History of witches
Witches ;One of the most representative figures of Halloween is the witch, the classic stereotype of it, of course, the old woman,full of warts, gray hair, and her typical implements such as the broom and the pot of potions. However, behind this character, there is a whole amount of information that covers practically all periods of human history, from its beginnings (including prehistoric theories) to the present day.
The witch is a portent that has accompanied us practically forever, either as a horror character, as the evil character in fairy tales or as that rare woman in our neighborhood to whom we secretly discuss aspects of our lives so that she reveal to us our future.
Witches are beings or people who can use witchcraft, which is defined in turn as a set of magical abilities that are used to cause damage. This last idea; however, it is not entirely clear, because witchcraft has had different purposes beyond causing evil or at least not directly. Skills such as divination, transformation, telekinesis, among others, are considered part of witchcraft although, per se, they should not be harmful to others.
In this sense, the negative connotation of the term witchcraft comes from the relationship that was given to Satanism in the Middle Ages, which has endured and is maintained, even though many sorcerers advocate the eradication of the evil stereotype for certain considerations. religious regarding modern witchcraft that we will see later in the section related to the phenomenon in today’s world.
The term is related to magic, which is defined as the art of producing events that go against what we consider natural acts or laws.
Magic by itself has no negative or positive connotations; it all depends on the context: if you are talking about witchcraft, satanism, occultism, etc., it goes without saying that the term is negative there; While if you talk about fairies, fantastic creatures, magicians of the courts of the ancient kings and epic in general, there the term has positive connotations.
There may even be contexts in which the term magic has both connotations at the same time, as is the case of the Harry Potter saga, where some wizards and witches practice white or good magic, and those who practice black magic or bad.
In such contexts, these differentiating terms are usually used, generally dichotomous, such as white-black, light-dark, angelic-demonic, good-bad magic …
The word witch, besides, is not usually exclusive to a single type of character as the classic Halloween witch could be, it can also be used to refer to healers and shamans of tribes or rural towns (in this case with the word witch, in masculine), or also to refer to the practitioners of some neo-pagan religions or cults with magical overtones such as the African or Romani religions. As for what witches do, the terms used are varied, although they are usually seen as synonyms: spells, hexes, spells, enchantments …
Magical thinking has been around almost forever
Witchcraft has probably been around since humans first formed into groups. The sense of the use of magic in ordinary people, such as the belief in the power of words and sentences, can be found in all ancient societies.
Some prehistoric works of art depict magical rites for areas of life spell, love spell, such as hunting, in addition to the usual religious rites that were dedicated to primitive deities.
Shamanism, which is about communicating with the spirit world through jobs, dreams, and meditative trance, is probably the oldest religion.
There was already witchcraft in the ancient Sumerian civilization; specifically, in Babylon began the elaborate the demonological study, because its mythology was quite rich. The Sumerians believed that the world was full of spirits and that most of them were hostile.
Each person was supposed to have a spirit that would protect him from demons and enemies, plus a diverse array of magic spells and amulets that he could use in defense against them.
In ancient Egypt, witches used their wisdom about magic amulets, spells, and concoctions to twist cosmic powers in their favor or in favor of their clients, who in this case was those belonging to the political class. Since then, witchcraft has been used for a commercial purpose, as is often done today.
For their part, the Greeks had their own form of magic whose concept revolved around a kind of religious cult known as Theurgy, which consisted of the practice of rituals to invoke the action of the gods and other entities belonging to the plane divine.
Another inferior form of magic was Mageia (etymological origin of the word the magic that we use in Latin languages), which was closer to hidden witchcraft and was practiced by individuals who claimed to have knowledge and powers to help certain people or to harm their enemies.
At the end of the Golden Age, during the height of the Mycenaean Civilization, the Greek pantheon adopted the Carian goddess, Hecate, and gave her the title of goddess of witchcraft and Queen of ghosts, also giving her a tripled image (a three-headed woman) in its iconography.
According to myth, Hecate was the daughter of two-second generation titans, Asteria and Perses, and obtained her powers as a gift from Zeus.
In pre-Hispanic Mesoamerican civilizations, shamanism had an important weight. Religious beliefs revolved around powerful deities who controlled natural phenomena and aspects of life itself and shamans were the people chosen as the bridge between the supernatural and incomprehensible world and the earth plane.
One of the most widely used practices in these civilizations was a human sacrifice as a payment for blood for the gods to provide prosperity in economic activity, although there was also a long tradition of making amulets and healing.
Some argue, however, that the real roots of witchcraft and magic as we envision them today stem from the Celts,a diverse group of Iron Age tribal societies that flourished between 700 BC and 100 AD in various areas of Europe.
Just as great metalworkers and magnificent artists themselves, some Celtic peoples were also profusely spiritual; their religion was pantheistic, which means that they related the divinity with certain phenomena of nature.
Around 350 BC, a priestly class known as the Druids had been developed who was in charge of predicting the future, healing, and some social aspects such as basic education and the law.
The Celts’ religious beliefs and practices, their love for the land, and their veneration for trees
(the oak in particular) became what was later known as paganism, although this label is also used for polytheistic beliefs. of the ancient Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans. For centuries, mixes between Celtic beliefs and rituals from other Indo-European groups gave rise to magical practices (potion making and spells) that were collectively known as the witchcraft of the medieval period.
Magic in the Middle Ages
The earliest Christian traditions related to saints and divine relics gave rise to many forms of amulets that were allusive to magic related to early Christianity, which was used to attract and convert pagans. However, in the 5th century AD, the influential Christian theologian Saint Augustine of Hippo affirmed that everything related to magic was an invention of the devil to guide humanity away from Christian truth; He also argued that neither Satan nor the witches could have any real supernatural power or might be able to effectively invoke magic. of any kind, that it was a “mistake of the heathen” to believe in any other supernatural power than that of God. Therefore, if witches were given as powerless, the Church saw no need to deal with their spells or bother to track them. In fact, it was like this for a long time:
Between the 8th and 9th centuries several characters dismissed their own belief in witches, such as the influential Bishop Agobardo de Lyon repudiated the belief that witches could rain, fly at night or change their shape;
There was also Saint Boniface, who said that one’s belief in witches was anti-Christian. For his part, Charlemagne, King of the Franks prohibited the burning of the supposed witches because he considered it a pagan practice.
But at the same time, the Church was beginning to influence civil law to create laws against witchcraft and to establish the Latin word “maleficium”, which originally meant doing evil, giving derogatory and satanic connotations to magical practices.
Magic became a crime against society and heresy against God. The Leptinnes Council of 744 drew up a list of superstitions prohibiting sacrifices on behalf of the saints and requiring the renunciation of demon worship (referring to the ancient Norse gods’ Thor and Odin) as part of the Christian baptism ceremony (remember that there was once a relationship between Norse mythology and Christianity when the latter came to northern Europe).
In medieval tradition, the Tempestarii was a magician who dwelt among ordinary people and who had the power to create or prevent storms at will. Anyone reputed as such was the object of respect, fear, or hatred in rural areas.
Church authorities credited the belief by saying that God allowed the devil and witches to carry out these acts as a punishment for evil in the world. Still, the Church banned superstitious remedies against witchcraft such as storm-dissipating spells and protective amulets, and brought before them prescribed prayer, the sacraments, and the invocation of the name of God.
Before the 13th and 14th centuries, witchcraft, beyond what people believed, had come to mean a set of beliefs and practices that included spell healing, ointments, and concoctions; he barely ventured into the supernatural through divination and clairvoyance.
In the 13th century, some cults related to pagan beliefs and rituals became directly satanic. Around the year 1208, Pope Innocent III began a persecution of a group of religious heretics are known as the Cathars, who believed in a universe where God and Satan were entities of equal power that were at odds; In that sense, God had created the essence and the heavens, while the Devil had created the Earth and the the material world, a belief similar to that of the 1st century Gnostics. The Church discredited the Cathars by spreading stories about Devil worship rituals and this gave rise to a series of conflicts that led to a crusade against heresy.
The end of this conflict came with the extermination of practically all the Cathars in 1229. The Inquisition also originated from this, whose objective was to search for and punish the few remaining Cathar heretics and compel them through torture to change their beliefs or else murder them.
Pope Gregory IX assigned the Dominican Order the duty to lead the Inquisition, it could act on its behalf and with full authority, but it was not until 1252 when Pope Innocent IV expressly authorized the use of torture among the accused. Over time, both Christian churches and secular (non-religious) organizations worked together to persecute witches.
Also in the 13th century, the leading Christian theologian Saint Thomas Aquinas argued that the world was full of evil and dangerous demons who were trying to lead people down the path of temptation, and thus began to associate witchcraft with sex.
𝗠𝗮𝘀𝘀𝗶𝗮𝗵𝗴 𝗕𝗿𝗲𝗮𝗸𝘀 𝗕𝗼𝘂𝗻𝗱𝗮𝗿𝗶𝗲𝘀 𝗥𝗲𝗽𝗼𝗿𝘁𝗲𝗱 𝗯𝘆 𝗜𝗺𝗮𝗻𝗶 𝗪𝗷 𝗪𝗿𝗶𝗴𝗵𝘁
“𝗜𝘁’𝘀 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗺𝗲𝗻𝘁𝗮𝗹𝗶𝘁𝘆 𝗜’𝗺 𝗸𝗲𝗲𝗽𝗶𝗻𝗴. 𝗬𝗼𝘂 𝗰𝗼𝘂𝗹𝗱 𝗻𝗲𝘃𝗲𝗿 𝘀𝘁𝗼𝗽 𝗶𝘁.” – 𝗠𝗮𝘀𝘀𝗶𝗮𝗵𝗴
𝗬𝗼𝘂 𝗸𝗻𝗼𝘄, 𝘁𝗵𝗲𝗿𝗲 𝗮𝗿𝗲 𝘀𝗲𝘃𝗲𝗿𝗮𝗹 𝗯𝗲𝗻𝗲𝗳𝗶𝘁𝘀 𝘁𝗵𝗮𝘁 𝗮𝗿𝘁 𝗰𝗮𝗻 𝗽𝗹𝗮𝘆 𝗶𝗻 𝗼𝘂𝗿 𝗹𝗶𝘃𝗲𝘀. 𝗜 𝗰𝗼𝘂𝗹𝗱 𝗵𝗼𝗻𝗲 𝗶𝗻 𝗼𝗻 𝘀𝗲𝘃𝗲𝗿𝗮𝗹 𝗮𝗿𝘁 𝗳𝗼𝗿𝗺𝘀, 𝗯𝘂𝘁 𝗹𝗲𝘁’𝘀 𝗳𝗼𝗰𝘂𝘀 𝗼𝗻 𝗺𝘂𝘀𝗶𝗰 𝗳𝗼𝗿 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝘁𝗶𝗺𝗲 𝗯𝗲𝗶𝗻𝗴. 𝗠𝘂𝘀𝗶𝗰 𝗵𝗮𝘀 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗮𝗯𝗶𝗹𝗶𝘁𝘆 𝘁𝗼 𝗺𝗼𝘁𝗶𝘃𝗮𝘁𝗲 𝘂𝘀 𝘄𝗵𝗲𝗻 𝘄𝗲 𝗻𝗲𝗲𝗱 𝘀𝗼𝗺𝗲 𝗽𝗮𝘀𝘀𝗶𝗼𝗻, 𝗮𝗻𝗱 𝗰𝗼𝗻𝘀𝗼𝗹𝗲 𝘂𝘀 𝘄𝗵𝗲𝗻 𝘄𝗲’𝗿𝗲 𝗶𝗻 𝗮𝗻 𝗲𝗺𝗼𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻𝗮𝗹 𝘀𝗹𝘂𝗺𝗽. 𝗧𝗵𝗶𝘀 𝗴𝗼𝗲𝘀 𝗳𝗼𝗿 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗹𝗶𝘀𝘁𝗲𝗻𝗲𝗿𝘀, 𝗮𝗻𝗱 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗰𝗿𝗲𝗮𝘁𝗼𝗿𝘀. 𝗔𝗻𝗱 𝗮𝘀 𝗜 𝘀𝗶𝘁 𝗵𝗲𝗿𝗲 𝗮𝗻𝗱 𝘁𝗵𝗶𝗻𝗸 𝗮𝗯𝗼𝘂𝘁 𝗶𝘁, 𝗼𝗻𝗲 𝗼𝗳 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗽𝘂𝗿𝗲𝘀𝘁 𝗮𝘀𝘀𝗲𝘁𝘀 𝗼𝗳 𝗺𝘂𝘀𝗶𝗰 𝗺𝗮𝘆 𝗯𝗲 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗳𝗿𝗲𝗲𝗱𝗼𝗺 𝘁𝗵𝗮𝘁 𝗶𝘁 𝗲𝗻𝘁𝗮𝗶𝗹𝘀. 𝗧𝗵𝗶𝘀 𝗽𝗲𝗿𝘁𝗮𝗶𝗻𝘀 𝗳𝗼𝗿 𝗯𝗼𝘁𝗵 𝘀𝗶𝗱𝗲𝘀, 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗹𝗶𝘀𝘁𝗲𝗻𝗲𝗿𝘀 𝗵𝗮𝘃𝗲 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗿𝗶𝗴𝗵𝘁 𝘁𝗼 𝗶𝗻𝘁𝗲𝗿𝗽𝗿𝗲𝘁 𝗮𝗻𝗱 𝗱𝗲𝘃𝗲𝗹𝗼𝗽 𝘄𝗵𝗮𝘁𝗲𝘃𝗲𝗿 𝗳𝗲𝗲𝗹𝗶𝗻𝗴𝘀 𝘁𝗵𝗲𝘆 𝗮𝗰𝗰𝗿𝘂𝗲, 𝗮𝘀 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗮𝗿𝘁𝗶𝘀𝘁𝘀 𝗵𝗮𝘃𝗲 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝘀𝗽𝗮𝗰𝗲 𝘁𝗼 𝗺𝗮𝗻𝗶𝗽𝘂𝗹𝗮𝘁𝗲 𝘀𝗼𝘂𝗻𝗱𝘀 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝘄𝗮𝘆 𝘁𝗵𝗲𝘆 𝘀𝗲𝗲 𝗳𝗶𝘁. 𝗪𝗵𝗶𝗹𝗲 𝗹𝗶𝘀𝘁𝗲𝗻𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝘁𝗼 𝗠𝗮𝘀𝘀𝗶𝗮𝗵𝗴’𝘀 𝗽𝗿𝗼𝗷𝗲𝗰𝘁, 𝗔𝗚𝗔𝗜𝗡𝗦𝗧 𝗧𝗛𝗘 𝗚𝗥𝗔𝗜𝗡𝗦, 𝗶𝘁’𝘀 𝗰𝗹𝗲𝗮𝗿 𝘁𝗵𝗮𝘁 𝗠𝗮𝘀𝘀𝗶𝗮𝗵𝗴 𝗶𝘀 𝗶𝗻𝗰𝗿𝗲𝗱𝗶𝗯𝗹𝘆 𝗶𝗻-𝘁𝗼𝘂𝗰𝗵 𝘄𝗶𝘁𝗵 𝗵𝗶𝘀 𝗮𝗿𝘁𝗶𝘀𝘁𝗿𝘆.
𝗪𝗵𝗲𝗻 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗶𝗻𝘁𝗿𝗼 𝘁𝗿𝗮𝗰𝗸 “𝗖𝗛𝗔𝗞𝗥𝗔𝗦,” 𝗰𝗼𝗺𝗲𝘀 𝗼𝗻, 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗮𝘁𝗺𝗼𝘀𝗽𝗵𝗲𝗿𝗲 𝗼𝗳 𝘁𝗵𝗶𝘀 𝗽𝗿𝗼𝗷𝗲𝗰𝘁 𝗶𝘀 𝘀𝗲𝘁. 𝗠𝗮𝘀𝘀𝗶𝗮𝗵𝗴’𝘀 𝗳𝗼𝗿𝗲𝗴𝗿𝗼𝘂𝗻𝗱 𝗮𝗻𝗱 𝗯𝗮𝗰𝗸𝗴𝗿𝗼𝘂𝗻𝗱 𝗮𝗽𝗽𝗿𝗼𝗮𝗰𝗵 𝘀𝗵𝗼𝘄 𝗳𝗲𝗮𝗿𝗹𝗲𝘀𝘀𝗻𝗲𝘀𝘀. 𝗛𝗲 𝗵𝗼𝗹𝗱𝘀 𝗻𝗼𝘁𝗵𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝗯𝗮𝗰𝗸 𝘄𝗶𝘁𝗵 𝗵𝗶𝘀 𝗳𝘂𝗺 𝗯𝘂𝘁 𝗿𝗶𝗴𝗼𝗿𝗼𝘂𝘀 𝗯𝗮𝗰𝗸𝗴𝗿𝗼𝘂𝗻𝗱 𝗮𝘀𝘀𝗲𝗿𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻𝘀. 𝗧𝗵𝗲𝘆 𝗮𝗱𝗱 𝗮 𝗰𝗲𝗿𝘁𝗮𝗶𝗻 𝗹𝗲𝘃𝗲𝗹 𝗼𝗳 𝗶𝗻𝘁𝗲𝗻𝘀𝗶𝘁𝘆 𝘁𝗼 𝗲𝗮𝗰𝗵 𝗹𝗶𝗻𝗲. 𝗛𝗲 𝗱𝗼𝗲𝘀𝗻’𝘁 𝗹𝗲𝘁 𝘂𝗽, 𝘁𝗵𝗶𝘀 𝘀𝘁𝗮𝘆𝘀 𝗳𝗼𝗿 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗱𝘂𝗿𝗮𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻 𝗼𝗳 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗽𝗿𝗼𝗷𝗲𝗰𝘁. 𝗧𝗵𝗮𝘁 𝗶𝘀 𝗷𝘂𝘀𝘁 𝗼𝗻𝗲 𝗲𝘅𝗮𝗺𝗽𝗹𝗲 𝗼𝗳 𝗵𝗶𝘀 𝗼𝘃𝗲𝗿𝗮𝗹𝗹 𝘀𝘁𝗲𝗮𝗱𝗳𝗮𝘀𝘁𝗻𝗲𝘀𝘀 𝗮𝗻𝗱 𝗱𝗲𝗱𝗶𝗰𝗮𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻 𝘁𝗼 𝗵𝗶𝘀 𝘀𝗼𝘂𝗻𝗱.
“𝗗𝗼𝗻’𝘁 𝗻𝗲𝗲𝗱 𝗰𝗿𝗲𝗱𝗶𝘁 𝗼𝗿 𝗮𝗽𝗽𝗿𝗼𝘃𝗮𝗹.”
𝗪𝗲 𝗮𝗹𝘀𝗼 𝗵𝗲𝗮𝗿 𝗱𝗶𝘃𝗲𝗿𝘀𝗶𝘁𝘆 𝗶𝗻 𝘁𝗵𝗶𝘀 𝗽𝗿𝗼𝗷𝗲𝗰𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻. 𝗧𝗵𝗲 𝗶𝗻𝘀𝘁𝗿𝘂𝗺𝗲𝗻𝘁𝗮𝗹𝘀 𝗮𝗿𝗲 𝗻𝗼𝘁 𝘀𝘁𝗮𝗴𝗻𝗮𝗻𝘁, 𝗮𝗻𝗱 𝘁𝗵𝗲𝘆 𝗰𝗮𝗿𝗿𝘆 𝘀𝗲𝘃𝗲𝗿𝗮𝗹 𝗱𝗶𝗳𝗳𝗲𝗿𝗲𝗻𝘁 𝘀𝘁𝘆𝗹𝗲𝘀 𝗼𝗳 𝘀𝗼𝘂𝗻𝗱 𝗮𝗻𝗱 𝗲𝗹𝗲𝗺𝗲𝗻𝘁𝘀. 𝗬𝗼𝘂 𝗵𝗲𝗮𝗿 𝗵𝗲𝗮𝘃𝘆 𝗧𝗿𝗮𝗽 𝗯𝗮𝘀𝘀 𝗼𝗻 𝘁𝗵𝗶𝘀 𝗽𝗿𝗼𝗷𝗲𝗰𝘁, 𝗯𝘂𝘁 𝘆𝗼𝘂 𝗮𝗹𝘀𝗼 𝗵𝗲𝗮𝗿 𝗥𝗻𝗕 𝗦𝗼𝘂𝗹 𝘀𝗮𝗺𝗽𝗹𝗲𝘀 𝗼𝗳 𝗔𝗹 𝗚𝗿𝗲𝗲𝗻. 𝗧𝗵𝗲𝗿𝗲 𝗶𝘀 𝗻𝗼 𝗳𝗲𝗮𝗿 𝗵𝗲𝗮𝗿𝗱 𝗼𝗻 𝗔𝗚𝗔𝗜𝗡𝗦𝗧 𝗧𝗛𝗘 𝗚𝗥𝗔𝗜𝗡, 𝗮𝗻𝗱 𝗶𝘁 𝗰𝗮𝗻 𝗹𝗶𝗴𝗵𝘁 𝗮 𝗳𝗶𝗿𝗲 𝗶𝗻𝘀𝗶𝗱𝗲 𝗼𝗳 𝘆𝗼𝘂.
𝗧𝗮𝗸𝗲 𝗮 𝗟𝗶𝘀𝘁𝗲𝗻: 𝗵𝘁𝘁𝗽𝘀://𝗼𝗽𝗲𝗻.𝘀𝗽𝗼𝘁𝗶𝗳𝘆.𝗰𝗼𝗺/𝗮𝗹𝗯𝘂𝗺/𝟬𝗤𝟮𝗶𝘀𝗩𝗨𝟴𝗭𝗽𝗜𝗴𝟰𝗡𝗝𝘇𝗳𝗯𝗪𝗫𝗽𝗪?𝗻𝗱=𝟭
𝗠𝗮𝘀𝘀𝗶𝗮𝗵𝗴 𝗼𝗻 𝗜𝗻𝘀𝘁𝗮𝗴𝗿𝗮𝗺: 𝘄𝘄𝘄.𝗶𝗻𝘀𝘁𝗮𝗴𝗿𝗮𝗺.𝗰𝗼𝗺/𝗺𝗮𝘀𝘀𝗶𝗮𝗵𝗴
Dr. Sudhir Bhola – The Famous Indian Ayurvedic Doctor.
Contrary to the widespread belief amongst the masses, a doctor or a medical practitioner with aid of medicines is the only medium to solve critical problems like erectile dysfunction or P.E., however, this is not true. In the spectrum of majority sexual disorders, counseling plays a pivotal role as compared to medicines.
A plain dialect with a psychologist can work wonders and help you to overcome your fears & stigmas around sexual performance; speaking of which, how can one miss to mention the best Sexologist doctor from India, Dr Sudhir Bhola. Dr. Bhola firmly believes in the balanced theory of medicines, counseling, and lifestyle changes. His ideology of perfect blend between cognitive and behavioral aspects has helped him bag some of the most prestigious awards in the field of sexology over the past 20 years. He is a renowned doctor who has been practicing for over three decades, helping and guiding patients from all over the world.
Born on 8th November 1965 to a humble household, he is an active member of many eminent associations around the globe like the European Society for Sexual Medicine, National Ayurvedic Medical Association of U.S.A., International Society for Sexual Medicine, The American College of Sexologists, and many more. Dr. Bhola has been active in many charitable events and aims to make the millennials and GenZ more vigilant and informed about the importance of sex education. He is one of the first doctors to introduce Linear shock wave ED therapy in India, which has emphatically proven that even without medicines, critical sexual-disorders can be treated.
India, bestowed by the gift of Ayurveda by Seers and Rishis, itself highlights the profound connection between the mind and the body, retrospectively a healthy balance must be ensured between both to treat any illness. Dr. Sudhir Bhola believes Ayurveda is the key to a healthy sexual life without having to worry about any sort of side effects. The disease is known is half cured and the best part of the treatment offered at Dr. Bhola’s clinic is that you are always in touch with psycho-sexologists and doctors who strive to decipher the root-cause of patient concerns.
With such eminent doctors in the sphere of healthcare, there’s a paradigm shift in the mindset that has altered the stigma around sexual concerns. In addition to this, it has successfully revolutionized the outlook of people in regard to Ayurveda and psychology. In today’s hectic world of competitions, it is really difficult to manage a healthy diet or exercise regime which leads to many health disorders including hypertension, obesity, and sexual dysfunctions. At Curewell Therapies, doctors not only help you recover from these medical problems but help you change and improve your basic lifestyle in order to get long-lasting relief.
How to Buy A Used Motorcycle – Checklist
The MENA region has seen a rise in motorcycles on its road in the last few years. The Japanese giant, Honda Motors is known for producing reliable and safe vehicles across the globe and so, it is no surprise that some of the best Honda Motorcycles have taken the more popular spots than the others.
However, with prices ranging high – Honda Shine’s average price is around $950 while Honda Unicorn is $1,300, maybe opting for a used bike would be a better option, until you gain some confidence and a better handle on the vehicle.
- Visual Inspection
To make sure you are not being duped and are actually getting a fair price on the motorcycle it is important you conduct a visual examination first. Before you even start the motorbike or haggle on the price, just look at the vehicle and see if it meets the criteria you already have set out.
Make sure the bike is thoroughly cleaned. Regardless of how old the bike is, if it is well kept and cleaned properly and shines like it would if it was in a showroom, you know the bike was taken care of fairly well and would be up to the standard.
- Exhaust Pipe
Second, look at the exhaust pipe. Make sure that it is properly mounted on the bike and is not corroded. Ask the seller to start up the bike in front of you and look for abnormal sounds. If they exist, the motorcycle is probably not up to the standard.
Thirdly, and most importantly, look at the VIN (Vehicle Identifier Number). These usually consist of 17 characters. The following is how they are divided:
- Characters 1 – 3 are known as World Manufacturer Identifier (WMI). They show where the motorbike was manufactured.
- Characters 4 – 9 are the Vehicle Descriptor Section. These convey attributes of the vehicle.
- Characters 10 – 17 are the Vehicle Identifier Section. These give specific information about the vehicle such as the engine, model year, transmission, and plant code.
Make sure you touch the VIN and see that it is engraved and part of the motorcycle and not just panted over or stuck on. This could really help in identifying if the motorcycle is genuine or not. If you are unsure of what the VIN should look like in the particular brand of motorcycle, look them up online and take a screenshot with you. It is better to be safe than sorry.
- Wear and Tear
Lastly, while conducting the physical examination, look for the areas where there is usual wear and tear such as the handlebars and foot pegs and even the levers. If certain parts seem odd, example they do not match the rest of the bike or seemed to be dented or bend in another direction, then it is likely that the seller had them replaced which is usually an indication of a prior crash or accident in which the motorcycle had undergone distress. If the seller had said otherwise, then it’s likely that he is not being fully honest with you which begs the question of what else has he not been truthful about regarding the vehicle.
- Under the Seat
This is quite crucial. Open the seat and have a look inside. If the wires are unicolored, it means the seller was too cheap to buy the proper equipment to fix it. Also, look for pieces of tape holding wires together or mix match connectors. This is not okay, and the safety standard of the motorcycle just went down significantly. So, beware.
- Test Drive
After conducting the visual examination, take the motorcycle for a spin. Remember, this is very important. Make sure the bike was cold when you started it up, and pay attention to the sound the engine makes, as discussed above. Then take it for a test drive through the route most similar to the one you are likely to take on an everyday basis.
There is no harm in buying a secondhand motorcycle. It is just important the vehicle you buy is of proper standard and that you are not being duped and get a fair trade.
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