A taweez is a talisman, amulet, or charm which is believed to ward off evil and bring good luck. Taweez are used in Islam to protect against the evil eye and other malevolent spiritual influences. Islamic talismans generally fall into three categories – taweez or amulets, sufi-mystical talismans, and Quranic talismans.
The word “taweez” comes from Arabic and means “to put a protective charm on something”. Taweez are typically made from paper, cloth, or leather with Arabic inscriptions of prayers on them. The word Taweez means “to tie” in Arabic and the taweez often has knots or threads that are tied to symbolize a strong bond between the wearer and God. The most common use of a Taweez is for love spells or as a cure for illness. The use of talismans is not a new phenomenon. It has been in existence for centuries and used by different cultures all over the world. Beyond belief, amulets were found in the Grand Mosque of Mecca while they were doing renovations. These amulets are said to be used during the medieval period and believed to provide divine protection or armor.
The origin of talismans in the Islamic tradition can be traced to the prophet Muhammad and his piety. We find the earliest references about the existence of talismans in Muslim culture in two texts dating back to the 11th century, named “Kitab Splendid Horsemanship” written by ` Ali ibn Ridwan in 1031 AD and “Book of Good Things” written by al-Faqih Santorini prior to 1100 as well.
The roots of talismans are Islamic, but they have been used by many other cultures throughout history such as ancient Egyptians, Greeks, Romans, Persians ( They called these talismans “Tala” which means “to tie”) Arabian pagans and more recently Christians. The Quran is the most common source of Islamic talismans for Muslims today because it is believed to have healing powers. The Quran has some verses that refer to amulets as well as verses that mention angels who will protect you when you wear them (Quran 2:102-103). It says that those who wear it will be protected from all evils, especially if they are believers. Early mention of these kind of amulets was from ancient Egyptian and from Assyrian civilizations where they were described as being an object that had superstitious powers, power embued with metaphysical significance or authority.
At first taweez were considered to be Pagan symbols and resembled talisman which belongs to the Greek word ‘talismanium’. This bound of beliefs led Al-Buni for instance to advocate the view that magic talisman are left behind by Chaldeans and Magians from Antiquity. Talismans were not always looked upon favorably by Arab countries because they continued to ascribe them to old pagan beliefs just as the Hebrews had done (such as wearing 777 bronze rings), but in the 10th century arab mystic Al-Buni changed their beliefs. It was the common Muslim view in Medieval hadiths, which were reports of sayings or actions attributed personally to the Prophet Mohammad, that Muslims should have a Quranic verse or supplication on a taweez in order to be blessed with its supernatural protection.
Talismans from Hindu India were transmitted by Sufi monks before being adopted by pre-modern Arabs who bestowed them with new powers and meanings in sync with medieval Arab mysticism. Sufi also developed as a mystic living in a Muslim society and has been heavily influenced by apostasy during the time of Islam’s medieval period from Turkic pagan tribes. They have inherited many ancient pagan customs from these tribes and these are often seen as the roots of Islamic magic amulets that usually possess zodiac symbols such as pentagrams, hexagrams, sigils etc. When islam was introduced to south Asia, many of the old talismans were redrawn including Arabic texts from Quran on them.
Hamza Fazal is a reporter for The Hear UP. After graduating from the University of Abbottabad, Hamza got an internship at the NPR and worked as a reporter and producer. Hamza has also worked as a reporter for the Medium. Hamza covers health and science for The Hear UP.
A Few Things to Check Before Hiring an Electrician
Hiring an Electrician
Many homeowners attempt to do home improvement projects themselves, and the results are often disappointing. However, trying to handle electrical work independently can lead to costly errors and injuries. Discover a few things to check before hiring an electrician to get the job done right and stay within the budget.
When looking for an electrician, the first thing to consider is whether they are properly trained. The electricians should attend a vocational school or other recognized institute to learn how to perform the work correctly. Discuss the training process to find the right team for the job.
Comparing electricians includes reviewing their relevant experience performing similar work. Homeowners should discuss the project scope with potential electricians and determine whether they have experience in that area. Also, ask for recommendations and referrals from previous satisfied customers.
Once homeowners have a list of prospects, check online reviews to narrow down the possibilities based on customer experiences. Often, people discover more about an electrician or other service providers by reading reviews and talking to others. Also, discuss referrals with neighbors, co-workers, friends, and families to determine which services handled the work most efficiently.
Licensed and Insured
Verify your state’s requirement for license and insurance and then ensure the electrician is compliant to protect your most valuable asset. It is often tempting to hire an unlicensed or uninsured electrician to cut costs, but that often adds up to spending more money in the long run. Plus, you could be liable if an accident or injury occurs on your premises, adding even more to the costs.
Verify Credentials and Permits
The first step to verifying an electrician’s expertise is to inquire about licenses and insurance. The next step is to verify these credentials and permits to ensure they are valid and current. A quality electrician will immediately provide documentation for customers to verify.
Talk to Several Electricians
After comparing reviews and verifying credentials, consult with several electricians to find the right one for the project. While all of them might be qualified for the job, homeowners should find an electrician that understands their vision and wants to work with them every step of the way. Take notes during the interviews to review and determine the best candidate for the job.
While qualifications are crucial to getting the job done correctly, homeowners must also stay within their budget to avoid financial stress associated with unexpected surprises. An electrician should provide a precise estimate and include everything to be done to complete the project for homeowners to plan for payment. The goal is to find a qualified electrician that provides all the services needed for the most competitive price.
Look for Outstanding Customer Service
Finally, it helps to work with electricians dedicated to providing the highest level of customer service and that stand behind their work. Inquire about warranties and other guarantees to verify the project will be completed according to specifications. Then choose the electrician who communicates clearly and makes you feel comfortable about their skills.
Hiring an electrician is often critical to getting the job done right and avoiding additional costs related to injuries and errors. Use this checklist to find a qualified electrician that provides outstanding service within your budget.
Khalil ur Rehman is a proud born and raised in Abbottabad. Khalil has worked as a journalist for nearly a decade having contributed to several large publications including the Yahoo News and The Verge. As a journalist for The Hear Up, Khalil covers climate and science news. [email protected]