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Authoritarian states

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Authoritarian states

In my previous articles, I criticized the democratic model in Western countries (Danmark)  which no longer matches the complexity of modernity. I wrote that social equality is a main condition for democracy. In this article, we will look at authoritarian states in the Middle East. I am writing this article in connection with what is happening in Iran. Protests in Iran erupted after the Kurdish Iranian girl, Mahsa Amini, was reported dead in hospital. Mahsa Amini died of a cerebral hemorrhage. The regime denied guilt, although Mahsa Amini’s father said that the daughter was not sick. Subsequently, more people were killed and reported missing in Iran while the regime still refused. Examples that I can mention include Hananeh Kia, Nika Shakarami, Sarina Esmailzadeh and hundreds of others who lost their lives in a peaceful demonstration against the regime. The killing of Khodanoor became a symbol of the oppression the Baluch minority suffers under the Iranian authoritarian regime, just as Mahsa Amini became a symbol of the oppression the Kurdish minority suffers in Iran. The protests in Iran started from the Kurdish part but spread to the whole country where people shouted slogans, ’Women, Life, Freedom…’. This is a Kurdish slogan that was used in the Kurdish freedom struggles. The Iranians showed solidarity with Kurds and Baluchis and renounced the brutality of the regime. Mahsa Amini was not a Kurd, but an Iranian like all the other women in Iran who were mistreated by the morality police. Moral police existed in North Korea long before Iran, so it has nothing to do with Islam, but the authoritarian anti-Western ideology that was created. I explained before in my articles how Ayatollah Khomeini created the Islamic authoritarian ideology in Iran which is a new revolutionary ideology that differs from the traditional ideology of Islam (I am not saying Islam is good or bad).  Ayatollah Khomeini took power in a coup d’état where thousands of his opponents were killed. Like Maoism in China, the new ideology cost many people their lives. Ayatollah Khomeini believed that he, as the spiritual leader, was higher than Islam and could therefore bring a new Quran and another version of Islam. He never visited the holy places in Iran because he considered himself higher than the Shia imams. An authoritarian leader can never stay in power without the support of the people. What is characteristic of authoritarian states is that they create a form of agreement — ”authoritarian bargain”.

The agreement is to find a group of people in society who prefer economic advantage to political freedom. For this to be possible, the authoritarian state attracts people who have the ”authoritarian character”. In Iran, Ayatollah Khomeini created a new class in society. The Iran-Iraq war, which was supported by the Western countries, ensured the stability of the new authoritarian regime through the cleansing of the people who belonged to the old regime. The old system collapsed and 4 years after the revolution a new system had been created. A new class in society was created — ”the families of the martyrs”. The new class, through economic benefits and privileges in society, ensured the survival of the Islamic regime and Ayatollah Khomeini’s ideology. Like the Arab Spring, the Iranians came out several times and shouted for freedom. Like the Syrian authoritarian state, the regime cracked down heavily on unarmed protesters. Girls were raped so that the authoritarian regime could show its hypermasculinity and humiliate the people. This is also what ISIS did to the innocent Kurdish female slaves. Iran was the first country in history to establish an Islamic state. The Iranian state was no better than al-Qaeda or the Taliban, but the Western countries for decades hoped that they could find a solution with terrorism. They thought they would be able to negotiate with terrorists and the Iranian authoritarian state. It is of course an advantage for authoritarian states to support each other, therefore Turkey, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Israel, Iran, Afghanistan and Syria actively contribute to terrorism and instability of the region. Turkey has several times bombed Derik discreetly in Rojava in Syria, while Iran has bombed the Kurdish part of Iraq. During the Arab Spring in Syria, in the city of Daraa, peaceful demonstrators were shot. The bodies were stolen and families were forbidden to hold ceremonies for their deceased. The internet was interrupted. The same is happening in Iran. Syrian activists abroad are threatened and their websites are hacked. Their families in Syria are also threatened. The same is happening in Iran. Authoritarian regimes seem to use the same methods to control their population. The Western (regimes of visibility ) then choose to show the part of truth that they themselves prioritize the most. The Western countries chose to close their eyes when al-Qaeda killed Syrians, Afghans and Iraqis, and took action only after the enemy stood behind their door and detonated suicide bombs in Europe. The Western countries turned a blind eye to Iran’s massacre of Iranians during the Aban 98 protests (Bloody November) where thousands of protesters were shot and beaten and their bodies were thrown into the Karaj dam dead or alive.

German politics changed after Olaf Scholz became chancellor and changed direction towards a more anti-Russian policy. The American, Joe Biden, lost hope when he realized that Russia has a great dominance over Iranian politics and oil. The Western countries began to choose the Americans after the Ukrainian-Russian war. World politics as a whole changed and the countries took a new position after capital and the market. Diaspora Iranians played a major role in pressuring the Western regimes of visibility. Approximately 80 thousand Iranian demonstrators appeared in Berlin. Well-known Iranian figures such as soccer player Ali Karimi and actor Golshifteh Farahani showed their soldiery. Activist Masih Alinajad met with French President Emmanuel Macron. The European parliament member David Lega, the Swedish Ann Linde, the American singer Harry Styles, the British Bambos Charalambous and hundreds of others have shown their solidarity because freedom does not belong to a particular nation but is a human right. The Danish imperialist feminist Pia Kjærsgaard also showed her solidarity, as populism constitutes a lot in Danish politics where other populists who fight for equality in society and freedom for Palestine kept their mouths shut. They also never mention Israel as an apartheid state that also oppresses Israelis, but only mentions the systematic oppression of Palestinians. They never say anything about Iran or other authoritarian countries, but only direct their criticism at Western populism. In both Shia Islam and Christianity, the savior is not a person but a character of freedom that is not bound to a specific time and place. The savior is among us and as Hannah Arendt said, ”The leaders of the revolution are those who pick up the revolution from the street and not those who started the revolution.” Authoritarian regimes live as long as ignorance is dominant, but when man is enlightened, freedom will come sooner or later.

 Before the revolution, Iran had 2/3 of the US oil market, and it was reduced to zero after the revolution. Saudi Arabia and other Arab countries took over the Iranian market in both the US and the West. Iran became an indifferent country for the West and the United States. A free Iran is of course not in the interest of any country as long as resources can be obtained from the usual suppliers. After Russia’s crisis with Europe, Iran was once again seen as an option. The Arab countries and Turkey can continue to maintain their earnings from oil and tourism as long as Iran, Russia and Syria are in crisis and under sanctions. The Iranian authoritarian regime does not care about sanctions because Iran is privatized and the authoritarian people own everything, and sanctions only affect the people who already have economic problems”Islamic capitalism”.

The Russian, Putin, had never thought that the Ukraine war would last long and turn into an economic crisis. The West provided weapons to the Free Syrian Army during the Arab Spring so that Syrians could kill each other. They did the same with Ukraine. However, they introduced harsh sanctions against Russia because the war was a threat to Europe. The international community did not intervene in the conflict, and the Syrian state could just label the people as terrorists and kill them together with Iran and Russia. Only the areas in Syria that were near Israel together with oil areas were guarded. Western regimes of visibility played a double-standard policy towards their population. So far, Iranian embassies in Western countries are still available and the West’s support for Iranian people has been nothing but condemning words.

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What do you need to remember when designing your new kitchen

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What do you need to remember when designing your new kitchen

For many people, having a new kitchen is one of the most exhilarating parts of building a new log or timber home. It is not surprising considering how much time is spent on them. The kitchen is a very important part of the house and should be given time and research to ensure it functions comfortably and efficiently. Here are some design considerations to keep in mind when planning your new kitchen.

Cabinet height

No matter your height, it is important that your kitchen cabinets comfortably accommodate you. Base cabinets are typically 36 inches tall, but many manufacturers offer the ability to adjust the height of the base cabinets to best suit your needs. Wall cabinets also come in a variety of heights, so be sure to select a cabinet that will allow you easy access to all shelves. Even if you choose a standard height cabinet, you can adjust the placement of wall cabinets to better suit your height.

Appliances

There is a wide range of kitchen appliances available on the market, from basic to commercial-grade and everything in between. You’ll want to select the size and type of appliance that best suits your needs. For example, if you have a large family or entertain often, you may want to opt for a commercial-size fridge or oven. On the other hand, if you live alone or have a small space, apartment-size appliances may be a better fit. Other options to consider include warming drawers, steamers and other specialty products.

Storage

One of the reasons people often renovate their kitchens is for increased storage. As you design your kitchen, carefully consider what needs to be stored there. For example, do you need space for five mixers? How much food storage do you require? Would you like a special area for Grandma’s china? If you can make a list of everything that needs to be stored and why, you can ensure that your design will include all the right elements.

Function

Although an aesthetically pleasing kitchen is important, it is essential that the kitchen also functions well for your family’s lifestyle. If you entertain often, having extra space for guests to help prepare food or an open layout between the kitchen and adjacent room would be ideal. If your family typically eats meals in the kitchen, be sure to include seating and a place to set food. Additionally, keep items that you use on a regular basis within easy reach. This will prevent frustration if you have to search for something every time you need it. By taking note of how you currently use your kitchen space and what improvements could be made, you can design a functional and beautiful kitchen for your home.

Layout

You will often hear designers and architects talk about the “work triangle” when discussing kitchen layouts. The work triangle is the distance between your sink, refrigerator, and range. The National Kitchen and Bath Association (NKBA) has established guidelines for creating an efficient work triangle. Remember that you should keep these distances relatively short so you don’t have to walk too far when moving between them.

Style

When planning a kitchen remodel, many people have a specific vision in mind of what they want their new kitchen to look like. However, not everyone knows exactly which style details will help to achieve their desired aesthetic. The style of cabinets can make a big impact. For example, if you want a more contemporary look, consider choosing slab or shaker style doors. If you prefer a more traditional appearance, raised panel doors may be the way to go. Additionally, color plays an important role in the overall atmosphere of the space – darker colors tend to feel more modern while light colors create a more country feel. Keep in mind that when making choices for your new kitchen, it is important to select items that will not look dated or outdated within a few years.

Hardware

Cabinet hardware can be a great way to add style and personality to your cabinetry. It can also be a functional element that makes it easier to use your cabinets, especially for those with aging hands. When choosing cabinet hardware, it’s important to consider who will be using the kitchen on a regular basis and what works best for them. Keep in mind that cabinet hardware is not a requirement. If you want something that will stand the test of time, choose something classic and timeless.

Countertops

There are many countertop options available, so be sure to choose one that best fits your needs. Consider the following factors when making your decision: how often you’ll need to seal the product, if it’s prone to scratching and how easy it is to clean.Manufacturers usually list this information on their websites, or you can ask a professional for guidance.Of course, budget is also a key consideration. For example, granite may be more expensive than a look-alike option, but it might be worth the investment.

Space requirements

Everyone loves having a ton of space in their kitchen – enough to fit everything they need and more. If you’re considering sacrificing space in adjoining rooms to make your dream kitchen a reality, ask yourself if it’s truly worth it. Changing the layout or installing cabinets that reach the ceiling are both viable options that can give you the extra storage you need without compromising other areas of the home.

Extras

When designing your new kitchen, there are many factors to consider beyond the basic layout and appliances. If you have the budget for it, additional features like crown molding,columns, or faux door panels on your island can really elevate the look of the space. Just be sure to carefully consider all your options before making any final decisions.

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