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classified site

What is a classified site?

The law of 2 May 1930, now codified (Articles L.341-1 to 342-22 of the Environmental Code), provides that natural monuments or sites of artistic, historical, scientific, legendary or picturesque interest general can be protected. It states two levels of protection:

  • The inscription the recognition of the interest of a site whose evolution requires particular vigilance. This is the first level of protection that can lead to a ranking.
  • The classifications very strong protection to preserve the sites of exceptional or remarkable heritage value.

Departmental atlases of listed and registered sites have been completed. Composed of two components (a cartographic component and a file presenting each site in terms of its heritage interest and the management principles to be observed), they are intended to facilitate the knowledge of this heritage and its consideration, in terms of, particularly urbanism.

The Grand Site National Operations (OGS) are initiatives initiated by the Ministry of Ecology and Sustainable Development for the most prestigious sites and which are degraded or threatened by too much tourism. They aim to improve public reception and adapt it to the quality and fragility of each site.

The inscription concerns sites deserving of protection but not of sufficient interest to justify their classification, or constitutes a precautionary measure before classification. The classification offers stronger protection compared to the inscription, by prohibiting, except special authorization, the realization of all works tending to modify the aspect of the site.

Creation

Classified site.

The initiative of launching the procedure of classification of a site returns either to the minister, or to the regional directorates of the environment, or to the departmental commissions of the sites, perspectives, and landscapes. The procedure depends on the nature of the owners concerned.

– When the site belongs in whole or in part to private persons, an investigation is opened by the perfect allowing any interested person, and not only the owners, to make his observations. This investigation falls under a specific procedure defined in articles 4 and 5 of the decree of 1969. The owners have a period of twenty days to notify the prefect of their consent or opposition to the project. The same amount of time is left to the owner or to each of the owners to make their observations known. At the end of this period, if the order of investigation was notified to the owner, the silence of the latter amounts to a tacit agreement; in the absence of notification, its silence amounts to the opposition. In case of agreement of the owners, the decision of classification is then taken by the order of the minister in charge of the sites after the opinion of the departmental committee of the sites. In case of express or tacit opposition of an owner, a decree in the council of state is necessary after the opinion of the departmental committee and the higher commission of sites, perspectives, and landscapes. There is then the classification of office.

– When the site belongs to the State or to a public person other than the State, the investigation is not necessary. In case of agreement between the Minister of Finance and the Minister in whose attributions the site is placed, the classification is pronounced by order of the Minister in charge of the sites. Failing agreement, the decision is made by decree in the Council of State.

– Finally, if the site belongs to a public person other than the State (commune, department, public establishment, etc.) and that this one agrees, the decision of classification is taken by the minister in charge of the sites. Otherwise, the decision must be taken by decree in the Council of State.

The classification decision is published in the Official Journal and is notified individually to the owners if the classification contains prescriptions likely to modify the state or use of the premises. The Official Journal also publishes each year the list of sites classified during the past year.

In municipalities with an approved local urban plan, the perimeter must appear in the appendix of public utility easements enforceable against third parties within one year from the entry into force of the servitude. Otherwise, the easement becomes unenforceable through the building permit.

Management

The management to be carried out in the sites varies according to the sites themselves. Thus, the management of rocky coasts or cliffs, bodies of water, natural monuments, waterfalls, rocks, or remarkable trees, will often be less complex to drive than that of agricultural, forest or aquaculture spaces, historical sites or high places of memory; in these cases, management is conducted in consultation with numerous local actors, owners, operators or users of these spaces.

Regulations

The law provides for two levels of protection: registration and classification, with the ranking being the most restrictive. Classified and registered sites enjoy regulatory protection. Although protection decisions do not include regulations such as nature reserves, they have the effect of triggering specific control procedures on activities likely to affect the property.

In classified site, any modification of the state or the aspect of the site is subjected to a special authorization either of the prefect or of the minister in charge of the sites after consultation of a departmental commission, prior to the delivery of the authorizations of the common law. Activities that have no lasting impact on the aspect of the site such as hunting, fishing, agriculture, continue to operate freely. Camping, the creation of trailer parks and the installation of holiday villages are prohibited except special derogation granted by the Minister in charge of the sites.
New telephone and electrical networks must be landfilled, except in special cases for technical reasons. Advertising is totally prohibited in natural monuments and classified sites.
If the presence of a classified site is deemed to be a presumption of inconstructibility because of the maintenance of the site, this presumption can not be transformed into a regulatory principle of constructibility. The classification of a site has neither the object nor the effect to institute the inconstructibility or to prohibit any economic activity in the perimeter of classification but only to submit to authorization any development likely to modify the inventory of fixtures.
Natural classified sites must be protected through zoning with regulations restrictive, Partially urbanized sites may be included in AU zoning subject to appropriate regulations for landscape and architectural issues.

In a registered site, work permit applications that may affect the space are submitted to the architect of the Bâtiments de France, who issues a simple notice, except for demolition work that is subject to assent. Unless waived by the prefect after consulting the architect of the buildings of France and possibly the departmental commission of sites, perspectives, and landscapes, camping, as well as the installation of holiday villages are prohibited. Display and advertising are prohibited in registered sites located inside built-up areas (Law No. 79-1150 of 29 December 1979).
Registered sites depending on their issues diagnosed in the landscape study may eventually accept changes and developments in urbanization, subject to impact checks, and the implementation of appropriate framework provisions.

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How to start a career in Cyber Security? [Beginner’s Guide]

Umar Nisar

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How to start a career in Cyber Security?

Cybersecurity is perceived as an attractive career by ambitious individuals and is the best way of making the world an advanced place to live in. If you want a career in cybersecurity, don’t sweat it. To debunk the myth, it is not that hard to get your foot into the doors of this sector. There is no age limit or any particular recommendations required to get going. Although, a little academic knowledge would not harm. Read ahead to find out why you must acquire professional and practical knowledge with a cybersecurity course.

Here’s the secret of this: you can not only start learning about the techniques to combat cyber threats but also start doing. The well-structured assignments will allow you to get involved in any possible manner. Opting for a cybersecurity programme is the best way to learn and put your skills to test. This will make room for you to instil the skill, consistency and patience you need to ultimately develop a high level of proficiency at determining security vulnerabilities that require immediate reporting.

As per the data published on Purplesec, a 600% rise in cybercrime has been observed during the COVID 19 pandemic. What’s in it for you? The rising demand for technical experts on cybersecurity, which calls for a solid educational background and practical training. This is because in this field the amount of investment in learning will reward you with career opportunity.

Cybersecurity certification programmes are designed to equip students with business understanding people skills, and leadership competence. This implies that besides possessing technical efficiency, you must be truly overcome difficult challenges within the realms of cybersecurity. On the most strategic level, the divisions pertaining to cybersecurity is the combination of risk management, concerning the leadership of and collaboration between clients. You know what? There are plenty of possibilities of the industry segments and application areas, that it is impossible to explore all of them in a single lifetime. This spans across a wide range of specialisations including network security, access management, and security of the application, endpoint protection, mobile security, cryptography, authentication, identity clarification, threat intelligence, social hacking and phishing. You may be accountable for dealing with transactions of a commercial company or the public sector, for a vendor or a customer. Earning a qualification in cybersecurity will let you acquire operational roles or

leadership position, with popular technologies or those under development. The job list is practically endless and it allows you to either choose to become an instructor or consultant.

Apply to an executive programme in cybersecurity will make you aware of what lies within the aspects of advanced terminology and utility that a cybersecurity division is. Cybersecurity is an adventurous industry to be employed at, therefore, it is suggested that you don’t get intimidated by the cryptic as it presents itself. So, go ahead and cherish your time working with colleagues who have fun together while transforming the business world.

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Do I need a VPN for my Android smartphone?

Umar Nisar

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Do I need a VPN for my Android smartphone?

Most people use a virtual private network (VPN) to safely browse the internet while they are away from home. This allows you to bypass restrictions on region-specific content and websites. So, this is maybe something you also want to use on your smartphone.

There are several scenarios in which you could use a VPN, for example if you are connecting to a public (and unsecured) Wi-Fi network.

Of course, it sometimes happens that you do not have a laptop available, but you do carry a smartphone with you. In these cases, you can consider downloading an android VPN app for your mobile device.

Is it wise to download a VPN app?

The main reason for installing a VPN app on your Android device is internet security. If you use a Wi-Fi connection a lot, for example in the catering industry or on a holiday abroad, it is certainly advisable to use a VPN.

Public connections

Do you often connect to public Wi-Fi networks via your Android phone? It is wise to think about securing your data. There is so much information stored on your phone, from online account login credentials to personal financial information. Therefore, some extra security is always a good move.

A VPN ensures that your data is encrypted and nearly impossible for third parties to access, even if you are logged into a public network with questionable security features. This means, you couldn’t get closer to real online anonymity.

Which VPN app is a good option for my Android device?

There are a lot of VPN providers. Of course, you want a service where the developers have thought carefully about how smoothly the VPN service should work on your Android device.

NordVPN is extremely popular and has more than ten million downloads worldwide. The app contains almost all the features you would expect from a good VPN and is also very focused on security and privacy.

The ‘Double VPN’ technology offers an extra layer of security by sending your connection over two separate VPN servers. NordVPN also offers a zero logs policy. This means that your data will not be stored by the company.

Not unimportantly, the NordVPN app has an automatic kill switch. This means that access to the web with your device is immediately lost if the VPN connection is accidentally lost.

NordVPN is very user-friendly. If you connect to a Wi-Fi network, a connection is automatically made with the app. NordVPN also has good performance when it comes to speed and it offers a 24/7 live chat option.

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Use Google Docs to Edit and Share Documents in the Cloud

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Use Google Docs to Edit and Share Documents in the Cloud

What is Google Docs?

Google Docs is Google’s version of a word processing system that is completely cloud-based. Google offers this product for free to anyone with one of the slowest Internet connections. It works great with Google’s hard drive too, as you can imagine. Google Docs also has very strong sharing and workgroup features that make it easy to team up with others. Even if those people are on the other side of the world.

Google Docs is a simple word processor and spreadsheet that allows the creation and editing of documents. These documents are stored in the cloud (ie online) and can only be accessed with an Internet connection.

In Google Docs, documents can be shared with other users and allows editing by those who share such access to the document. It is only necessary to have a gmail account to use this service.

Google Docs Features:

It’s free

One of the advantages of Google Docs is that it does not have any type of cost, and at the moment it does not include advertising.

No installation

Google Docs does not require the installation of any specific program. It is only necessary to subscribe to the service and have an internet connection.

Information availability

With Google Docs, all documents are stored on Google’s servers. This allows users not to have to save documents on storage devices (USB, hard drives, CDs, pen drives, etc.)

Less use of computer resources

By not storing the information within the memory of the computer, it saves a lot of space.

Frequent updates

Google Docs is constantly updated to improve functionality and correct stability errors. These updates do not depend on the user, nor should the user perform any type of action, as they are automatic.

Compatibility

Documents saved in Google Docs can be easily and easily exported and downloaded.

Group work

Since Google Docs allows one or more users to work on the same document, it facilitates teamwork at the student or professional level.

File organization

Google Docs has a methodology for organizing documents and dividing them into folders for easy use. Some of its functions include the ability to create folders, share documents (or hide them), highlight certain documents, etc.

File import

This word processor in the cloud allows you to import text files from any computer as long as it is prepared by Microsoft Office or Open Office.

Change notifications

In Google Docs you can create alerts through which if one of the users makes a change to a document, then the rest are notified. You can also create notification rules.

HOW TO ADD AN IMAGE BEHIND YOUR TEXT IN GOOGLE DOCS

One of those features that people wish had is the ability to add google docs background image.

USING GOOGLE DOCS

The first method of making the list is to use Microsoft Word to get the job done and then import the file into Google Docs. Of course, this requires you to have access to Word in some form, be it a copy of Word or an Office Online subscription. If you don’t have one of those at your disposal, then you won’t be able to use this method.

1. You want to start making the document in Google Docs with all the text and whatever else you want the final document to have

2. After having made your document in Docs, you need to make a new Word document in your version of the program

3. Next, copy the content of your Google Docs document and paste it into the new Word document

4. You can also save the Google Docs file as a .docx file, which may actually work better, just by clicking

5. If you choose this way, you will open the .docx file in Word

6. Select Insert, then Image from the toolbar at the top of the page

7. Now, choose your image in the file dialog and then choose Insert

8. You should see the image you chose in the Word document now

9. The next step is to right click on the image and choose Wrap Text and then In Front of Text

10. You have to do it because Google Docs does not support the text option behind the page

11. Now, save the Word file and close the program

12. You have to go back to Google Docs and click on File, and Open

13. Next, you will choose the Upload option and choose the file that you just saved in Word

14. You will then select Image Options to open the image options menu

15. In this window you need to move the Transparency slider to make the image more transparent so that you can see the text under it, and there you have it

BUT WHAT ARE THE ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF USING GOOGLE DOCS?

ADVANTAGE

You can create documents online and share it with your friends.

You can select who to share your documents with and restrict access by giving them some permissions that the application allows you to do, such as: only view, only comment or only edit documents in Google.

You will not worry about saving the document every moment, since in Google Docs the documents are saved automatically, you only need to assign a name and that’s it.

It has a wide variety of add-ons to install for free, which can facilitate the development of some tasks that you want to insert into your document. For example, you can install a plugin that allows you to insert equations and diagrams making work much easier, as well as these there are many other plugins that will help you save time.

DISADVANTAGES

To make use of Google Docs or Google documents as it is called in Spanish, you must have a Gmail account that allows you to access the Google Drive service within your Google account.

Google Docs tools are basic if we compare it with the Microsoft Word program, which are more complete.

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