyance.
In the 13th century, some cults related to pagan beliefs and rituals became directly satanic. Around the year 1208, Pope Innocent III began a persecution of a group of religious heretics are known as the Cathars, who believed in a universe where God and Satan were entities of equal power that were at odds; In that sense, God had created the essence and the heavens, while the Devil had created the Earth and the the material world, a belief similar to that of the 1st century Gnostics. The Church discredited the Cathars by spreading stories about Devil worship rituals and this gave rise to a series of conflicts that led to a crusade against heresy.
The end of this conflict came with the extermination of practically all the Cathars in 1229. The Inquisition also originated from this, whose objective was to search for and punish the few remaining Cathar heretics and compel them through torture to change their beliefs or else murder them.
Pope Gregory IX assigned the Dominican Order the duty to lead the Inquisition, it could act on its behalf and with full authority, but it was not until 1252 when Pope Innocent IV expressly authorized the use of torture among the accused. Over time, both Christian churches and secular (non-religious) organizations worked together to persecute witches.
Also in the 13th century, the leading Christian theologian Saint Thomas Aquinas argued that the world was full of evil and dangerous demons who were trying to lead people down the path of temptation, and thus began to associate witchcraft with sex.
Top 10 Weebly Responsive Themes
Weebly hardly needs an introduction, as it’s one of the best website building platforms. No matter what kind of website you’re going for, it has all the right tools to help you. However, it lacks one important thing, which is Weebly themes.
You can find quality themes as well since Weebly doesn’t really offer much customization on its own platform. Whether you have a blog or an eCommerce website, there are plenty of themes to choose from.
These themes are responsive, so they’ll work seamlessly on every kind of screen, ensuring your visitors get the best experience. Plus, they are very easy to work with, which is what Weebly is all about anyways.
Here we have ten such custom Weebly themes from Bamboo Studios that cover a wide range of business needs. Some are free while others are paid as they are premium templates. These templates are easy to customize, allowing you to shake up the things and have the website your way.
Best Weebly Business Website Theme
The Infiniti template is all business. This professional-looking theme is ideal for businesses that offer services in industries such as finance, consultation, law, and construction.
This premium template from Bamboo Studio is priced at $40. You can also utilize Weebly apps to add more functionalities to your branding website. Also, you can easily change the colors to match your company’s logo colors.
Best Weebly Blog Theme
Lamentia is a great template for blogs that utilize a lot of imagery. This rich theme has more of a visual aesthetic with a minimal layout so that the focus is entirely on the images. If you’re a photographer, designer, or artist, this would be a perfect theme for your blog.
This theme costs $27, which is a good bargain. You get all the basic features with the theme that make it very easy to use on your website.
Best Weebly Portfolio Themes
The Linen theme has a clean aesthetic with a focus on design and media. It’s a great theme to showcase your craft to potential clients. Its responsive design means the website will show images fully optimized for the device your visitor is using, which can significantly improve the experience.
This one is also for $40 and is best for artists, photographers, designers, and studios.
No matter what type of freelancer you are, you can use the Craft theme to your advantage. With a bright and clean white backdrop, this theme is a blend of professionalism and creativity. It has a modern, minimalistic approach that focuses on the text and images, while also creating easy navigation.
This is a free theme, which makes it ideal for freelancers who may not want to spend a lot of money to create their portfolio.
Best Weebly eCommerce Themes
Bailey is a beautiful theme for online stores that helps grab the attention of the visitor. With very easy navigation, it ensures the visitor doesn’t have any difficulties moving through webpages. Plus, it has a minimalistic look, so the focus remains on the products.
For $33, you can have this premium template and use apps to add even more shopping features to your store.
Vous is a versatile theme that can be tweaked for any kind of store. Whether you’re selling apparel or sports equipment, you can use this template to create a nice and clean website. This one is also priced at $33.
Best Weebly One-Page Themes
The X theme makes a one-page website look like multiple pages with some color blocking. It makes navigation pretty simple, and the responsive design helps retain visitors. You can be even more creative and make the website richer, as it’s versatile enough to be simple or content-rich.
The X theme costs $40 and comes with full-help documentation, in case you’re new at this.
The Monarch theme is ideal for the restaurant and catering industry. Its design is specifically targeted to this particular industry. You can have text in a beautiful font with images of your food and menu.
The white background is pretty universal, so will work with any type of restaurant, no matter what type of cuisine they offer. This theme costs $33.
Finder is a one-page Weebly theme that highlights the images on the website. If your purpose is to showcase the images, this one-page theme should do the job well. It can be ideal for travel agents, hotels, restaurants, gyms, etc.
Finder costs $33 as a premium template.
Best Weebly Blank Pages Theme
Serene has a clean aesthetic and a Splash layout. You can create blank pages for announcements or limited time offers on your website. At $33, it’s versatile enough for portfolios, branding, and business websites.
Bamboo Studios is your one-stop solution for themes. No matter what kind of theme you’re looking for, they’ll have something exciting.
Beautiful Weebly Website Examples
I know sometime you might feel lost between so many options available out there, to save the headache, have a look at this collection of amazing Weebly website examples those have been created by Baamboo Studio’s Weebly themes. You could totally get inspired or pick the theme which built the most relevant websites that you like.
The Changing Face of Tarot Readings – From Obscurity to Ubiquity
Tarot card was a playing card in the mid 14th century. It passes a long way to gain such popularity that you can find someone who can read tarot cards or offer services. But finding the best tarot card reading services or whom you can trust is hard work but not that challenging in this digital world.
Current situations among people and law force institute
According to the recent survey, one out of seven in the united states is going to a fortune teller. Most people believe in them also reckon that this card will bring good to them by following its spirituality.
Most of the time, this fortune teller does operate within themselves. They do not have to follow any certain rules and regulations. You can find out fortune teller in around every block in a new work city. With the growing popularity, some of the frauds are coming out. So govt is coming out to help innocent people by applying rules like registration and charging a bit to run this business.
According to the law in force agency, this is a trendy business and growing massively in the rescission time, so govt can not leave people open to fraud. Though it is tough to deter lousy practice but having some regulation will help massively.
To overcome this fraud issue, some parts of us and other countries have their spiritual groups and community to practice and underlines their own rules and regulations.
Reputation Within People and Its Spread All Over
Tarot is so trendy that now a day party is organized where a tarot reader will perform his performance. This is mostly free, or the fortune teller takes a minimal charge. Moreover, some of the corporates also arrange these sorts of parties where they offset card reader expenses.
This individual and official party have its ground, but with having a dotcom bubble up in recent years tarot is going further close to people’s hands. You can easily have free or paid access to a website that offers you tarot services or tips and tricks on how to read these cards. It is not stopped here; you can also use a smartphone to get instant messages or use some kind of app to get these services.
Moreover, satellite tv and the digital platform also dedicate individual channels to show programs related to tarot card reading.
Tarot Card History
Some believe that Tarot cards are originated in Egypt. They also refer to a book that survives from the great fire that occurred and burned Egyptian libraries. This is a belief for some groups of people.
The Tarot card was from the 14th century, but most establish origin starts from 1440, when the duke of Milan requests several decks of “triumph” cards to be used at a special event. Trump cards are also known as playing cards. It was like a bridge game, including 22 symbolic cards, not like any suit. They called this game tarocchi, which is the Italian version of the French word tarot.
In the year of 1781, a paradigm shift when french and English occult found tarot cards. They observe simple symbolic cards have more meaning than simple trump cards. This group remarked this as s divine tool and wrote about the tarot. After this, tarot became a part of the occult philosophy and gained popularity in spirituality.
As you know, how much tarot reach towards ordinary people. You would be more surprised to learn around 3 million posts with having hashtag tarot are on the Instagram platform. Besides, some of the world superstars also believe to visit regularly to psychics. Thus far, tarot reaches until now from its ancient origin.
Why the car owners should get the car serviced regularly?
Servicing is very much important for every owner of the car because many times the owners are highly dependent upon the cars at the time of traveling from one place to another. In case any of the unwanted things happen in the car then it can break down. So, to reduce this particular intensity of the loss it is highly recommended for the individuals to indulge themselves into proper and regular servicing of the car so that everything can be insured in terms of condition and quality.
Following are some of the points that are the reasons why one should get car regularly serviced:
-It will help in ensuring the safety and security of everybody: The basic and most important reason for regularly servicing the car is that it will help in providing complete security to the people traveling on the road in that particular ca_r. There are several kinds of reasons for car accidents as the most common one is car neglect.
In case the car is not serviced properly then it can lead to several kinds of issues, for example, faulty steering wheel and issues with braking systems. So, the car should be regularly serviced, and taking care of the car is a very important point to be considered at the end of the car owner so that all such issues can be avoided before arising.
-The individuals should go for service because it will help in preventing the malfunctioning: In case a car will be regularly serviced then all the roadside emergencies will not be there or the chances of being there will significantly reduce and the car owners can very easily avoid all the unnecessary things. The unnecessary things here mean the cost of towing a car, hiring the mechanics, and finding a temporary car on the highway in case any of the issues occur.
So, to avoid all these kinds of malfunctions it is highly preferable and advisable for all the car owners to get their car regularly serviced. Whenever the car will be sent to check up all the potential problems can be found very easily and they will be fixed before they become bigger which will help in saving a lot of money and the efforts of the car owner.
-It will help in increasing the car performance: Whenever there will be a regular check on the car health and all other things associated for example car fluids, oil, and other things then the wear and tear will significantly reduce and it will have a direct impact on the performance of the car.
Hence, there is no doubt in believing that a well-maintained car is always considered to be more protective and helps to provide a very smooth ride to the individuals. So, to get the most out of the car the individuals must get it regularly serviced.
-It will help in ensuring proper fuel efficiency: Another most important thing associated with the car owners and their cars is the mileage aspect and fuel usage of the car. A car that is very low in terms of fuel efficiency will always use more of the fuel and will lead to more expenses for the car owner.
So, all the car owners should get their cars regularly serviced and checked by the professionals so that all changes can be done on a regular basis and smoothness the whole journey of the car will be ensured all the time.
-It is considered to be a great way of prolonging the life of the car: Whenever any of the cars will be maintained periodically then malfunctioning of the car will be significantly prevented and it will have a direct impact on the performance and fuel efficiency of the car which will ultimately strengthen and prolong its life. So, regular servicing will always help to make sure that the car is always in the top-notch condition and it will always help in adding longer years of usage for the car owner. So, the stress levels of the car owners will significantly reduce with a well maintained and regularly serviced car.
-The pollution levels will significantly reduce: Whenever a particular car will be regularly serviced and checked by the professionals then the carbon emission of that particular car will be significantly reduced in the atmosphere because all the cars which are improperly serviced are not paid proper attention in terms of maintenance and services will produce poisonous emissions into the environment that can cause several kinds of issues other than harming the environment.
-It will lead to a lower cost of the operation: Whenever any of the cars are considered to be well serviced or well-maintained then the cost of driving and dealing with all the operations will be significantly lower because it will lead to no extra money to the individual.
Any car in the case is broke down then can lead to several kinds of issues and can even lead to wastage of valuable time of the individuals. So, it is highly advisable to get the car regularly checked and serviced by the professionals to achieve the overall goals of the lower cost of operation.
-The individuals should also create a maintenance record: The maintenance record will always help in making sure that the car is significantly improved in terms of services and it will also help in ensuring a good resale value. Warranties will also help in keeping a service check that will help in ensuring the validity of the car. So, scheduling the maintenance will also help in keeping an automatic record of car maintenance to avail of several kinds of benefits associated with it.
Hence, in case any of the individuals want to get the car regularly serviced and checked by the professionals then one must go with the option of availing the services of getpitstop.com so that everything is being undertaken by the most professional people and the owners of the car have complete peace of mind throughout the whole scenario.
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