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Definition of American Football

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Definition of American Football

American Football

As its name suggests, American football originates from an American country, the United States. It is a sport that emerged in the late nineteenth century as a variant of British rugby, which in turn is a different version of football

Basic rules

Two teams of 11 players each face each other on a 100-yard court divided into 10 equal parts and for four 15-minute periods. The main objective of the game is for each team to take the oval ball to the other end of the field to score a goal, a touchdown. Each team has four opportunities or downs to advance 10 yards, which are marked on the field of play.

if 10 yards or more is advanced, there are four other opportunities to move the ball forward, which can be done in several ways (running with the ball in hand or passing the ball forward to another player). At the same time, the opposing team tries to prevent the ball from advancing. In this way, the members of each team try to advance their position while the rivals try to prevent it.

Strategic games, in which to anticipate the opponent’s plays

In the event that after 3 attempts they have failed to advance 10 yards, they will most likely kick the ball away from the end zone. If they manage to advance with the ball towards the opposite extreme zone, a touchdown will be scored, which is worth 6 points or 7 points if they kick the ball and it crosses the posts of the rival goal. Another option is to kick a field goal on the fourth opportunity, as long as the team is near the posts and has failed to advance 10 yards on the previous three opportunities (in this case the goal is worth 3 points).

American football terminology

In each sport, there are a series of terms that are necessary to understand the dynamics of the game and all the culture related to it. As for the players, there are the attackers (known as quarterback), the receivers are the wide receivers, the fastest is the running back and the center is the one that puts the ball in play.

In mass media very often talk about the All-Pro Team, the team that would be perfect. Assistant coaches are called assistant coaches. The visiting team is the Away game and one of the main judges of the match is the back judge.

Football importance in America

American football is currently very popular in the United States, something that the sport has achieved thanks to its great historical evolution briefly commented on in the previous sections. Its spectacular nature makes it a very attractive sport for most Americans. Therefore, it could be firmly said that, together with basketball and perhaps baseball, it is the most important sport in the country. It is very common for students to practice it in universities, and it is also very followed by a large majority of Americans. For this reason, the university leagues have become great shows attended by hundreds of people. However, American football is also very famous in Canada, where they also have a great league. 8 American football players are usually covered and with facial features painted because it was ordered in 1983 by the coach of the National League of America. show war.

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Tips for designing baseball jerseys – What you should keep in mind

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Tips for designing baseball jerseys – What you should keep in mind

Baseball jerseys

If you are a baseball enthusiast just like me, the season for sport is always around the corner. And if you are a coach, a manager, or a mentor for amateur/professional baseball teams, then there is never a bad time to think about how to make your team look professional in front of the opponents

What your players wear on the baseball field can go leaps and bounds towards reflecting their feel for the game. Outfitting them in well-crafted baseball uniforms, and they will surpass their limits and develop a strong bond for the game that supporters will remember for a long time

At a time when people are complaining about the lack of support in baseball, teams are looking out for new and exciting ways to make their baseball jersey look upbeat and professionally appealing.

In this blog post, we will discuss some of the tricks and tips we have for designing the right set of baseball jerseys.

if you are interested in sport you should check our website https://www.techlux.ga/ for daily tech style and gear

Your choice of colors will give you a competitive advantage

If you have seen the shades and colors for the baseball uniforms in the past, you would know what I’m talking about right now. The vintage color combinations from the 60s and 70s are back and are creating an astounding impact on the people.

As it should be, blue is the warmest color and should be more used by teams in the uniforms. Back in the day, Saint Louis Cardinals would rock on and impress everyone with their color combinations. The uniform became so popular that people actually started following in a similar suit.

To this day, it has become an epitome of their uniform spirit, and people have loved it so much that they brought the color combination back for the 2019 season. The team had a competitive run back in the day, and they did ignite a fire among the players and supporters with that combination.

Since a lot of warmer colors are in fashion, there are some don’ts that you should know about. Among them is the all-black combination for baseball uniforms. I surely understand why teams choose black color for the uniforms, because it goes well with their logo and their uniform philosophy.

But before jumping to conclusions, hear me out. Even though the color looks pretty dominating, which you can use for your advantage, it will also look much better than white. But if your baseball team is prone to playing in the light, you will be putting in a disadvantage.

The main reason for that is because black color soaks up the light and changes it into heat, which is one of the reasons why so many professional teams have stopped using the black color in the uniforms.

Among other color combinations that normally gets a nod from the supporters is the grey color. This combination of black and white, grey is the ideal color for baseball uniforms. It is common for sure, but that is precisely the point. It does not soak up the light and changes into heat like the black color, the stains are not visible, and it looks clean and crisp.

Another interesting fact is that it gets along with any other color, which is one of the reasons why so many professional and amateur teams use it for their uniforms.

Styling your baseball uniforms with graphics, letters, and numbers

This may seem like an unpopular opinion, but pinstripes are my ultimate choice for uniforms. They may seem to fade away in the current fashion trends, but in the baseball uniforms world, they are absolute gold. Seasons after seasons, teams have used them in their uniforms and make the players feel special.

For some reason without stripes, baseball uniforms don’t really look like baseball uniforms. They create a feeling that is difficult to describe, but every baseball enthusiast would know what I’m talking about. They just don’t go out of style.

Another interesting thing about the stripes is that they make a bad uniform look good. Earlier, we talked about how white color looks bad in the uniforms, but if you pair it up with stripes, then you are creating an appealing look.

One thing that teams should avoid is the designing of large graphics on uniforms. There was a time when MLB thought of it as a brilliant idea, but the designs on the uniforms turned out to be worse than anybody could imagine.

However, if you want to create a pristine look, a logo on the left chest would do just fine. Your jersey number on the right and your logo on the left will create a killer look for your uniforms. And it is something that the fans will remember for a long time.

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Sports News 1

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Sports News

The expansion of the newspaper together with the radio, facilitated the rapid dissemination of competitions and sports news, both constituting a means through which to attract more audiences and creating a reciprocal relationship between the media and sports. Later, television contributed even more to popularizing sporting events, to the point that television companies now include in their programming the broadcasting of their games, championships, leagues, news, and channels on the world of sports.

The importance of Sports News practice in its communicative aspect is clear. A lot of space is dedicated to promoting sport as a show since sports journalism is one of the news modalities with the largest audience today.

How does the media influence sports performance?

Soccer is one of the most popular sports, due to the millions of fans and spectators who follow it around the world. The influence it exerts on people is evident, it is part of their reality, even if their identity, finding in football a way to express their emotions in a cathartic way, which otherwise they might not do. The followers identify with a team from the league of their country and with their selection, they adopt the characteristic colors and symbols that reinforce their self-esteem and integration in a certain group or social group.

Since the appearance of the Internet, the modes of distribution and dissemination of content have multiplied, displacing television and radio to the background. The resources directed to soccer on the net are abundant, from the web pages of each club to the soccer channels that broadcast the games in real-time.

The influence of public evaluation on the performance of athletes, according to Fernando Gimeno et al. (2001), is a specific stress variable because it constitutes a very specific factor related to assessment and social anxiety. Influence can be produced through the opinions of external agents, receiving criticism or recognition, observing gestures, and listening to instructions or comments from people important to the athlete.

The vast majority of high competition footballers psychologically experience the pressure, often excessive, of the media, of the fear of disappointing the expectations of the general public and physical exhaustion due to the large number of competitions that they are forced to play.

The constant pressure, both external and internal, to which the players are subjected, manifests itself in a high activation that, poorly managed, can lead to a loss of concentration, lack of motivation, a manifestation of irrational beliefs and the appearance of episodes of anxiety or other derived psychological problems. Therefore, the pressure to satisfy public and media opinion, together with the mismanagement of criticism received from the environment, can negatively influence the player’s environment and sports performance, if the player does not have sufficient strategies, skills or confidence in their coping style.

The footballer plays in and for a team, a city, and sometimes representing an entire country, feeling the obligation to win to meet general expectations. The external pressure for the result is undeniable, they may have played the best game of their life, the most important thing is if they have won and got all three points. In the same way, the players feel a great responsibility with their team, and with their followers, they have to give their best and they must not disappoint the fans. A hobby that watches carefully any action on the pitch, praises a pass or a goal, penalizes the error as much as possible, and if the results are not reached whistles or insults.

The elite athletes of this type of sports are continually exposed to evaluation and criticism, not only of themselves on a personal level but also of their followers and the sports media that judge they’re worth, always being within the media focus and Sometimes they are discredited to increase the sale of newspapers or guarantee higher levels of audience.

How can a sports psychologist help?

Sports psychologists can teach players to find their optimal activation point and to look for the sensations that lead them to that excellent coping area. The objective is to develop those coping skills and strategies that contribute to the athlete being able to control the anxiety generated by situations in which his environment or the athlete himself makes a negative evaluation of his performance, which will lead him to perform the best sports performance.

Sport has a great social impact and could be used to build a better society, with ethical values of solidarity and companionship. If a player bases his performance on social recognition when he does not have the public in favor, he will sink and his performance will decrease. Therefore, it is worth helping to work on the emotional and mental part of athletes, so that they learn to adequately cope with stressful situations and thus achieve the maximum possible performance that they can offer. In short, it is about providing solutions and encouraging

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Soccer is Essential and helpful for health and Women in soccer, a way to go-2

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Soccer is Essential and helpful for health and Women in soccer, a way to go-2

On the world day of working women, there is always talk of a world where the female role still has a long way to go, soccer. The woman in soccer has seen some challenges have been achieved in recent years, but we must continue demanding a more equal and important for the female figure in the sport in general Check ufabet for more details.

To learn more about how you live as a footballer in a women’s league, we have spoken with Málaga CF player Carmen Gómez, who received the “ Recognized ” award in 2017, an award given by the Malaga Provincial Council to women who are fighting for equality. Carmen is still in high school, but she is a basic pillar of Málaga CF Femenino “B”, recently promoted to the Second Division.

Valuing more the role of women in sport

Sport is a world where men have more impact today, women’s competitions do not have the same place in the media, despite being the ones that gave us the greatest joys in the last Games or that the women’s team played for the first time a World Cup in 2015.

“ In sports, women are very little helped and valued for what they deserve. With time, and above all effort, she is being rewarded, but not half of what she deserves. ” This is how emphatic Carmen is shown, who also believes that society ” gives more recognition to men’s sports than to women’s sports “.

Discriminatory cases, such as the one we met a few weeks ago in which a men’s team insulted and caused the suspension of a match between two sets of women’s leagues in Spain, do not favor the growth that is sought to achieve parity between men’s competitions. and women.

“ It seems incredible to me that in the time that we are continuing to see cases like this and even worse. All this continues to happen because those who have to do something about it do not do it and as long as this continues, we will continue to suffer, unfortunately, cases like this “, Carmen has told us about these events that continue to occur today.

Better support for women’s sports by everyone

In Spain, women’s football has experienced slight progress thanks to a more organized league and with an important sponsor behind, although for Carmen it is not enough yet. The Málaga player sees a promising future since she believes that ” now everyone is realizing that women’s football and sport in global terms.

His team has a very emotional story behind it. Atlético Málaga, the dean team of Andalusian women’s football, joined Malaga CF in the summer of 2016, an operation that demonstrated the commitment of the Blue and Whites’ organization to women’s football.

 

Since then, the team has achieved promotion to the First Division in the summer of 2018, which together with the subsidiary’s promotion to the Second Division in the same season, has served to certify the success of the club’s successful commitment to women’s football.

Recognition of their fight for equality

The Diputación de Málaga is in charge of delivering these awards, a recognition that was not expected and received with great joy. “It was vital to me, once they called me to let me know I didn’t believe it.”

Despite her joy, Carmen is confident that this is an award “that in a while it will not be necessary to give it, because all girls and women have to fight for their dreams and for what they want.

soccer

Jul 22, 2016; Kansas City, KS, USA; U.S. Women’s Olympic Soccer Team forward Mallory Pugh (2) tries to get past Costa Rica defender Lixy Rodrigues (12) in the USA vs Costa Rica friendly at Children’s Mercy Park. Mandatory Credit: Gary Rohman/MLS/USA TODAY Sports

Women’s football in the world

Historically, soccer has been associated with a men’s sport around the world, and women’s teams have been overshadowed, not having the same support or visibility.

The introduction of events such as the FIFA Women’s World Cup in 1991, the creation of the FIFA U-20 Women’s World Cup in 2002 and the FIFA U-17 Women’s World Cup in 2008 are just a few examples of the efforts that have been made to make this sport practiced by women visible.

Despite this,  currently, not all countries have a professional women’s league that seeks the professionalization of their players.In Europe, for example, there are some leagues such as the English, the Swedish, or the German that have a very strong tradition and many years of work behind.

Other countries such as Spain are a recent case on the way to professionalization, which today results in a first division tournament that has 16 Spanish teams playing two laps.

For the director, although this activity is not yet profitable, different investment efforts are being made to change the trend and support the players.

The transformation of the labor relations between the clubs and the professionals was a turning point that meant that an activity, which was not previously regulated, became governed by Spanish regulations.

According to Malabia, “it is noteworthy that for three years one of the terms that were set was that all the players had to have an employment contract, with a contribution to the social security system and a contribution of protection.”

Despite these efforts in Spain, footballers in the European country must face a huge salary gap as in the whole world.

Like the recent statements of some Colombian players,  Paula Ricart, a Valencia player, assures that a woman cannot live on soccer. This athlete, who has been playing in Spain for seven years and has developed her sports career there, argues that most players must have a ‘plan b‘  to sustain themselves financially.

“I am a medical student because in the long term I cannot count on soccer. We all have a parallel career because if there is already an important salary gap between ourselves, it is even greater with men’s soccer.  It’s kind of exorbitant, we don’t even earn a tenth of what a normal player earns. ”  

It may interest you: ‘Me too’, when Colombian football was assaulted and sexually harassed

In the case of the American continent, one of the strongest leagues is in the United States. Here, the women’s league is made up of nine teams, some associated with men’s teams.

The Chicago Red Starsis one of the independent women’s teams. Michael Niche, the team’s spokesman, believes that the women’s game is faster than the men’s and much more technical, which makes it more attractive.

“I think that in many of the men’s games you see something more physical and whenever there is a fall or a lack, everyone knows that there is a part of the theater in that. I would say that is never seen in the women’s game because they can be injured or they can fall and they recover quickly and continue playing. So if a viewer is looking for a game where you see a strong person, the women’s game may be the best option, “says Niche.

Health benefits of soccer for sedentary people

In our society, soccer is a very popular team sport with more than 400 million active players worldwide, due to motivational and social factors, it may contain great potential as a health promotion activity for inactive people passionate about this sport (1,2).

In soccer, many actions take places such as sprints, sudden accelerations and decelerations, maximum jumps, quick blows with the foot, and many other situations. This integration of different types of actions and exercises that occur in football seems to have a great impact on the three main areas of fitness ( metabolic fitness, cardiovascular fitness, musculoskeletal fitness ), which leads to a significant positive impact on risk. suffering from diseases derived from our current lifestyle (3).

Short and long-term studies have shown that regular participation in soccer training recreationally has a wide range of benefits in physical condition, as well as favorable effects on cardiovascular risk factors such as maximum oxygen consumption, cardiac function, or mass. body fat in sedentary young men and women (4).

In addition to short-term benefits, people who have played soccer permanently throughout their lives are associated with better left ventricular systolic function, better physical fitness, microvascular function, and healthier body composition than adults. healthy of the same age, but who have been most of their sedentary lives. What could reduce cardiovascular mortality and morbidity (5)?

The benefits of this sports practice in a recreational way have not only been examined in physiological parameters, but recreational soccer is also an activity that promotes social interaction, the creation of social capital and networks between people. It also appears to have the potential to promote long-term adherence to physical activity, even for men and women with no prior experience in the sport. In these inexperienced people, a rewarding psychological state and low concern scores were reported during the game, considering soccer training as a fun and rewarding activity in itself (6)..com

soccer

CARSON, CA – FEBRUARY 09: Forward Megan Rapinoe #15 of USA scores against Canada in the second half of a CONCACAF Women’s Olympic Qualifying final at Dignity Health Sports Park in Carson on Sunday, February 9, 2020. The USA won 3-0. (Photo by Keith Birmingham/MediaNews Group/Pasadena Star-News via Getty Images)

What results is scientific research providing us with the health benefits of football?

Regular participation in recreational soccer training organized in the form of reduced game situations (5 × 5, 7 × 7, etc.), two to three times a week, has been an effective strategy, according to various authors, to provoke cardiovascular adaptations and significant muscle, including muscle growth and increased levels of muscle strength, regardless of age, sex or level of soccer experience (6).

One study (7) compared the effects of a recreational soccer program with a parallel intervention group that carried out continuous running. In this study, they found that during the 12 weeks of the program, the soccer group recorded, in contrast to the continuous running group, an increase in lean body mass and bone mass in the legs, as well as an increase in the oxidation of fats during the race and a significant reduction in LDL cholesterol levels.

These data suggest that intermittent exercise typical of an activity such as soccer, with maximum and submaximal periods of heart rate and multiple intense actions during training, stimulates the musculoskeletal system and causes important cardiovascular adaptations in 3 months.

Regarding its benefit in children and youth, soccer training has been demonstrated as a method to improve performance in intermittent exercises, coordination, and maximum oxygen consumption. Furthermore, for obese children, regular participation is at least as effective in improving physical condition, parameters related to health, and self-esteem as a traditional physical exercise program (6).

Improvements in bone mineral content and bone density area were also observed in prepubertal children who had participated in soccer activities for a year compared to a control group, indicating that participation in soccer at this age is not only positive for improving physical condition and decrease body fat mass but also to increase bone mass and density levels, a very important aspect to develop at these ages in the face of adult life (10).

In addition to all the effects observed in men, in recent years, the health effects of playing soccer recreationally in untrained women have shown increasing interest through publications that have examined the effects that this type of sport contributes to various parameters. health (1,11, 12, 13).

One of the studies (1) compared the cardiovascular health profile of a group of 27 elite soccer players (24.4 ± 4.0 years, 172 ± 5 cm and 64.3 ± 6.0 kg) with a control group of 28 untrained women (29, 3 ± 5.7 years, 168 ± 5 cm) and a group of 8 untrained women (27.0 ± 6.5 years, 169 ± 8 cm and 74.0 ± 10.8 kg) who participated in soccer training during a 16-week program. Although the results showed that elite-level players had a better cardiovascular health profile, a higher level of maximum oxygen consumption, a lower percentage of body fat and better cardiac function than the group of untrained women, the results also showed that the profile The cardiovascular health of the group of untrained women improved markedly through participation in soccer training.

On the other hand, if we focus on the benefits for the musculoskeletal system, it has been found that a group of 8 untrained women (27.0 ± 6.5 years, VO2max 33.8 ± 5.7 mL/min/kg) after participating in a 16-week recreational soccer program, they benefited from positive adaptations related to the musculoskeletal health profile, including an increase in lean mass, reduction of fat mass, and improved postural balance (14).

Benefits of playing soccer in children and adolescents

The benefits of playing soccer in children have been demonstrated, not only from the physical but mental level. In this article, we have created a list of nine benefits, some known by most, and others, surely surprising.

The emotional development of those who practice it

Soccer is a sport that moves passions, both for those who practice it and for those who play it. And if you don’t believe it, stop by a sports hall on a Sunday morning to see how the names of the boys from both teams cheer up and chant.

The camaraderie, responsibility towards the team, and the desire to excel are internalized in the little footballers, strengthening their character and developing their emotional intelligence.

Indicated for hyperactive children: they help to create discipline

The second of the benefits of playing soccer in children goes to the most active. Many times, as parents we find it difficult to set limits and mark the path of our children. Encouraging sport in the smallest is one of the best ways to create a discipline since they have the use of reason. As you become more and more committed, your accomplishments are coming.

Spirit of improvement

A little related to the previous point. The spirit of improvement will be one of the qualities that will make a difference in the future of your child. It does not matter if it is your work, personal or sentimental life; knowing how to overcome yourself will be the solution to your problems.

Encourage him to improve and don’t let him give up even if he’s not the best on the team. You may have sleeping abilities that are waiting to be polished.

Logical ability.

This is one of my favorites. How important logic is to make so many decisions! This sport helps them think quickly, every time they have to think about what would be the most appropriate move.

Knowing how to make decisions quickly speeds up time and allows us to use other things. Your little one will know how to be firm and make a quick and logical decision.

Help to socialize

As expected, the bonds that are created in a group are special. Sports like soccer help to socialize, since you share time, effort, defeats, and victories with people with the same interest and the same age.

Increase leg power

Physically, playing soccer, like any other sport, is going to help them get in shape, stay in a healthy state, and ward off obesity and other blights that attack children in the 21st century.

Besides, being a sport that promotes, above all, the lower body, it achieves an increase in the power of the legs.

Stimulates motor coordination: better balance, strength and good posture

Soccer is a complete exercise that develops large muscle groups and involves different aspects of the physical condition: strength, speed, stability or balance, good posture, etc. Another benefit of playing soccer in children is the improvement in motor coordination.

Oxygenates the blood and improves cardiovascular capacity

Like any self-respecting aerobic sport, soccer helps to oxygenate the blood and amplify cardiovascular capacity from a young age, facilitating their involvement with the sport when they grow up.

Increase testosterone

In both boys and girls, high impact movements and speed bursts favor the release of endorphins and the increase of testosterone, to obtain much more robust muscle tissue.

Improves adaptability to changes

Soccer is a sport in which you cannot be focused on something alone since you have to be very aware of the external factors that will be the ones that modify the future of the game.

What is causing all these adaptations?

One of the characteristics that may be causing such favorable results and in such diverse populations, from youth to adults, regardless of age and sex, maybe the high heart rate rates observed in different types of recreational soccer training, through the variation in the number of players and the playing space. These play situations, usually in tight spaces (4 × 4, 5 × 5, 6 × 6, 7 × 7), seem to have the potential to create physiological adaptations and improve performance with regular training in all of this variety of population groups. (8).

Besides, factors such as the number of players or the size of the playing area affect the responses in terms of heart rate, increasing the cardiovascular demand of the game when it is carried out with fewer players. Therefore the number of players stands as a primary factor when it comes to controlling the intensity of tasks and training in soccer (16).

 The true protagonists of the game

As you have read, soccer can contribute much more than it is currently contributing to us. As a show we all want this sport to continue offering us its best stars through our televisions and soccer stadiums. But little by little, we have to get the true protagonists of this game to be all those people who are sitting on the sofa, waiting to see their idols.

This sport gives us too many physiological justifications to give it the importance it deserves in terms of health promotion in the society. Soccer can become a great tool to cross the line of sedentary lifestyle and inactivity for thousands of people who love this sport and move towards more active and healthy behaviors.

In the next publication of this series of two articles, we will talk about the effects of soccer practice in people with pathologies of great social relevance such as hypertension, obesity or type II diabetes, among others, again under the perspective of the latest research and of this new line of research that is emerging to give soccer a new perspective: the perspective of the benefits of soccer for health.

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